IDT Corporation Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2021 Results

NEWARK, UNITED STATES


NEWARK, NJ, Oct. 06, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT), a global provider of fintech, cloud communications and traditional communications services, today announced results for the fourth quarter and full fiscal year 2021, the three and twelve months ended July 31, 2021.

IDT reported 4Q21 EPS of $1.46 and Non-GAAP EPS* of $0.66 on revenue of $390 million. FY2021 EPS was $3.70 and Non-GAAP EPS* was $1.98 on revenue of $1,447 million.

FOURTH QUARTER AND FULL FISCAL YEAR 2021 HIGHLIGHTS

(4Q21 results are compared to 4Q20, and fiscal year 2021 results are compared to fiscal year 2020. EPS, Non-GAAP EPS* and all other per share results are per diluted share.)

  • 4Q21 consolidated revenue increased 8% to $390 million from $360 million. FY2021 consolidated revenue increased 7.5% to $1,447 million from $1,346 million. Key 4Q21 business unit revenue included:
    • net2phone subscription revenue increased 46% to $11.7 million.
    • National Retail Solutions (NRS) revenue increased 76% to $8.2 million.
    • Mobile Top-Up revenue increased 41% to $136.6 million, while revenue from the broader traditional communications segment increased 10% to $358.6 million.
  • 4Q21 consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 2% to $79 million from $77 million, the eighth consecutive quarter of year-over-year increases. FY2021 consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 12% to $293 million.
  • 4Q21 consolidated income from operations increased 19% to $16.9 million from $14.2 million. FY2021 consolidated income from operations increased 217% to $56.9 million from $17.9 million.
  • 4Q21 Adjusted EBITDA* decreased 1% to $22.2 million from $22.4 million. FY2021 Adjusted EBITDA increased 59% to $74.5 million from $46.9 million.
  • 4Q21 Adjusted EBITDA* less capital expenditures (CAPEX)** increased to $18.8 million from $17.8 million. FY2021 Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX** increased to $57.6 million from $30.5 million.
  • 4Q21 EPS increased to $1.46 from $0.82 including the positive impact of the reversal of income tax valuation allowances of $0.84 per share compared to a positive impact of $0.32 per share from a similar reversal in 4Q20. FY2021 EPS increased to $3.70 from $0.81 including the positive impact of a reversal of income tax valuation allowances of $1.78 per share compared to a positive impact of $0.32 per share in FY2020.
  • 4Q21 Non-GAAP EPS* - which excludes the positive impacts of the income tax valuation allowance reversals – increased to $0.66 from $0.62. FY2021 Non-GAAP EPS* increased to $1.98 from $0.86.
  • Following the quarter close, IDT announced that NRS had sold a 2.5% percent stake to Alta Fox Opportunities Fund, L.P., a private investment fund, for $10 million.

REMARKS BY SHMUEL JONAS, CEO

“We continued to drive strong improvement in IDT’s results during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021 powered by growth at net2phone, NRS and our Mobile Top-Up businesses.

“net2phone’s subscription revenue growth accelerated in the fourth quarter, increasing 46% year over year. Growth in our Latin American, US and Canadian markets was again very strong. Our subscription revenue margin remained robust, increasing 10 basis points to 83.5%. net2phone’s strategic focus on mid-sized businesses, multi-channel go-to-market strategies and deeply localized in-country offerings consistently generate gross margins and revenue growth metrics above UCaaS industry averages.

“NRS revenue increased by 76% year over year led by increased sales of merchant services, and specifically, NRS PAY payment processing. Advertising and data sales at NRS were also robust in the fourth quarter. At July 31st, NRS had over 14,000 active terminals and over 5,600 payment processing accounts, more than double the number of accounts a year earlier.

“Money Transfer revenue decreased by 49% compared to the year ago quarter. As we have discussed previously, transitory foreign exchange market conditions materially boosted revenue and gross profit in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and persisted through the second quarter of fiscal 2021. Absent that impact, fourth quarter fiscal 2021 revenue would have increased by 36% compared to the year ago quarter. Sequentially, Money Transfer revenue increased by over 6%.

