• Fourth Quarter 2018 Net Income of $11.6 million -- $0.38 per diluted share, a $0.37 increase over the fourth quarter of 2017, and Adjusted Net Operating Income of $17.1 million -- $0.56 per diluted share, a $0.43 increase over the fourth quarter of 2017

  • Full year 2018 Net Income of $63.8 million -- $2.11 per diluted share, a $0.67 increase over the full year 2017, and Adjusted Net Operating Income of $70.6 million -- $2.33 per diluted share, a $0.76 increase over the full year 2017

  • Full year Adjusted Net Operating Return on Average Tangible Equity1 of 14.8%, the Company's highest return since 2006

  • Tangible Book Value per Share of $16.34, an increase of 9.8% from year-end 2017, inclusive of dividends

  • Combined Ratio of 96.5% for the quarter, an improvement of 5.5 percentage points over the prior year quarter

  • Net Investment Income was largely flat compared to the prior year quarter and year, but Net Investment Income (Loss) from Other Private Investments was ($1.3 million) for the quarter, as compared to $1.4 million in the prior year quarter

PEMBROKE, Bermuda, Feb. 21, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- James River Group Holdings, Ltd. ("James River" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: JRVR) today reported fourth quarter 2018 net income of $11.6 million ($0.38 per diluted share), compared to $0.2 million ($0.01 per diluted share) for the fourth quarter of 2017.  Adjusted net operating income for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $17.1 million ($0.56 per diluted share), compared to $4.1 million ($0.13 per diluted share) for the same period in 2017.

  
 Three Months Ended
Earnings Per Diluted ShareDecember 31,
 2018 2017
    
Net Income 2$0.38  $0.01 
Adjusted Net Operating Income 3$0.56  $0.13 


1.  Adjusted Net Operating Return on Average Tangible Equity is calculated as adjusted net operating income divided by the average tangible equity for the trailing five quarters.
    
2.  2018 results include unrealized losses on equity securities and related taxes.
    
3.  See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures" below.
    

Robert P. Myron, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, commented, “I am pleased with our results for the full year 2018.  Our 2018 Adjusted Net Operating Return on Average Tangible Equity of 14.8% represented our highest result since 2006.  We had strong performance across the Company as all three segments generated significant underwriting profits in 2018 with minimal property losses."

"Looking ahead, I am very optimistic about our prospects for a successful 2019.  We continue to get strong rate increases and submission growth in our core Excess & Surplus Lines business as rates increased 9.7% and submissions increased 12% for the fourth quarter, causing our core Excess & Surplus Lines gross written premium to grow 18% during the quarter.  We renewed our largest account for another year.  In our Workers' Compensation business, loss emergence has been low and margins remain attractive.  We have significant momentum to continue to grow our fronting business.  We are well positioned to achieve a 12.0% or better Adjusted Net Operating Return on Average Tangible Equity for 2019.”

Fourth Quarter 2018 Operating Results

  • Gross written premium of $295.3 million, consisting of the following:
   
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 
($ in thousands)2018 2017 % Change
Excess and Surplus Lines$166,417  $142,696  17%
Specialty Admitted Insurance91,238  82,357  11%
Casualty Reinsurance37,655  12,847  193%
 $295,310  $237,900  24%
           
  • Net written premium of $189.6 million, consisting of the following:
   
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 
($ in thousands)2018 2017 % Change
Excess and Surplus Lines$138,791  $123,535  12%
Specialty Admitted Insurance13,513  7,495  80%
Casualty Reinsurance37,343  13,098  185%
 $189,647  $144,128  32%
           
  • Net earned premium of $201.6 million, consisting of the following:
   
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 
($ in thousands)2018 2017 % Change
Excess and Surplus Lines$145,057  $128,798  13%
Specialty Admitted Insurance13,642  14,773  -8%
Casualty Reinsurance42,857  56,658  -24%
 $201,556  $200,229  1%
           
