DENVER, Feb. 27, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Red Lion Hotels Corporation (the “Company”) (NYSE: RLH), a hospitality company doing business as RLH Corporation which franchises midscale and economy hotels, today reported fourth quarter and year-end 2019 results.

Fourth Quarter Highlights

  • Net loss attributable to RLH Corporation for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $(8.1) million or $(0.32) per share compared to $(7.4) million or $(0.30) per share in the prior year period. In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company recorded an $8.7 million impairment charge related to its Americas Best Value Inn and Knights Inn brand names, which was partially offset by a $7.1 million gain on the sale of two joint venture hotels. In 2018, the Company recorded a $3.5 million impairment charge related to its Guesthouse brand name.
     
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $1.0 million, compared to $2.3 million for the prior year period.

  • In the core franchised hotel segment, fourth quarter revenues grew 2.6% year-over-year to $15.3 million; Adjusted Core EBITDA was $1.6 million, compared to $1.4 million in the prior year period.

  • Completed the sale of two joint venture owned hotels, Red Lion Hotel Atlanta Airport and Hotel RL Salt Lake City receiving approximately $16.7 million in net proceeds, after closing costs, property level debt repayments, and distributions to joint venture partners.

Full Year Highlights

  • Net loss attributable to RLH Corporation was $(19.0) million or $(0.76) per share compared to net income of $1.3 million or $0.05 per diluted share in 2018. In 2019, the Company recorded a $14.1 million impairment charge related to its Washington DC hotel, and Americas Best Value Inn and Knights Inn brand names, which was partially offset by a $7.1 million gain on the sale, primarily from two joint venture owned hotels. In 2018, the Company recorded a $10.6 million impairment charge, and $42.0 million in gains on asset sales, primarily from owned hotels.
     
  • Adjusted EBITDA for 2019 was $11.6 million, compared to $15.8 million for the prior year period.

  • In the core franchise segment, revenues grew 10% year-over-year to $59.2 million. Adjusted Core EBITDA for 2019 was $4.2 million versus $0.6 million in 2018.

  • For the year, the Company executed 169 franchise agreements comprised of 27 midscale hotels and 142 economy hotels, compared to 167 contracts signed in the prior year. Of the 169 contracts signed this year, 43 are for new locations, compared to 61 new locations in the prior year.

“We have focused our efforts on our core franchise business, relationship building, owner satisfaction, and lodging development are our key objectives right now,” said RLH Corporation Interim CEO John Russell. “Engagement with our existing franchisees is improving as we prioritize return on investment enhancing initiatives for our owners. We have a restructured and refocused franchise development group, which we believe will reinvigorate sales over time. In the near term, we anticipate terminations will likely remain elevated from average industry levels. We believe these rates will show improvement as the year progresses due to our efforts in owner satisfaction. Additionally, we are aligning the cost structure of the business to RLH’s current size, revenue and profitability.”

“On behalf of the RLH Corporation Board of Directors, we are committed to improving shareholder value by supporting the initiatives the RLHC management team is pursuing for franchise system stability and other opportunities that may become available,” said Carter Pate, Chairman of the Board of Directors.  “The Board also is continuing the permanent CEO search with a strong due diligence process and active candidates.” 

Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Results 

The Company reported a net loss attributable to RLH Corporation of $(8.1) million or $(0.32) per share in the fourth quarter compared to $(7.4) million or $(0.30) per share in the prior year period. The year-over-year change was primarily related to gains from the sale of Company operated hotels in the prior year and a decrease in royalty revenue, partially offset by higher other franchise revenue and a decrease in SG&A costs. The Company recorded an $8.7 million impairment charge on intangible assets related to its Americas Best Value Inn and Knights Inn brands, which was partially offset by $7.1 million in gains on asset sales, primarily from two joint venture owned hotels.

Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter was $1.0 million compared to $2.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. The change reflects lower contribution from the sale of the owned hotels in the prior year as well as lower royalty revenues due to the impact of franchise terminations.