“Our largest segment, Traditional Communications, continued to exceed our expectations. Traditional Communications revenue in the fourth quarter increased 10% year over year. Within Traditional Communications, Mobile Top-Up revenue increased by 41% powered by increased sales in its B2B channel. We expect that our efforts over the past year to expand our Mobile Top-Up business into the African market -- led by the recent acquisition of a majority stake in a mobile top-up operator with an extensive footprint in Africa, our increased focus in the B2B space, as well as the growing demand for data-heavy services worldwide -- will continue to drive Mobile Top-Up revenue growth.”

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Results
(in millions, except EPS)
  4Q21   3Q21   4Q20   4Q21 - 4Q20 change (%/$)   FY 2021   FY 2020   FY2021 -FY2020 change (%/$) 
Revenue $390  $374  $360   +8.2%  $1,447  $1,346   +7.5% 
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue $79  $73  $77   +2.1%  $293  $262   +11.9% 
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue**  20.3%  19.5%  21.5%  (120) BP   20.2%  19.5%  +70 BP 
SG&A expense $57  $55  $55   +3.4%  $218  $215   +1.7% 
Depreciation and amortization $4.4  $4.4  $4.7   (6.5)% $17.8  $20.4   (12.9)%
Severance expense  -  $0.2  $1.8   $(1.8) $0.5  $3.5   $(3.0)
Other operating (expense) gain, net $(0.8) $0.6  $(1.7)  +$0.8  $0.7  $(5.1)  +$5.8 
Income from operations $16.9  $13.9  $14.2   +$2.7  $57.0  $17.9   +$39.1 
Adjusted EBITDA* $22.2  $17.9  $22.4   +$(0.2)  $74.5  $46.9   +$27.6 
Adjusted EBTIDA* less CAPEX** $18.8  $13.2  $17.8   +$1.0  $57.6  $30.5   +$27.1 
Net income attributable to IDT $38.7  $36.3  $21.5   +$17.2  $96.5  $21.4   +$75.1 
EPS $1.46  $1.39  $0.82   +$0.64  $3.70  $0.81   +$2.89 
Non-GAAP net income* $17.4  $12.3  $16.3   +$1.1  $51.5  $22.8   +$28.7 
Non-GAAP EPS* $0.66  $0.47  $0.62   +$0.04  $1.98  $0.86   +$1.12 

* Throughout this release, Adjusted EBITDA, Non-GAAP net income and Non-GAAP EPS are Non-GAAP measures intended to provide useful information that supplements IDT’s or the relevant segment’s results in accordance with GAAP. Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures at the end of this release for an explanation of these terms and their respective reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

** Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue, Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX, and Monthly Average Revenue per Terminal are key performance metrics. Please refer to the Explanation of Key Performance Metrics at the end of this release for an explanation of these metrics.

RESULTS BY SEGMENT

(Results are for 4Q21 and are compared to 4Q20. Results for FY2021 are compared to FY2020 except where otherwise noted)

  Fintech  net2phone-UCaaS  Traditional Communications 
(in millions)  4Q21   4Q20   FY21   FY20   4Q21   4Q20   FY21   FY20   4Q21   4Q20   FY21   FY20 
Revenue $19.1  $25.9  $74.3  $59.9  $12.3  $8.6  $43.9  $31.8  $358.6  $325.8  $1,328.7  $1,254.1 
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue $11.7  $20.1  $48.2  $40.7  $10.0  $6.8  $35.8  $25.4  $57.3  $50.5  $208.9  $195.7 
SG&A expense $14.1  $10.6  $47.9  $35.8  $12.2  $9.6  $44.9  $36.3  $28.8  $33.0  $118.1  $134.1 
(Loss) income from operations $(2.9) $9.1  $(1.5) $3.4  $(3.5) $(3.9) $(14.3) $(15.1) $25.5  $11.2  $80.0  $38.9 
Adjusted EBITDA* $(2.5) $9.4  $0.2  $4.9  $(2.2) $(2.7) $(9.2) $(10.9) $28.5  $17.4  $90.8  $61.6 
Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX** $(3.1) $8.8  $(4.1) $2.5  $(3.3) $(3.9) $(14.6) $(16.4) $27.0  $15.1  $83.8  $53.9 