  • The Excess and Surplus Lines segment grew due to increases in its Commercial Auto division amid a rate increase on the March 1, 2018 renewal of the Company's largest contract, as well as 18% growth in core (non-commercial auto) lines gross written premium, as eight out of twelve underwriting divisions grew;
  • The Specialty Admitted Insurance segment gross written premium increased largely due to growth in the fronting business.  The Company's strategic decision to take minimal underwriting risk in this business has resulted in higher growth in gross rather than net premium;
  • Gross written premium and net written premium increased in the Casualty Reinsurance segment due to the shift in the renewal date of a large account from the third to the fourth quarter of 2018.   Net earned premium decreased due to a $100 million reduction in net written premium for the full year 2018 compared to the previous year.  The reduction in 2018 gross and net written premium in this segment is consistent with our planned reductions for the segment;
  • There was unfavorable reserve development of $5.8 million compared to unfavorable reserve development of $30.7 million in the prior year quarter (representing a 2.9 and 15.3 percentage point increase to the Company’s loss ratio in each period, respectively);
  • Pre-tax (unfavorable) favorable reserve development by segment was as follows:
  
 Three Months Ended
 December 31,
($ in thousands)2018 2017
Excess and Surplus Lines$(5,781) $(29,798)
Specialty Admitted Insurance3,238  591 
Casualty Reinsurance(3,296) (1,528)
 $(5,839) $(30,735)
        
  • The unfavorable reserve development in the quarter was largely a result of $5.8 million of adverse development in the Excess and Surplus Lines segment, driven by the 2016 accident year in our commercial auto division.  The unfavorable reserve development in the Casualty Reinsurance segment related primarily to accident years at least four years old and treaties the Company has since non-renewed;
  • Group accident year loss ratio of 72.3% was up from 68.8% in the prior year quarter due to changes in mix of business, specifically growth in the Commercial Auto division within the Excess and Surplus Lines segment which carries a higher initial loss pick but also a lower expense ratio than the segment as a whole;
  • Group combined ratio of 96.5% improved from 102.0% in the prior year quarter;
  • Group expense ratio of 21.3% increased from 17.9% in the prior year quarter but decreased from 22.5% in the third quarter of 2018.  The increase versus the prior year quarter was largely driven by a lower 2017 compensation bonus pool in response to the Company's 2017 performance.  The decrease versus the third quarter of 2018 was driven by continued growth in lines of business which carry relatively low net expenses;
  • Gross fee income by segment was as follows:
   
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 
($ in thousands)2018 2017 % Change
Excess and Surplus Lines$2,410  $5,023  (52)%
Specialty Admitted Insurance3,876  3,445  13%
 $6,286  $8,468  (26)%
           
  • Fee income in the Excess & Surplus Lines segment decreased from its level in the prior year quarter as a portion of the segment’s fee for services revenue is now recorded as gross written premium.  Fee income in the Specialty Admitted Insurance segment increased as a result of the continued growth of its fronting business;
  • Net investment income in the quarter was $15.5 million, a decrease of 2% from the prior year quarter.  Further details can be found in the "Investment Results" section below.

Investment Results

Net investment income for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $15.5 million, which compares to $15.8 million for the same period in 2017.  The decrease was driven by losses from two investments within our Other Private Investments portfolio.  These investments represent less than $20 million of carrying value, or approximately 1% of the total investment portfolio.  This was mostly offset by higher net investment income in our fixed maturity and bank loan portfolios due to improved book yields and an increased portfolio size.