Royalty fees decreased 20% to $4.6 million primarily due to terminated agreements in economy hotels. Other franchise fees increased 137% to $2.0 million, primarily due to liquidated damages from terminated agreements.

Selling, general, administrative and other expenses, which include franchise sales, operations and corporate costs and bad debt expense, decreased 9% to $7.0 million. The decrease was primarily driven by a $1.6 million decrease in stock compensation related to recent organizational restructuring and a $1.2 million decrease in labor costs, partially offset by a $1.2 million increase in bad debt expense and $1.1 million related to employee separation costs. 

Core Franchise Operations

The following table provides results for the Company’s core franchised hotel segment:

($ in thousands)Fourth Quarter   Full Year 
 2019 2018Change  2019 2018Change
Revenue:          
Royalty$4,605   $5,734  (19.7)%  $22,121   $22,309  (0.8)%
Marketing, reservations and reimbursables8,743   8,365  4.5%  31,375   28,239  11.1%
Other franchise1,977   834  137.1%  5,749   3,246  77.1%
Total revenues15,325   14,933  2.6%  59,245   53,794  10.1%
Core Adjusted EBITDA:          
Core Adjusted EBITDA1,633   1,387  17.7%  4,210   587 NM

The midscale hotels achieved a RevPAR index of (1.2)% and (2.6)% for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2019, respectively.  The economy hotels achieved a RevPAR index of 0.0% and 0.2% for the fourth quarter and the year ended December 31, 2019, respectively.

For the quarter, the Company executed 26 franchise agreements comprised of four midscale hotels and 22 economy hotels, versus 59 agreements in the year-ago period. Of the 26 contracts signed during the quarter three are for new locations. Franchise sales experienced some disruption in the quarter, as regulations require a franchisor to pause entering into new franchise agreements in the event of a change in certain leadership roles, such as a change in CEO. Contract signings resumed once new franchise disclosure documents were filed and approved by regulatory agencies.

Offsetting the new contracts in the quarter were 98 terminations which included six midscale hotels and 92 economy hotels.

Royalty revenue mix for 2019 was 70% from economy hotels and 30% from midscale hotels. Midscale hotels typically take three to 18 months to open and contain future royalty rate increases, generating franchise revenue growth.  For instance, midscale contracts for new locations signed in 2019, contributed in the year $0.07 million in royalty revenue and are expected to contribute approximately $0.8 million of royalty revenue for their first 12 months of fees after opening and application of incentives and fee deferments. Royalty rates on these contracts will increase annually by 10% to 20% for the following few years. Similarly, economy contracts for new locations, signed in 2019, contributed just $0.04 million in 2019 royalty revenues and are expected to contribute approximately $0.4 million of royalty revenue for their first 12 months of fees after opening and application of incentives and fee deferments. With the increases in midscale royalty rate as well as a higher count of midscale hotels, we anticipate that midscale hotels will account for 35% of the royalty mix in 2020.

Offsetting the new signings for the year were 274 terminations which included 23 midscale hotels and 251 economy hotels.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

RLH Corporation finished the year with cash and restricted cash of $31.8 million including $4.1 million of cash and cash equivalents held by the joint ventures. The Company had debt of $32.6 million comprised of a $10 million revolving line of credit, and $22.6 million of hotel mortgages. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had a net debt to trailing 12 months Adjusted EBITDA ratio of 0.1 times. Adjusted free cash flow for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019 was approximately $14.0 million as compared to $(15.1) million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018.

Hotel Sales

As previously announced, to increase focus on its franchising business strategy, the Company has been engaged in an ongoing hotel asset disposition program. During 2019, the Company sold, or is under contract to sell, four hotels, including the Red Lion Airport Hotel Atlanta, Hotel RL Salt Lake City, Hotel RL Washington D.C. and the Red Lion Hotel Anaheim. These four hotels contributed approximately $32.1 million in revenue and $5.0 million in EBITDA in 2019.

On November 18, 2019, the Company completed the sale of its Red Lion Airport Hotel Atlanta for $12.25 million in gross proceeds. The hotel was held in a joint venture. RLH Corporation received $4.8 million in net proceeds after closing costs and the repayment of property level mortgage. 