Fintech

Fintech comprises National Retail Solutions (NRS), an operator of a nationwide Point-Of-Sale (POS) retail network providing merchant services, digital advertising, transaction data and ancillary services, and BOSS Revolution Money Transfer, a provider of international money remittances.

In 4Q21 and 4Q20, the Fintech segment accounted for 4.9% and 7.2% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 14.8% and 25.9% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively. In FY2021 and FY2020, the Fintech segment accounted for 5.2% and 4.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 16.5% and 15.5% of revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

NRS Revenue and KPIs:

   4Q21   3Q21   4Q20   4Q21-
4Q20 change %
   FY 2021   FY 2020   FY2021 -FY2020 change % 
POS Terminals –
active at end of period
  14,000   13,100   10,000   40%            
Payment Processing Accounts  5,600   4,700   2,500   124%            
                             
NRS Revenue                            
Merchant Services and other $2,865  $2,116  $859   234% $7,805  $1,977   295%
Advertising and Data  3,064   1,958   2,116   45%  8,713   4,457   95%
SaaS Fees  950   856   596   59%  3,232   2,061   57%
POS Terminal Sales  1,338   1,454   1,105   21%  4,998   3,485   43%
Total NRS Revenue $8,217  $6,384  $4,676   76% $24,748  $11,980   107%
                             
Monthly Average Revenue per Terminal (excl. POS terminal sales revenue) $169  $131  $126   34%            
  • NRS revenue increased 76% to $8.2 million from $4.7 million, driven by the growth of payment processing accounts as well as strong increases in digital-out-of-home (DOOH) advertising, monthly terminal charges and data sales. In FY2021, NRS revenue increased 107% to $24.7 million from $12.0 million.
  • NRS’ POS terminal network comprised approximately 14,000 active POS terminals at July 31, 2021, an increase of 40% compared to a year earlier. NRS payment processing accounts increased 124% year-over-year to approximately 5,600 on July 31st.

Money Transfer Take-Aways:

  • In 4Q21, Money Transfer transactions increased 10% to 2.05 million from 1.85 million in the year ago period. In FY2021, transactions increased 34% to 7.55 million from 5.63 million in FY2020.
  • In 4Q21, Money Transfer revenue decreased 49% to $10.9 million from $21.3 million but increased 36% when excluding the impact of the previously disclosed FX market conditions that positively affected revenue and transactions during most of calendar 2020 but ceased thereafter.
  • In FY2021, Money Transfer revenue increased 3% to $49.6 million from $47.9 million, but increased 52% when excluding the impact of the transitory foreign exchange market conditions noted above.

net2phone-UCaaS

In 4Q21 and 4Q20, the net2phone-UCaaS segment accounted for 3.1% and 2.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 12.7% and 8.8% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively. In FY2021 and FY2020, the net2phone-UCaaS segment accounted for 3.0% and 2.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 12.2% and 9.7% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

net2phone-UCaaS Takeaways:

  • Total seats served increased 47% to 226,000 at July 31, 2021 from 154,000 a year earlier.
  • In 4Q21, net2phone’s UCaaS subscription revenue increased 46% to $11.7 million from $8.0 million. The revenue growth rate in South America outpaced North America, although the latter remained strong. For FY2021, subscription revenue increased 39% to $41.5 million from $29.9 million.
  • Subscription revenue less direct cost of revenue remained robust in 4Q21, increasing to 83.5% from 83.4% in 4Q20.