The Company’s net investment income (loss) consisted of the following:

   
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 
($ in thousands)2018 2017 % Change
Renewable Energy Investments$904  $1,947  (54)%
Other Private Investments (1,327)  1,394   -
All Other Net Investment Income 15,878   12,451  28%
Total Net Investment Income$15,455  $15,792  (2)%
           

The Company’s annualized gross investment yield on average fixed maturity, bank loan and equity securities for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was 4.1% (versus 4.0% for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 3.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2017) and the average duration of the fixed maturity and bank loan portfolio was 3.4 years at December 31, 2018 (versus 3.6 years at September 30, 2018 and 3.5 years at December 31, 2017).  Renewable energy and other private investments produced an annualized return of (2.3%) for the three months ended December 31, 2018 (19.6% for the three months ended December 31, 2017) and an actual return of 7.2% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 (22.4% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017). These portfolios are concentrated and the renewable energy portion in particular can be heavily influenced by portfolio sales and valuation factors, including long term interest rates.

Taxes

Generally the Company's effective tax rate fluctuates from period to period based on the relative mix of income reported by country and the respective tax rates imposed by each tax jurisdiction.  The tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and December 30, 2017 was 11.2% and 96.3%, respectively, while the tax rate for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was 9.9% and 21.0%, respectively.

Tangible Equity

Tangible equity inclusive of dividends increased 11% from $474.5 million at December 31, 2017 to $526.1 million at December 31, 2018, due to $63.8 million of net income and $9.2 million of option exercise activity and stock compensation.  These items were partially offset by $22.2 million of after tax unrealized losses in the Company's fixed income investment portfolio resulting from increased market interest rates.

December 31, 2018 tangible equity after dividends of $489.9 million increased 3.2% from $474.5 million at December 31, 2017 and increased 2.6% from $477.7 million at September 30, 2018.  Tangible equity per common share was $16.34 at December 31, 2018, net of $1.20 of dividends per share the Company paid during 2018.  The adjusted net operating income return on average tangible equity was 14.8%, which compares to 9.7% for 2017.

Capital Management

The Company announced that its Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.30 per common share. This dividend is payable on Friday, March 29, 2019 to all shareholders of record on Monday, March 11, 2019.

Guidance

The Company has announced its guidance to achieve a 12.0% or better Adjusted Net Operating Return on Average Tangible Equity and a combined ratio of between 94% and 97% for 2019.

Conference Call

James River Group Holdings, Ltd. will hold a conference call to discuss its fourth quarter results tomorrow, February 22, 2019, at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Investors may access the conference call by dialing (877) 930-8055, Conference ID# 9488308, or via the internet by going to www.jrgh.net and clicking on the “Investor Relations” link. Please visit the website at least 15 minutes early to register and download any necessary audio software. A replay of the call will be available until 12:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) on March 24, 2019 and can be accessed by dialing (855) 859-2056 or by visiting the company website.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, such forward-looking statements may be identified by terms such as believe, expect, seek, may, will, intend, project, anticipate, plan, estimate, guidance or similar words. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements.  Although it is not possible to identify all of these risks and factors, they include, among others, the following: the inherent uncertainty of estimating reserves and the possibility that incurred losses may be greater than our loss and loss adjustment expense reserves; inaccurate estimates and judgments in our risk management may expose us to greater risks than intended; the potential loss of key members of our management team or key employees and our ability to attract and retain personnel; adverse economic factors resulting in the sale of fewer policies than expected or an increase in the frequency or severity of claims, or both; a decline in our financial strength rating resulting in a reduction of new or renewal business; reliance on a select group of brokers and agents for a significant portion of our business and the impact of our potential failure to maintain such relationships; reliance on a select group of customers for a significant portion of our business and the impact of our potential failure to maintain such relationships; changes in laws or government regulation, including tax or insurance law and regulations; the recently enacted Public Law No. 115-97, informally titled the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, may have a significant effect on us including, among other things, by potentially increasing our tax rate, as well as on our shareholders; in the event we do not qualify for the insurance company exception to the passive foreign investment company (“PFIC”) rules and are therefore considered a PFIC, there could be material adverse tax consequences to an investor that is subject to U.S. federal income taxation; the Company or any of its foreign subsidiaries becoming subject to U.S. federal income taxation; a failure of any of the loss limitations or exclusions we utilize to shield us from unanticipated financial losses or legal exposures, or other liabilities; losses from catastrophic events which substantially exceed our expectations and/or exceed the amount of reinsurance we have purchased to protect us from such events; potential effects on our business of emerging claim and coverage issues; exposure to credit risk, interest rate risk and other market risk in our investment portfolio; our ability to obtain reinsurance coverage at prices and on terms that allow us to transfer risk and adequately protect our company against financial loss; losses resulting from reinsurance counterparties failing to pay us on reinsurance claims, insurance companies with whom we have a fronting arrangement failing to pay us for claims, or an insured group of companies with whom we have an indemnification arrangement failing to perform their reimbursement obligations; the potential impact of internal or external fraud, operational errors, systems malfunctions or cyber security incidents; our ability to manage our growth effectively; inadequacy of premiums we charge to compensate us for our losses incurred; failure to maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended; and changes in our financial condition, regulations or other factors that may restrict our subsidiaries’ ability to pay us dividends. Additional information about these risks and uncertainties, as well as others that may cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, is contained in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 1, 2018. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release and the Company does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information to reflect changes in assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events, or otherwise.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In presenting James River Group Holdings, Ltd.’s results, management has included financial measures that are not calculated under standards or rules that comprise accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Such measures, including underwriting profit, adjusted net operating income, tangible equity, adjusted net operating return on average tangible equity (which is calculated as adjusted net operating income divided by the average tangible equity for the trailing five quarters), and pre-dividend tangible equity per share, are referred to as non-GAAP measures. These non-GAAP measures may be defined or calculated differently by other companies. These measures should not be viewed as a substitute for those measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Reconciliations of such measures to the most comparable GAAP figures are included at the end of this press release.