On December 20, 2019, the Company completed the sale of its Hotel RL Salt Lake City for $33 million in gross proceeds. The Company received approximately $11.9 million in net proceeds after closing costs, the repayment of property level mortgage debt of $11.0 million, and distributions to its joint venture partner.

Based on the two hotel sales in 2019, after the repayment of closing costs, property level debt and distributions to the joint venture partner, the Company netted $16.7 million.  Proceeds were used to retire the corporate level debt of $4.2 million.  

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, the Company completed the sale of its Hotel RL Washington D.C. for $16.35 million in gross proceeds. The Hotel RL Washington D.C. was held in a joint venture and all proceeds were applied toward the repayment of the secured term loan on the property and closing costs.

The Company has announced one hotel currently under a non-binding contract to be sold, the Red Lion Hotel Anaheim, California, which it expects to close in the first quarter of 2020.  The Red Lion Hotel Anaheim is wholly owned and unencumbered. 

In addition, the Company has listed its Hotel RL Baltimore for sale and is beginning the marketing process for the Hotel RL Olympia. The timing and proceeds of the hotel sales are subject to buyer negotiation, market conditions and the availability of buyer financing.

2020 Outlook

The Company is not providing financial guidance for 2020 at this time due to the following factors:

  • Ongoing impact and timing of the remaining hotel sales
  • Initiatives to improve franchise owner satisfaction and reduce termination trends
  • Timing and associated transition costs for the implementation of G&A reduction initiatives
  • Impacts of the hiring of a permanent CEO

The company anticipates signing 60 to 80 franchise agreements for new locations in 2020.

Conference Call Information                                                                                         

RLH Corporation will host a conference call on Thursday, February 27 at 9:00 AM Eastern Time, to discuss the results for interested investors, analyst and portfolio managers. To participate in the conference call, please dial the following number 10 minutes prior to the scheduled time: (877) 407-8289. International callers should dial (201) 689-8341.

This conference call will also be webcast live on www.rlhco.com in the Investor Relations section of the website. To listen to the live call, please go to the RLH Corporation website at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register and to download and install any necessary audio software. For those unable to participate during the live broadcast, a replay will be available at approximately 11:00 AM Eastern Time on February 27 through midnight March 12, 2020 at (877) 660-6853 or (International) (201) 612-7415, using access code 13698294. The replay will also be available shortly after the call on the RLH Corporation website.

To learn more about franchising with RLH Corporation, visit franchise.rlhco.com. We don’t wait for the future. We create it.

About RLH Corporation

Red Lion Hotels Corporation is an innovative hotel company doing business as RLH Corporation which focuses on the franchising of midscale and economy hotels. The Company strives to maximize return on invested capital for hotel owners across North America through relevant brands, industry-leading technology and forward-thinking services. For more information, please visit the company’s website at www.rlhco.com.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities law, including statements concerning plans, objectives, goals, strategies, projections of future events or performance and underlying assumptions (many of which are based, in turn, upon further assumptions). The forward-looking statements in this press release are inherently subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, risks associated with our asset light model; relationships with our franchisees and properties; competitive conditions in the lodging industry; economic cycles; changes in future demand and supply for hotel rooms; international conflicts and conditions; impact of government regulations; ability to obtain financing; changes in energy, healthcare, insurance and other operating expenses; ability to sell non-core assets; dependency upon the ability and experience of executive officers and ability to retain or replace such officers as well as other risks and uncertainties discussed in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and in other documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The forward-looking statements contained herein speak only to the date of this press release.  The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements except as required by law.