Traditional Communications

In 4Q21 and 4Q20, the Traditional Communications segment accounted for 92.0% and 90.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 72.5% and 65.3% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively. In FY2021 and FY2020, the Traditional Communications segment accounted for 91.8% and 93.2% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 71.3% and 74.8% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

Traditional Communications Takeaways:

  • In 4Q21, Mobile Top-Up revenue increased 41% to $136.6 million from $96.6 million, primarily as a result of continued product expansion and new growth opportunities in the B2B channel. In FY2021, Mobile Top-Up revenue increased 38% to $461.6 million from $334.4 million.
  • In 4Q21, BOSS Revolution Calling revenue decreased 10% to $112.6 million from $124.5 million. In FY2021, BOSS Revolution Calling revenue decreased 3% to $455.2 million from $468.3 million.
  • In 4Q21, Carrier Services revenue increased 6% to $97.4 million from $91.7 million. In FY2021, Carrier Services revenue decreased 8% to $361.0 million from $394.3 million.
  • In 4Q21, Traditional Communications’ revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 13% to $57.3 million from $50.5 million. In FY2021, Traditional Communications’ revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 7% to $208.9 million from $195.7 million. Both 4Q21 and FY2021 included a benefit of approximately $4 million in lower regulatory obligations.
  • In 4Q21, Traditional Communications’ Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX** increased 78% to $27.0 million from $15.1 million. In FY2021, Traditional Communications’ Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX** increased 56% to $83.8 million from $53.9 million.

NOTES ON FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Consolidated results for all periods presented include corporate overhead. Corporate G&A expense decreased to $1.7 million in 4Q21 from $2.1 million in 4Q20. FY2021 corporate G&A expense decreased to $7.5 million from $9.0 million in FY2020.

As of July 31, 2021, IDT held $161.4 million in cash, cash equivalents, debt securities and unrestricted current equity investments, with no debt. Current assets totaled $388.1 million and current liabilities totaled $339.3 million.

Net cash provided by operating activities during 4Q21 was $28.5 million compared to $41.1 million during 4Q20. Exclusive of changes in customer deposit balances at our Gibraltar-based bank, net cash provided by operating activities during 4Q21 decreased to $24.3 million from $44.2 million in 4Q20.

In FY2021, net cash provided by operating activities was $66.6 million compared to net cash used in operating activities of $29.6 million in FY2020. Exclusive of the net impact of changes in customer deposits at the Gibraltar bank, net cash provided by operating activities in FY2021 increased to $73.5 million from $40.8 million in FY2020.

Capital expenditures decreased to $3.3 million in 4Q21 from $4.2 million in 4Q20. In FY2021 capital expenditures increased to $16.8 million from $16.0 million in FY2020.

IDT EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT & SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

This release is available for download in the “Investors & Media” section of the IDT Corporation website (https://www.idt.net/investors-and-media) and has been filed on a current report (Form 8-K) with the SEC.

IDT will host an earnings conference call beginning at 5:30 PM Eastern today with management’s discussion of results, outlook and strategy followed by Q&A with investors.

To listen to the call and participate in the Q&A, dial toll-free 1-888-506-0062 (from US) or 1-973-528-0011 (international) and request the IDT Corporation call (Entry Code: 398147).

A replay of the conference call will be available approximately three hours after the call concludes through October 13, 2021. To access the call replay, dial toll free 1-877-481-4010 (from US) or 1-919-882-2331 (international) and provide this replay number: 42925. A replay will also be accessible via streaming audio at the IDT investor relations website.

ABOUT IDT:

IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) is a global provider of fintech, cloud communications and traditional communications services. We make it easier for families to connect, support and share across international borders. We also enable businesses to transact and communicate with their customers with enhanced intelligence and insight.

Our BOSS Revolution branded money transfer, mobile top-up and international calling services make sending money and speaking with friends and family around the world convenient and reliable. National Retail Solutions’ (NRS) point-of-sale retail network enables independent retailers to operate and process transactions more effectively while providing advertisers and consumer marketers with unprecedented reach into underserved consumer markets. net2phone’s unified communications as a service solution provides businesses with intelligently integrated cloud communications and collaboration solutions across channels and devices. Our IDT Carrier Services and IDT Express wholesale offerings enable communications companies to provision and manage international voice and SMS services.