About James River Group Holdings, Ltd.

James River Group Holdings, Ltd. is a Bermuda-based insurance holding company which owns and operates a group of specialty insurance and reinsurance companies. The Company operates in three specialty property-casualty insurance and reinsurance segments: Excess and Surplus Lines, Specialty Admitted Insurance and Casualty Reinsurance. Each of the Company’s regulated insurance subsidiaries are rated “A” (Excellent) by A.M. Best Company.

Visit James River Group Holdings, Ltd. on the web at www.jrgh.net

 
James River Group Holdings, Ltd. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Data
(Unaudited)
    
 December 31, December 31,
 2018 2017
    
 ($ in thousands, except for share data)
ASSETS   
Invested assets:   
Fixed maturity securities, available-for-sale$1,184,202  $1,016,098 
Fixed maturity securities, trading  3,808 
Equity securities, at fair value78,385  82,522 
Bank loan participations, held-for-investment260,972  238,214 
Short-term investments81,966  36,804 
Other invested assets72,321  70,208 
Total invested assets1,677,846  1,447,654 
    
Cash and cash equivalents172,457  163,495 
Accrued investment income11,110  8,381 
Premiums receivable and agents’ balances307,899  352,436 
Reinsurance recoverable on unpaid losses467,371  302,524 
Reinsurance recoverable on paid losses18,344  11,292 
Deferred policy acquisition costs54,450  72,365 
Goodwill and intangible assets219,368  220,165 
Other assets207,931  178,383 
Total assets$3,136,776  $2,756,695 
    
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
Reserve for losses and loss adjustment expenses$1,661,459  $1,292,349 
Unearned premiums386,473  418,114 
Senior debt118,300  98,300 
Junior subordinated debt104,055  104,055 
Accrued expenses51,792  39,295 
Other liabilities105,456  109,883 
Total liabilities2,427,535  2,061,996 
    
Total shareholders’ equity709,241  694,699 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$3,136,776  $2,756,695 
    
Tangible equity (a)$489,873  $474,534 
Tangible equity per common share outstanding (a)$16.34  $15.98 
Total shareholders’ equity per common share
  outstanding
$23.65  $23.39 
Common shares outstanding29,988,460  29,696,682 
Debt to total capitalization ratio (b)23.9% 22.6%
(a) See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures”.   
(b) Debt includes senior debt and junior subordinated debt.   
    