Social Media: 

www.Facebook.com/myhellorewards 
www.Twitter.com/myhellorewards 
www.Instagram.com/myhellorewards 
www.Linkedin.com/company/rlhco 

Investor Relations Contact: 

Nikki Sacks
Investor Relations
203-682-8263
investorrelations@rlhco.com 



 
RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(unaudited)
(In thousands, except footnotes and per share data)
        
 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 December 31, December 31,
 2019 2018
(Revised)
 2019 2018
(Revised)
Revenue:       
Royalty$4,605  $5,734  $22,121  $22,309 
Marketing, reservations and reimbursables8,743  8,365  31,375  28,239 
Other franchise1,977  834  5,749  3,246 
Company operated hotels11,190  13,263  55,029  82,021 
Other1  2  14  34 
Total revenues26,516  28,198  114,288  135,849 
Operating expenses:       
Selling, general, administrative and other expenses6,968  7,636  29,420  31,681 
Company operated hotels11,862  12,390  48,612  67,314 
Marketing, reservations and reimbursables7,204  7,711  29,292  27,937 
Depreciation and amortization3,375  4,289  14,567  17,003 
Asset impairment8,746  3,482  14,128  10,582 
(Gain) loss on asset dispositions, net(7,112) 73  (7,067) (42,021)
Transaction and integration costs196  23  632  2,219 
Total operating expenses31,239  35,604  129,584  114,715 
Operating income (loss)(4,723) (7,406) (15,296) 21,134 
Other income (expense):       
Interest expense(1,467) (843) (5,157) (6,209)
Loss on early retirement of debt(264)   (428) (794)
Other income, net40  51  161  265 
Total other income (expense)(1,691) (792) (5,424) (6,738)
Income (loss) before taxes(6,414) (8,198) (20,720) 14,396 
Income tax expense (benefit)(423) 168  253  (71)
Net income (loss)(5,991) (8,366) (20,973) 14,467 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(2,096) 950  1,944  (13,129)
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss) attributable to RLH Corporation$(8,087) $(7,416) $(19,029) $1,338 
        
Earnings (loss) per share - basic$(0.32) $(0.30) $(0.76) $0.05 
Earnings (loss) per share - diluted$(0.32) $(0.30) $(0.76) $0.05 
        
Weighted average shares - basic25,145  24,564  $24,931  $24,392 
Weighted average shares - diluted25,145  24,564  $24,931  $25,477 
        
Non-GAAP Financial Measures: (1)       
EBITDA$(1,572) $(3,066) $(996) $37,608 
Adjusted EBITDA$968  $2,308  $11,592  $15,766 
(1) The definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and how those measures relate to net income (loss) are discussed further in this release under Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.
 


 
RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
(In thousands, except share data)
  December 31,
  2019 2018
(Revised)
ASSETS    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $29,497  $17,034 
Restricted cash 2,311  2,755 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,589 and $2,345, respectively 15,143  18,575 
Notes receivable, net 5,709  2,103 
Other current assets 5,849  6,218 
Total current assets 58,509  46,685 
Property and equipment, net 68,668  115,522 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 48,283   
Goodwill 18,595  18,595 
Intangible assets, net 48,612  60,910 
Other assets, net 3,851  8,075 
Total assets $246,518  $249,787 
LIABILITIES    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable $5,510  $5,322 
Accrued payroll and related benefits 2,709  5,402 
Other accrued liabilities 5,469  6,294 
Long-term debt, due within one year 16,984  25,056 
Operating lease liabilities, due within one year 4,809   
Total current liabilities 35,481  42,074 
Long-term debt, due after one year, net of debt issuance costs 5,576  9,114 
Line of credit, due after one year 10,000  10,000 
Operating lease liabilities, due after one year 46,592   
Deferred income and other long-term liabilities 1,105  2,245 
Deferred income taxes 743  772 
Total liabilities 99,497  64,205 
Commitments and contingencies    
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY    
RLH Corporation stockholders' equity:    
Preferred stock - 5,000,000 shares authorized; $0.01 par value; no shares issued or outstanding    
Common stock - 50,000,000 shares authorized; $0.01 par value; 25,148,005 and 24,570,158 shares issued and outstanding 251  246 
Additional paid-in capital, common stock 181,608  182,018 
Accumulated deficit (36,875) (17,846)
Total RLH Corporation stockholders' equity 144,984  164,418 
Noncontrolling interest 2,037  21,164 
Total stockholders’ equity 147,021  185,582 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $246,518  $249,787 
         