All statements above that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate,” “target” and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors. Our filings with the SEC provide detailed information on such statements and risks, and should be consulted along with this release. To the extent permitted under applicable law, IDT assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

CONTACT:

IDT Corporation Investor Relations
Bill Ulrey
william.ulrey@idt.net
973-438-3838

IDT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

July 31
(in thousands)
 2021  2020 
   (unaudited)     
ASSETS        
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash and cash equivalents $107,147  $84,860 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents  119,769   116,362 
Debt securities  14,012   18,363 
Equity investments  42,434   5,964 
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,438 and $6,085 at July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively  46,644   44,166 
Disbursement prefunding  27,656   25,325 
Prepaid expenses  13,694   7,790 
Other current assets  16,779   19,302 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS  388,135   322,132 
Property, plant, and equipment, net  30,829   30,061 
Goodwill  14,897   12,858 
Other intangibles, net  7,578   3,959 
Equity investments  11,654   8,833 
Operating lease right-of-use assets  7,671   9,490 
Deferred income tax assets, net  41,502   8,512 
Other assets  10,389   8,905 
TOTAL ASSETS $512,655  $404,750 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES:        
Trade accounts payable $24,502  $25,150 
Accrued expenses  129,085   125,544 
Deferred revenue  42,293   40,114 
Customer deposits  115,524   115,992 
Other current liabilities  27,930   18,070 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES  339,334   324,870 
Operating lease liabilities  5,473   7,353 
Other liabilities  1,234   1,388 
TOTAL LIABILITIES  346,041   333,611 
Commitments and contingencies        
EQUITY:        
IDT Corporation stockholders’ equity:        
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—10,000; no shares issued      
Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—35,000; 3,272 shares issued and 1,574 shares outstanding at July 31, 2021 and 2020  33   33 
Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—200,000; 26,379 and 25,961 shares issued and 24,187 and 24,345 shares outstanding at July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively  264   260 
Additional paid-in capital  278,021   277,443 
Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 1,698 and 1,698 shares of Class A common stock and 2,192 and 1,616 shares of Class B common stock at July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively  (60,413)  (56,221)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (10,183)  (7,410)
Accumulated deficit  (42,858)  (139,333)
Total IDT Corporation stockholders’ equity  164,864   74,772 
Noncontrolling interests  1,750   (3,633)
TOTAL EQUITY  166,614   71,139 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY $512,655  $404,750 

IDT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Year ended July 31
(in thousands, except per share data)
 2021  2020 
   (unaudited)     
REVENUES $1,446,990  $1,345,769 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:        
Direct cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)  1,154,048   1,084,009 
Selling, general and administrative (i)  218,467   214,846 
Depreciation and amortization  17,764   20,406 
Severance  452   3,503 
TOTAL COSTS AND EXPENSES  1,390,731   1,322,764 
Other operating gain (expense), net  731   (5,063)
Income from operations  56,990   17,942 
Interest income, net  318   1,043 
Other income (expense), net  7,916   (1,267)
Income before income taxes  65,224   17,718 
Benefit from income taxes  31,667   3,700 
NET INCOME  96,891   21,418 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (416)  12 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO IDT CORPORATION $96,475  $21,430 
         
Earnings per share attributable to IDT Corporation common stockholders:        
Basic $3.78  $0.82 
Diluted $3.70  $0.81 
         
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of earnings per share:        
Basic  25,495   26,278 
Diluted  26,053   26,441 
         