James River Group Holdings, Ltd. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Income Statement Data
(Unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
 December 31, December 31,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
        
 ($ in thousands, except for share data)
REVENUES       
Gross written premiums$295,310  $237,900  $1,166,773  $1,081,905 
Net written premiums189,647  144,128  762,672  766,626 
        
Net earned premiums201,556  200,229  815,398  741,109 
Net investment income15,455  15,792  61,256  61,119 
Net realized and unrealized losses on investments (a)(5,072) (3,172) (5,479) (1,989)
Other income2,583  5,114  14,424  17,386 
Total revenues214,522  217,963  885,599  817,625 
        
EXPENSES       
Losses and loss adjustment expenses151,522  168,479  600,276  555,377 
Other operating expenses45,321  40,804  201,035  196,993 
Other expenses1,334  188  1,300  539 
Interest expense3,094  2,323  11,553  8,974 
Amortization of intangible assets150  150  597  597 
Total expenses201,421  211,944  814,761  762,480 
Income before taxes13,101  6,019  70,838  55,145 
Income tax expense1,469  5,795  7,008  11,579 
NET INCOME$11,632  $224  $63,830  $43,566 
ADJUSTED NET OPERATING INCOME (b)$17,056  $4,071  $70,596  $47,385 
        
EARNINGS PER SHARE       
Basic$0.39  $0.01  $2.14  $1.48 
Diluted$0.38  $0.01  $2.11  $1.44 
        
ADJUSTED NET OPERATING INCOME PER SHARE      
Basic$0.57  $0.14  $2.36  $1.61 
Diluted$0.56  $0.13  $2.33  $1.57 
        
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:       
Basic29,966,695  29,621,823  29,887,990  29,461,717 
Diluted30,356,990  30,233,639  30,307,101  30,273,149 
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.30  $0.80  $1.20  $1.70 
        
Ratios:       
Loss ratio75.2% 84.1% 73.6% 74.9%
Expense ratio (c)21.3% 17.9% 23.0% 24.3%
Combined ratio96.5% 102.0% 96.6% 99.2%
Accident year loss ratio72.3% 68.8% 71.5% 72.0%
(a) 2018 includes net realized losses of $5.3 million and $6.0 million for the change in net unrealized gains on equity securities in the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2018, respectively, in accordance with the Company's adoption of ASU 2016-01 effective January 1, 2018.
(b) See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures".
(c) Calculated with a numerator comprising other operating expenses less gross fee income of the Excess and Surplus Lines segment and a denominator of net earned premiums.
 


James River Group Holdings, Ltd. and Subsidiaries
Segment Results
        
EXCESS AND SURPLUS LINES       
        
 Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended  
 December 31,   December 31,  
     %     %
 2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
            
 ($ in thousands)
Gross written premiums$166,417  $142,696  16.6% $656,538  $530,120  23.8%
Net written premiums$138,791  $123,535  12.3% $571,098  $469,891  21.5%
            
Net earned premiums$145,057  $128,798  12.6% $555,684  $463,521  19.9%
Losses and loss adjustment expenses(116,386) (122,773) (5.2)% (437,904) (371,717) 17.8%
Underwriting expenses(18,555) (6,807) 172.6% (74,946) (62,111) 20.7%
Underwriting profit (loss) (a), (b)$10,116  $(782) _ $42,834  $29,693  44.3%
            
Ratios:           
Loss ratio80.2% 95.3%   78.8% 80.2%  
Expense ratio12.8% 5.3%   13.5% 13.4%  
Combined ratio93.0% 100.6%   92.3% 93.6%  
Accident year loss ratio76.2% 72.2%   76.1% 75.9%  
            
(a) See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures". 
(b) Underwriting results include fee income of $2.4 million and $5.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $13.9 million and $17.0 million for the respective twelve month periods. These amounts are included in “Other income” in our Condensed Consolidated Income Statements.
 