 
RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(In thousands)
  Years Ended December 31,
  2019 2018
(Revised)
Operating activities:    
Net income (loss) $(20,973) $14,467 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 14,567  17,003 
Noncash PIK interest and amortization of debt issuance costs 1,077  942 
Amortization of key money and contract costs 1,166  748 
Amortization of contract liabilities (1,167) (753)
Gain on asset dispositions, net (7,067) (42,021)
Noncash loss on early retirement of debt 276  794 
Asset impairment 14,128  10,582 
Deferred income taxes (29) (1,302)
Stock based compensation expense 1,780  3,955 
Provision for doubtful accounts 3,935  1,014 
Fair value adjustments to contingent consideration   581 
Change in current assets and liabilities, net of business acquired:    
Accounts receivable (89) (3,644)
Key money disbursements (857) (5,695)
Other current assets (248) (1,231)
Accounts payable 380  1,249 
Other accrued liabilities (1,497) (203)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 5,382  (3,514)
Investing activities:    
Capital expenditures (4,939) (8,615)
Acquisition of Knights Inn   (27,249)
Net proceeds from disposition of property and equipment 44,137  113,748 
Collection of notes receivable 283  62 
Advances on notes receivable (90) (1,048)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 39,391  76,898 
Financing activities:    
Borrowings on long-term debt, net of discounts 32,935  30,000 
Repayment of long-term debt and finance leases (45,943) (107,999)
Proceeds from line of credit borrowing   10,000 
Debt issuance costs (253) (1,282)
Buyout of joint venture interest   (304)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest (17,559) (21,457)
Contingent consideration paid for Vantage Hospitality acquisition   (7,000)
Stock-based compensation awards canceled to settle employee tax withholding (2,150) (647)
Stock option and stock purchase plan issuances, net and other 216  236 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (32,754) (98,453)
Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:    
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 12,019  (25,069)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year 19,789  44,858 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year $31,808  $19,789 
         


A summary of our open franchise and company operated hotels as of December 31, 2019, including the approximate number of available rooms, is provided below:

RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Additional Hotel Statistics
(unaudited)
             
  Midscale Brand Economy Brand Total
  Hotels Total
Available
Rooms
 Hotels Total
Available
Rooms
 Hotels Total
Available
Rooms
Beginning quantity, January 1, 2019 112  15,900  1,215  69,800  1,327  85,700 
Newly opened 8  700  32  1,600  40  2,300 
Change in brand / adjustments (1) (1) 100  (30) (1,800) (31) (1,700)
Terminated properties (23) (3,200) (251) (15,400) (274) (18,600)
Ending quantity, December 31, 2019 96  13,500  966  54,200  1,062  67,700 

(1) During the fourth quarter of 2019 we identified a number of errors in our contract tracking system, primarily related to the status of acquired contracts from acquisitions. The impact of these adjustments is reflected on this line.


A summary of activity relating to our open midscale franchise and company operated hotels by brand from January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019 is provided below:

RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Additional Hotel Statistics
(unaudited)
             
Midscale Brand Hotels Hotel RL Red Lion
Hotel
 Red Lion
Inns and
Suites
 Signature Other Total
Beginning quantity, January 1, 2019 8  46  43  2  13  112 
Newly opened 1    5  2    8 
Change in brand / adjustments   1  1    (3) (1)
Terminated properties   (8) (9)   (6) (23)
Ending quantity, December 31, 2019 9  39  40  4  4  96 
             
Ending rooms, December 31, 2019 1,400  8,000  3,300  300  500  13,500 


A summary of activity relating to our open economy franchise hotels by brand from January 1, 2019 through is provided December 31, 2019 below:

RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Additional Hotel Statistics
(unaudited)
               
Economy Brand Hotels ABVI and
CBVI
 Knights
Inn
 Country
Hearth
 Guest
House
 Signature
Inn
 Other Total
Beginning quantity, January 1, 2019 777  332  53  27  2  24  1,215 
Newly opened 28  2  1  1      32 
Change in brand / adjustments (1) (7) (20)       (3) (30)
Terminated properties (141) (82) (7) (9) (2) (10) (251)
Ending quantity, December 31, 2019 657  232  47  19    11  966 
               
Ending rooms, December 31, 2019 34,900  14,100  2,300  1,300    1,600  54,200 

(1) During the fourth quarter of 2019 we identified a number of errors in our contract tracking system, primarily related to the status of acquired contracts from acquisitions. The impact of these adjustments is reflected on this line.