(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses $1,490  $3,856 

IDT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Year ended July 31
(in thousands)
 2021  2020 
  (unaudited)    
OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income $96,891  $21,418 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization  17,764   20,406 
Deferred income taxes  (32,793)  (3,805)
Provision for doubtful accounts receivable  1,782   3,109 
Stock-based compensation  1,490   3,856 
Other  (7,358)  352 
Changes in assets and liabilities:        
Trade accounts receivable  (3,728)  11,702 
Disbursement prefunding, prepaid expenses, other current assets, and other assets  (2,247)  (1,719)
Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses, other current liabilities, and other liabilities  (264)  (12,081)
Customer deposits at IDT Financial Services Limited (Gibraltar-based bank)  (6,906)  (70,401)
Deferred revenue  1,989   (2,428)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  66,620   (29,591)
INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Capital expenditures  (16,765)  (16,041)
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired  (3,673)  (450)
Cash acquired from acquisition of interest in variable interest entity  3,336    
Purchase of Rafael Holdings, Inc. Class B common stock and warrant  (5,000)   
Exercise of warrant to purchase shares of Rafael Holdings, Inc. Class B common stock  (1,000)   
Purchase of series B convertible preferred stock in equity method investment  (4,000)   
Purchases of debt securities and equity investments  (43,187)  (22,429)
Proceeds from maturities and sales of debt securities and redemption of equity investments  26,230   6,457 
Net cash used in investing activities  (44,059)  (32,463)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Distributions to noncontrolling interests  (848)  (934)
Payment for acquisition of warrant in variable interest entity  (791)   
Proceeds from other liabilities  729    
Repayment of other liabilities  (108)  (510)
Proceeds from note payable     10,000 
Repayment of note payable     (10,000)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options  687   276 
Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facility     1,429 
Repayments of borrowings under revolving credit facility     (1,429)
Repurchases of Class B common stock  (4,192)  (4,482)
Net cash used in financing activities  (4,523)  (5,650)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents  7,656   11,727 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents  25,694   (55,977)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year  201,222   257,199 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of year $226,916  $201,222 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION        
Cash payments made for interest $486  $388 
Cash payments made for income taxes $193  $60 
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH FINANCING AND INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Liabilities incurred for acquisition $628  $375 
Stock issued for matching contributions to the 401(k) Plan $1,042  $ 

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the

Fourth Quarter and Full Fiscal Years 2021 and 2020

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), IDT also disclosed, for 4Q21, 3Q21, 4Q20, and the full fiscal years 2021 and 2020, Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share (EPS), all of which are non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP measure is a numerical measure of a company’s performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

IDT’s measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenue less direct cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expense. Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income (loss) from operations, add depreciation and amortization, severance expense, and other operating expense, and deduct other operating gains.

IDT’s measure of non-GAAP net income starts with net income (loss) in accordance with GAAP and adds severance expense, stock-based compensation, and other operating expense, and deducts the release of valuation allowance on deferred tax assets and other operating gains.

IDT’s measure of non-GAAP EPS is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income by the diluted weighted-average shares.

These additions and subtractions are non-cash and/or non-routine items in the relevant fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 periods.

Management believes that IDT’s Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS are measures which provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses and non-routine gains and losses that may not be indicative of IDT’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS to evaluate operating performance in relation to IDT’s competitors. Disclosure of these financial measures may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, IDT has historically reported similar financial measures and believes such measures are commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting.

Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures income (loss) from operations and net income (loss), on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments’ and IDT's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

While depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, these expenses primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or capitalized in prior periods. IDT’s Adjusted EBITDA, which is exclusive of depreciation and amortization, is a useful indicator of its current performance.

Severance expense is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS. Severance expense is reflective of decisions made by management in each period regarding the aspects of IDT’s and its segments’ businesses to be focused on in light of changing market realities and other factors. While there may be similar charges in other periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of IDT’s core and continuing operations.