SPECIALTY ADMITTED INSURANCE       
        
 Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended  
 December 31,   December 31,  
     %     %
 2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
            
 ($ in thousands)
Gross written premiums$91,238  $82,357  10.8% $374,346  $316,430  18.3%
Net written premiums$13,513  $7,495  80.3% $55,840  $60,957  (8.4)%
            
Net earned premiums$13,642  $14,773  (7.7)% $55,146  $68,110  (19.0)%
Losses and loss adjustment expenses(7,340) (10,509) (30.2)% (32,623) (44,863) (27.3)%
Underwriting expenses(3,710) (3,344) 10.9% (15,551) (20,081) (22.6)%
Underwriting profit (a), (b)$2,592  $920  181.7% $6,972  $3,166  120.2%
            
Ratios:           
Loss ratio53.8% 71.1%   59.2% 65.9%  
Expense ratio27.2% 22.7%   28.2% 29.5%  
Combined ratio81.0% 93.8%   87.4% 95.4%  
Accident year loss ratio77.5% 75.1%   69.2% 69.9%  
            
(a) See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures". 
(b) Underwriting results include fee income of $3.9 million and $3.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $14.8 million and $11.3 million for the respective twelve month periods.
 


CASUALTY REINSURANCE       
        
 Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended  
 December 31,   December 31,  
     %     %
 2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
            
 ($ in thousands)
Gross written premiums$37,655  $12,847  193.1% $135,889  $235,355  (42.3)%
Net written premiums$37,343  $13,098  185.1% $135,734  $235,778  (42.4)%
            
Net earned premiums$42,857  $56,658  (24.4)% $204,568  $209,478  (2.3)%
Losses and loss adjustment expenses(27,796) (35,197) (21.0)% (129,749) (138,797) (6.5)%
Underwriting expenses(15,007) (19,363) (22.5)% (69,716) (72,446) (3.8)%
Underwriting profit (loss) (a)$54  $2,098  (97.4)% $5,103  $(1,765) -
            
Ratios:           
Loss ratio64.9% 62.1%   63.4% 66.3%  
Expense ratio35.0% 34.2%   34.1% 34.5%  
Combined ratio99.9% 96.3%   97.5% 100.8%  
Accident year loss ratio57.2% 59.4%   59.4% 64.3%  
            
(a) See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures". 
 

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES

Underwriting Profit

The following table reconciles the underwriting profit (loss) by individual operating segment and for the entire Company to consolidated income before taxes. We believe that these measures are useful to investors in evaluating the performance of our Company and its operating segments because our objective is to consistently earn underwriting profits.  We evaluate the performance of our operating segments and allocate resources based primarily on underwriting profit of operating segments.  Our definition of underwriting profit of operating segments and underwriting profit may not be comparable to that of other companies.

 Three Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
 December 31, December 31,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
        
 (in thousands)
Underwriting profit (loss) of the operating segments:       
Excess and Surplus Lines$10,116  $(782) $42,834  $29,693 
Specialty Admitted Insurance2,592  920  6,972  3,166 
Casualty Reinsurance54  2,098  5,103  (1,765)
Total underwriting profit of operating segments12,762  2,236  54,909  31,094 
Other operating expenses of the Corporate and Other segment(5,639) (6,267) (26,903) (25,330)
Underwriting profit (loss) (a)7,123  (4,031) 28,006  5,764 
Net investment income15,455  15,792  61,256  61,119 
Net realized and unrealized losses on investments (b)(5,072) (3,172) (5,479) (1,989)
Other income and expenses(1,161) (97) (795) (178)
Interest expense(3,094) (2,323) (11,553) (8,974)
Amortization of intangible assets(150) (150) (597) (597)
Consolidated income before taxes$13,101  $6,019  $70,838  $55,145 
        



(a) Included in underwriting results for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 is fee income of $6.3 million and $8.5 million, respectively, and $28.7 million and $28.3 million for the respective twelve month periods.
(b) 2018 includes net realized losses of $5.3 million and $6.0 million for the change in net unrealized gains on equity securities in the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2018, respectively, in accordance with the Company's adoption of ASU 2016-01 effective January 1, 2018.
   