A summary of our executed franchise agreements for the year ended December 31, 2019 is provided below:

RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Additional Hotel Statistics
(unaudited)
       
  Midscale
Brand
 Economy
Brand
 Total
Executed franchise license agreements, year ended December 31, 2019:      
New locations 16  27  43 
New contracts for existing locations 11  115  126 
Total executed franchise license agreements, year ended December 31, 2019 27  142  169 


A summary of our executed franchise agreements for the year ended December 31, 2018 is provided below:

RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Additional Hotel Statistics
(unaudited)
       
  Midscale
Brand
 Economy
Brand
 Total
Executed franchise license agreements, year ended December 31, 2018:      
New locations (1) 22  39  61 
New contracts for existing locations (1) 15  91  106 
Total executed franchise license agreements, year ended December 31, 2018 37  130  167 

(1) The prior year number of executed franchise license agreements for new locations has been adjusted to exclude contracts for transfers between brands. These contracts are now reported within new contracts for existing locations.


 
RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(unaudited)
     
Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP measured defined as net cash provided by or used in operating activities less capital expenditures. The Company believes it is an important liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business.
 
Adjusted Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP measure defined as Free Cash Flow adjusted to reflect the impact of certain investing or financing cash flows such as acquisitions, proceeds from dispositions of properties, borrowings and repayments of long-term debt, and distributions to non-controlling interests. We believe this information is necessary as reflecting significant cash flows from strategic investing and financing decisions provides the most accurate overall measure of cash generated or used by the business.
 
Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow are commonly used measures of performance. We utilize these measures because management finds them a useful tool to calculate more meaningful comparisons of past, present and future cash generation and as a means to evaluate the results of core, ongoing operations. We believe they are a complement to reported net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities. Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow are not intended to represent net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, investing activities, or financing activities defined by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"), and such information should not be considered as an alternative to reported information or any other measure of performance prescribed by GAAP. In addition, other companies may calculate Free Cash Flow and, in particular, Adjusted Free Cash Flow differently than we do or may not calculate them at all, limiting the usefulness of Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow as comparative measures.
 
The following is a reconciliation of GAAP net cash provided by (used in) operating activities to non-GAAP Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
  Year Ended
December 31,
   2019
  2018
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (1) $5,382   $(3,514)
Less: Capital expenditures  (4,939)  (8,615)
Free Cash Flow  443   (12,129
Acquisition of Knights Inn  —    (27,249)
Net proceeds from disposition of property and equipment  44,137    113,748  
Borrowings on long-term debt, net of discounts  32,935    30,000  
Proceeds from line of credit borrowing  —    10,000  
Repayment of long-term debt and finance leases  (45,943)  (107,999)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest  (17,559)  (21,457)
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $14,013  $(15,086
 
(1)  Includes cash outflows for key money disbursements of $0.9 million and $5.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 


 
RED LION HOTELS CORPORATION
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
EBITDA is defined as net income (loss), before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.  The Company believes it is a useful financial performance measure due to the significance of the long-lived assets and level of indebtedness.
 
Adjusted EBITDA is an additional measure of financial performance.  The Company believes that the inclusion or exclusion of certain special items, such as gains and losses on asset dispositions and impairments, is necessary to provide the most accurate measure of core operating results and as a means to evaluate comparative results. Adjusted EBTIDA also excludes the effect of non-cash stock compensation expense. We believe that the exclusion of this item is consistent with the purposes of the measure described below.
 