Other operating gain (expense), net, which is a component of income (loss) from operations, is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS. Other operating gain (expense), net includes a gain from the sale of IDT’s rights under a class action lawsuit, expense for the indemnification of a net2phone cable telephony customer related to patent infringement claims brought against the customer, legal fees net of insurance claims related to Straight Path Communications Inc.’s stockholders’ putative class action and derivative complaint, accruals for non-income related taxes related to one of IDT’s foreign entities, expense for other legal matters, and the write-off of certain assets. From time-to-time, IDT may have gains or incur costs related to non-routine legal and tax matters, and write-off assets, however, these various items generally do not occur each quarter. IDT believes the gain and losses from these non-routine matters are not components of IDT’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results.

The other calculation of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenue less direct cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expense. As the other excluded items are not reflected in this calculation, they are excluded automatically and there is no need to make additional adjustments. This calculation results in the same Adjusted EBITDA amount and its utility and significance is as explained above.

Stock-based compensation recognized by IDT and other companies may not be comparable because of the variety of types of awards as well as the various valuation methodologies and subjective assumptions that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from IDT’s calculation of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results per share of IDT’s core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for IDT for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees’ compensation that impacts their performance.

In 4Q21, 3Q21 and 4Q20, due to continued and projected profitability, IDT was able to release a portion of its valuation allowance that was recorded against its deferred tax assets. These income tax benefits are excluded from IDT’s non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS because they are only indirectly related to the current results of IDT’s core operations.

Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, income (loss) from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income (loss), basic and diluted earnings per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, IDT’s measurements of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following are reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which are, (a) for Adjusted EBITDA, income (loss) from operations for IDT’s reportable segments and net income for IDT on a consolidated basis, (b) for non-GAAP net income, net income, and (c) for non-GAAP EPS, diluted earnings per share.

IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited) in millions. Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions


  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended July 31, 2021
(4Q21)
               
Adjusted EBITDA $22.2  $28.5  $(2.2) $(2.5) $(1.7)
Subtract:                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.4   2.6   1.4   0.5   - 
Severance expense  -   -   -   -   - 
Other operating expense, net  0.8   0.4   -   -   0.4 
Income (loss) from operations  16.9  $25.5  $(3.5) $(2.9) $(2.1)
Interest income, net  0.1                 
Other income, net  2.3                 
Income before income taxes  19.3                 
Benefit from income taxes  19.5                 
Net income  38.9                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.2)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $38.7                 


  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended April 30, 2021
(3Q21)
                    
Adjusted EBITDA $17.9  $22.8  $(2.3) $(1.0) $(1.7)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.4   2.5   1.4   0.5   - 
Severance expense  0.2   0.2   -   -   - 
Other operating (gain) expense, net  (0.6)  0.1   -   (0.1)  (0.6)
Income (loss) from operations  13.9  $20.0  $(3.7) $(1.4) $(1.1)
Interest income, net  0.1                 
Other income, net  3.8                 
Income before income taxes  17.8                 
Benefit from income taxes  18.6                 
Net income  36.4                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.1)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $36.3                 

IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited) in millions. Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.

  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communic-ations  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended July 31, 2020
(4Q20)
               
Adjusted EBITDA $22.4  $17.4  $(2.7) $9.4  $(2.1)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.7   3.1   1.2   0.3   - 
Severance expense  1.8   1.8   -   -   - 
Other operating expense, net  1.7   1.4   -   -   0.3 
Income (loss) from operations  14.2  $11.2  $(3.9) $9.1  $(2.5)
Interest income, net  0.5                 
Other income, net  0.1                 
Income before income taxes  14.8                 
Benefit from income taxes  6.7                 
Net income  21.5                 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.1)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $21.5                 

IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited) in millions. Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions

  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Year Ended July 31, 2021 (FY 2021)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $74.5  $90.8  $(9.2) $0.2  $(7.5)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  17.8   11.0   5.0   1.8   0.1 
Severance expense  0.5   0.5   -   -   - 
Other operating (gain) expense, net  (0.7)  (0.6)  0.1   -   (0.2)
Income (loss) from operations  57.0  $80.0  $(14.3) $(1.5) $(7.4)
Interest income, net  0.3                 
Other income, net  7.9                 
Income before income taxes  65.2                 
Benefit from income taxes  31.7                 
Net income  96.9                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.4)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $96.5                 