Adjusted Net Operating Income

We define adjusted net operating income as net income excluding (i) net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments (net realized investment gains (losses) and the change in unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities per the adoption of ASU 2016-01), (ii) non-operating expenses including those that relate to due diligence costs for various merger and acquisition activities, professional fees related to the filing of registration statements for the sale of our securities, and costs associated with former employees, (iii) impairment of intangible assets, (iv) dividend withholding taxes, and (v) interest and other expenses on a leased building that we are deemed to own for accounting purposes. We use adjusted net operating income as an internal performance measure in the management of our operations because we believe it gives our management and other users of our financial information useful insight into our results of operations and our underlying business performance.  Adjusted net operating income should not be viewed as a substitute for net income calculated in accordance with GAAP, and our definition of adjusted net operating income may not be comparable to that of other companies.

Our income before taxes and net income for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, reconciles to our adjusted net operating income as follows:

 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2018 2017
 Income   Income  
 Before Taxes Net Income Before Taxes Net Income
        
 (in thousands)
Income as reported$13,101  $11,632  $6,019  $224 
Net realized and unrealized losses on investments (a)5,072  4,008  3,172  2,375 
Other expenses1,134  896  188  214 
Impairment of intangible assets200  200     
Dividend withholding taxes      1,053 
Interest expense on leased building the Company is deemed to own for accounting purposes405  320  316  205 
Adjusted net operating income$19,912  $17,056  $9,695  $4,071 
        
 Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 2018 2017
 Income   Income  
 Before Taxes Net Income Before Taxes Net Income
        
 (in thousands)
Income as reported$70,838  $63,830  $55,145  $43,566 
Net realized and unrealized losses on investments (a)5,479  4,374  1,989  1,375 
Other expenses1,100  941  539  575 
Impairment of intangible assets200  200     
Dividend withholding taxes      1,053 
Interest expense on leased building the Company is deemed to own for accounting purposes1,584  1,251  1,256  816 
Adjusted net operating income$79,201  $70,596  $58,929  $47,385 
        



(a) 2018 includes net realized losses of $5.3 million and $6.0 million for the change in net unrealized gains on equity securities in the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2018, respectively, in accordance with the Company's adoption of ASU 2016-01 effective January 1, 2018.
   

Tangible Equity (per Share) and Pre-Dividend Tangible Equity (per Share)

We define tangible equity as shareholders’ equity less goodwill and intangible assets (net of amortization).  Our definition of tangible equity may not be comparable to that of other companies, and it should not be viewed as a substitute for shareholders’ equity calculated in accordance with GAAP.  We use tangible equity internally to evaluate the strength of our balance sheet and to compare returns relative to this measure.  The following table reconciles shareholders’ equity to tangible equity for December 31, 2018, September 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, and reconciles tangible equity to tangible equity before dividends for December 31, 2018.

 December 31, 2018 September 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
   Equity   Equity   Equity
($ in thousands, except for share data)Equity per share Equity per share Equity per share
Shareholders' equity$709,241  $23.65  $697,408  $23.29  $694,699  $23.39 
Goodwill and intangible assets219,368  7.31  219,718  7.34  220,165  7.41 
Tangible equity$489,873  $16.34  $477,690  $15.95  $474,534  $15.98 
Dividends to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 201836,246  1.20         
Pre-dividend tangible equity$526,119  $17.54         
                

For more information contact:

Kevin Copeland
SVP Finance & Chief Investment Officer
Investor Relations
441-278-4573