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are commonly used measures of performance in the industry. RLH Corporation utilizes these measures because management finds them a useful tool to calculate more meaningful comparisons of past, present and future operating results and as a means to evaluate the results of core, ongoing operations. The Company believes they are a complement to reported operating results.  EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not intended to represent net income (loss) defined by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP), and such information should not be considered as an alternative to reported information or any other measure of performance prescribed by GAAP. In addition, other companies in the industry may calculate EBITDA and, in particular, Adjusted EBITDA differently than the Company does or may not calculate them at all, limiting the usefulness of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as comparative measures.
 
Non-Core Adjusted EBITDA includes the results of our Company Operated Hotels. Core Adjusted EBITDA is comprised of franchise and all other results, including all Selling, general, administrative and other expenses. Management believes this presentation provides a meaningful comparison of our financial results as our Core Adjusted EBITDA represents the results of our Company as a franchise only business.
 
The following is a reconciliation of Core and Non-Core GAAP net income (loss) to Core and Non-Core non-GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2019:
  Core Non-Core Total
Net income (loss)$(9,552) $3,561  $(5,991)
Depreciation and amortization 1,864  1,511  3,375 
Interest expense 193  1,274  1,467 
Income tax benefit (423)   (423)
EBITDA(7,918) 6,346  (1,572)
Stock-based compensation (1) (723)   (723)
Asset impairment (2) 8,746    8,746 
Transaction and integration costs (3) 84  112  196 
Employee separation and transition costs (4) 1,066    1,066 
Loss on early retirement of debt 154  110  264 
Loss (gain) on asset dispositions (5) 121  (7,233) (7,112)
Non-income tax expense assessment (6) 103    103 
Adjusted EBITDA 1,633  (665) 968 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling interests   208  208 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to RLH Corporation$1,633  $(457) $1,176 
       
(1)  Costs represent total stock-based compensation. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses and Marketing, reservations and reimbursables on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(2) During the fourth quarter of 2019, we recognized impairments on our Americas Best Value Inn and Knights Inn brand name intangible assets. All are included within Asset impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(3) Transaction and integration costs include incremental expenses incurred for potential and executed acquisitions and dispositions of assets.
(4)  The costs relate to severance agreements with our Chief Executive Officer and other executives in November 2019. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(5)  Relates primarily to the sale of two properties in the fourth quarter of 2019, which are included within Gain on asset dispositions, net on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(6)  During the fourth quarter of 2019, we concluded that we are probable of being assessed non-income taxes in additional states of $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. We accrued these estimated taxes in Selling, general, administrative and other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
 


 
The following is a reconciliation of Core and Non-Core GAAP net income (loss) to Core and Non-Core non-GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2018:
  Core Non-Core Total
Net loss$(5,957) $(2,409) $(8,366)
Depreciation and amortization 1,610  2,679  4,289 
Interest expense 283  560  843 
Income tax expense 168    168 
EBITDA(3,896) 830  (3,066)
Stock-based compensation (1) 1,059    1,059 
Asset impairment (2) 3,482    3,482 
Transaction and integration costs (3) 23    23 
Employee separation and transition costs (4) 534    534 
Loss on asset dispositions (5) 21  91  112 
Non-income tax expense assessment (6) 164    164 
Adjusted EBITDA1,387  921  2,308 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling interests   109  109 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to RLH Corporation$1,387  $1,030  $2,417 
       
(1) Costs represent total stock-based compensation. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses, Company operated hotels and Marketing, reservations and reimbursables on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(2) During the fourth quarter of 2018 we recognized an impairment on our Guesthouse brand name. The expense is included within Asset impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(3) Transaction and integration costs include incremental expenses incurred for potential and executed acquisitions and dispositions of assets.
(4) The costs recognized relate to employee separation, primarily for a severance agreement with our Chief Marketing Officer in December 2018.  These costs are included within Marketing, reservations and reimbursables expense on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(5)  Relates to our sale of nine properties during 2018 and is included within Gain on asset dispositions, net on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(6)  During the fourth quarter of 2019, we concluded that we are probable of being assessed non-income taxes in additional states of $0.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018. We revised our previously issued 2018 Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) to accrue these estimated taxes within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses.
 