  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Year Ended July 31, 2020 (FY 2020)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $46.9  $61.6  $(10.9) $4.9  $(9.0)
Subtract:                    
Depreciation and amortization  20.4   14.8   4.1   1.5   0.1 
Severance expense  3.5   3.5   -   -   - 
Other operating expense, net  5.1   4.5   0.1   -   0.5 
Income (loss) from operations  17.9  $38.9  $(15.1) $3.4  $(9.7)
Interest income, net  1.0                 
Other expense, net  (1.3)                
Income before income taxes  17.7                 
Benefit from income taxes  3.7                 
Net income  21.4                 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  -                 
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $21.4                 

IDT Corporation
Reconciliations of Net Income to Non-GAAP Net Income and Earnings per share to Non-GAAP EPS
(unaudited) in millions, except per share data. Figures may not foot due to rounding to millions.

  4Q21  3Q21  4Q20  FY 2021  FY 2020 
Net income $38.9  $36.4  $21.6  $96.9  $21.4 
Adjustments (add) subtract:                    
Stock-based compensation  (0.3)  (0.3)  (0.5)  (1.5)  (3.8)
Severance expense  -   (0.2)  (1.8)  (0.5)  (3.5)
Other operating gain (expense), net  (0.8)  0.6   (1.7)  0.7   (5.1)
Release of DTA valuation allowance  22.4   24.0   8.4   46.4   8.4 
Total adjustments  21.3   24.1   4.4   45.1   (4.0)
Income tax effect of total adjustments  (0.2)  -   (0.9)  (0.3)  (2.6)
   (21.5)  (24.1)  (5.3)  (45.4)  1.4 
Non-GAAP net income $17.4  $12.3  $16.3  $51.5  $22.8 
                     
Earnings per share:                    
Basic $1.52  $1.42  $0.82  $3.78  $0.82 
Total adjustments  (0.84)  (0.94)  (0.20)  (1.76)  0.05 
Non-GAAP - basic $0.68  $0.48  $0.62  $2.02  $0.87 
                     
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of basic earnings per share  25.6   25.5   26.1   25.5   26.3 
                     
Diluted $1.46  $1.39  $0.82  $3.70  $0.81 
Total adjustments  (0.80)  (0.92)  (0.20)  (1.72)  0.05 
Non-GAAP - diluted $0.66  $0.47  $0.62  $1.98  $0.86 
                     
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of diluted earnings per share  26.5   26.1   26.3   26.1   26.4 

Explanation of Key Performance Metrics

Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue is a financial metric that measures changes in our revenue relative to changes in direct cost of revenue during the same period. Revenue and direct cost of revenue in this metric are from IDT’s consolidated statements of operations in accordance with GAAP. Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue is a ratio in which revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue is the numerator and revenue are the denominator. It is useful for monitoring trends in the generation of revenue as well as for evaluating the net contribution of IDT’s revenue.

Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX is also a financial metric, which is calculated by deriving Adjusted EBITDA as described above and subtracting capital expenditures in accordance with GAAP as reported in the consolidated statements of cash flows. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX to evaluate the level of capital investment needed to support operations, and as a reasonable proxy for the cash generated by IDT’s businesses. Because IDT’s capital expenditures reflect an allocation of capital for longer term growth, IDT seeks to strike an appropriate balance between near-term and long-term financial performance as reflected in Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX. IDT’s measurement of Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Monthly Average Revenue per Terminal is also a financial metric, which is calculated by dividing NRS’ revenue in accordance with GAAP during a period, excluding revenue from POS terminal sales, by the average number of active POS terminals during the period. The result is divided by three when the period is a fiscal quarter. The average number of active POS terminals is calculated by adding the beginning and ending number of active POS terminals during the period and dividing by two. Monthly Average Revenue per Terminal is useful for comparisons of NRS’ revenue per customer to prior periods and to competitors and others in the market, as well as for forecasting future revenue from the customer base.

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