 
The following is a reconciliation of Core and Non-Core GAAP net income (loss) to Core and Non-Core non-GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2019:
  Core Non-Core Total
Net loss$(17,365) $(3,608) $(20,973)
Depreciation and amortization 7,406  7,161  14,567 
Interest expense 1,024  4,133  5,157 
Income tax expense 253    253 
EBITDA$(8,682) $7,686  $(996)
Stock-based compensation (1) 1,780    1,780 
Asset impairment (2) 8,746  5,382  14,128 
Transaction and integration costs (3) 356  276  632 
Employee separation and transition costs (4) 1,101    1,101 
Loss on early retirement of debt 154  274  428 
Loss (gain) on asset dispositions (5) 121  (7,188) (7,067)
Legal settlement expense (6)   952  952 
Non-income tax expense assessment (7) 634    634 
Adjusted EBITDA$4,210  $7,382  $11,592 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling interests   (1,457) (1,457)
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to RLH Corporation$4,210  $5,925  $10,135 
       
(1)  Costs represent total stock-based compensation. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses and Marketing, reservations and reimbursables on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(2) During 2019, we recognized impairments on our Hotel RL Washington DC joint venture property, and on our Americas Best Value Inn and Knights Inn brand name intangible assets. All are included within Asset impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(3) Transaction and integration costs include incremental expenses incurred for potential and executed acquisitions and dispositions of assets.
(4)  The costs recognized relate to employee separation, primarily for severance agreements with our Chief Executive Officer and other executives in November 2019. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(5)  Gains relate primarily to the sale of two properties in the fourth quarter of 2019, which are included within Gain on asset dispositions, net on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(6)  Legal settlement expense relates to a settlement agreement with former hotel workers regarding a wage dispute in California. This expense is included in Company operated hotels expense on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(7)  During the fourth quarter of 2019, we concluded that we are probable of being assessed non-income taxes in additional states of $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. We accrued these estimated taxes in Selling, general, administrative and other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
 


 
The following is a reconciliation of Core and Non-Core GAAP net income (loss) to Core and Non-Core non-GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2018:
  Core Non-Core Total
Net income (loss)$(18,865) $33,332  $14,467 
Depreciation and amortization 5,996  11,007  17,003 
Interest expense 928  5,281  6,209 
Income tax benefit (71)   (71)
EBITDA(12,012) 49,620  37,608 
Stock-based compensation (1) 3,955    3,955 
Asset impairment (2) 3,482  7,100  10,582 
Transaction and integration costs (3) 2,219    2,219 
Employee separation and transition costs (4) 1,509    1,509 
Loss on early retirement of debt 794    794 
Loss (gain) on asset dispositions (5) 21  (41,541) (41,520)
Non-income tax expense assessment (6) 619    619 
Adjusted EBITDA587  15,179  15,766 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling interests   (1,806) (1,806)
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to RLH Corporation$587  $13,373  $13,960 
       
(1)  Costs represent total stock-based compensation. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses, Company operated hotels and Marketing, reservations and reimbursables on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(2)  During 2018, we recognized impairments on our Hotel RL Baltimore Inner Harbor joint venture property and on our Guesthouse brand name intangible asset. All are included within Asset impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(3)  Transaction and integration costs include incremental expenses incurred for potential and executed acquisitions and dispositions of assets.
(4) The costs recognized relate to employee separation, primarily for severance agreements with our Chief Operating Officer, and President of Global Development in May 2018 and our Chief Marketing Officer in December 2018. These costs are included within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses and Marketing, reservations and reimbursables expense on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(5)  Represents the gain on our sale of nine properties during 2018, which is included within Gain on asset dispositions, net on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
(6)  During the fourth quarter of 2019, we concluded that we are probable of being assessed non-income taxes in additional states of $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. We revised our previously issued 2018 Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) to accrue these estimated taxes within Selling, general, administrative and other expenses.