Carpenter Technology Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Results

PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 26, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Carpenter Technology Corporation (NYSE: CRS) (the “Company”) today announced financial results for the fiscal first quarter ended September 30, 2023. For the quarter, the Company reported net income of $43.9 million, or $0.88 earnings per diluted share.

First Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Highlights

  • Exceeded expectations with reported earnings per diluted share of $0.88, up from $0.78 the previous quarter
  • Achieved operating income of $69.0 million, up from $62.9 million in the previous quarter
  • Specialty Alloys Operations segment exceeded expectations with operating income of $80.8 million, up from $80.0 million in the previous quarter
  • Specialty Alloys Operations segment adjusted operating margin reached 19.4 percent, up from 16.8 percent in the previous quarter

“On our last earnings call, we expected the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 would represent a meaningful improvement compared to the historical trend of a sequential decline in profits in the first quarter of a fiscal year. Building on our strong operating momentum in fiscal year 2023, we exceeded our expectations and reported first quarter operating income of $69.0 million, a 10 percent increase sequentially,” said Tony R. Thene, President and CEO of Carpenter Technology.

“Notably, the Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) segment demonstrated improvement, reaching $80.8 million of operating income, up from $80.0 million in our recent fourth quarter. SAO reached adjusted operating margin of 19.4 percent, a meaningful sequential increase over last quarter’s 16.8 percent.”

“Demand for our material solutions across our end-use markets remains strong. We continue to see our backlog grow, setting new records every quarter, with lead times extending further even as we are actively managing incoming orders. In this demand environment we are well-positioned to continue to drive profit margin expansion through productivity improvements, product mix optimization and higher prices.”

“In addition to the strong operating performance, we generated $7.4 million of cash from operating activities in the current first quarter as compared with $78.0 million of cash used for operating activities in the prior year first quarter.”

“Looking ahead, we expect operating income for the second quarter to be in line with the first quarter, in the range of $66.0 million to $72.0 million. This projection would represent the second most profitable first half of a fiscal year on record and we anticipate an even stronger second half of fiscal year 2024. We have realized meaningful increases in our productivity over the last several quarters, especially in SAO, as our newer shop-floor employees gain experience. However, we still have plenty of runway – we have yet to return to our pre-COVID production rates – and we expect to unlock larger volumes at a few key work centers. As a result, we expect operating income to increase 28-35 percent in the second half compared to the first half of this fiscal year, resulting in $310 million to $330 million in total operating income for fiscal year 2024.”

“As previously announced, our goal is to double fiscal year 2019 operating income by fiscal year 2027 and we expect to make significant progress toward that goal in fiscal year 2024. We are well-positioned to realize our target by increasing our productivity across facilities, realizing higher prices and improving our product mix.”

“This is an exciting time at Carpenter Technology. With the backdrop of strong market demand for our broad portfolio of specialized solutions, we have leading capabilities and capacity with a difficult-to-replicate system of assets, and we continue to drive improved productivity to capture the demand.”

Financial Highlights

  Q1 Q4 Q1
($ in millions except per share amounts) FY2024 FY2023 FY2023
Net sales $651.9  $758.1 $522.9 
Net sales excluding surcharge (a) $492.8  $560.0 $375.7 
Operating income $69.0  $62.9 $8.3 
Net income (loss) $43.9  $38.4 $(6.9)
Earnings (loss) per diluted share $0.88  $0.78 $(0.14)
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities $7.4  $174.9 $(78.0)
Adjusted free cash flow (a) $(14.6) $144.1 $(91.5)
(a) Non-GAAP financial measures explained in the attached tables

Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 were $651.9 million, compared with $522.9 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, an increase of $129.0 million (or 25 percent), on a 12 percent increase in shipment volume. Net sales excluding surcharge were $492.8 million, an increase of $117.1 million (or 31 percent) from the same period a year ago.

Operating income was $69.0 million compared to operating income of $8.3 million in the prior year period. Earnings per diluted share in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 was $0.88 compared to loss of $0.14 per diluted share in the prior year first quarter. These results primarily reflect higher sales prices, strong commercial execution and improved end-use market conditions compared to the prior year period.

Cash provided from operating activities in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 was $7.4 million compared to cash used for operating activities of $78.0 million in the same quarter last year. Adjusted free cash flow in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 was negative $14.6 million, compared to negative $91.5 million in the same quarter last year. The operating cash flow and adjusted free cash flow in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 reflect improved earnings partially offset by higher cash used for working capital needs to meet growing demand. Capital expenditures in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 were $22.0 million, compared to $13.5 million in the same quarter last year.

Total liquidity, including cash and available revolver balance, was $366.4 million at the end of the first quarter of fiscal year 2024. This consisted of $18.1 million of cash and $348.3 million of available borrowing under the Company’s credit facility.

Conference Call and Webcast Presentation

Carpenter Technology will host a conference call and webcast presentation today, October 26, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. ET, to discuss the financial results of operations for the first quarter of fiscal year 2024. Please dial +1 412-317-9259 for access to the live conference call. Access to the live webcast will be available at Carpenter Technology’s website (, and a replay will soon be made available at Presentation materials used during this conference call will be available for viewing and download at

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes discussions of financial measures that have not been determined in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). A reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, accompanied by reasons why the Company believes the non-GAAP measures are important, are included in the attached schedules.

About Carpenter Technology

Carpenter Technology Corporation is a recognized leader in high-performance specialty alloy-based materials and process solutions for critical applications in the aerospace, defense, medical, transportation, energy, industrial and consumer electronics markets. Founded in 1889, Carpenter Technology has evolved to become a pioneer in premium specialty alloys, including titanium, nickel, and cobalt, as well as alloys specifically engineered for additive manufacturing (AM) processes and soft magnetics applications. More information about Carpenter Technology can be found at

Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those projected, anticipated or implied. The most significant of these uncertainties are described in Carpenter Technology's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2023, and the exhibits attached to that filing. They include but are not limited to: (1) the cyclical nature of the specialty materials business and certain end-use markets, including aerospace, defense, medical, transportation, energy, industrial and consumer, or other influences on Carpenter Technology's business such as new competitors, the consolidation of competitors, customers, and suppliers or the transfer of manufacturing capacity from the United States to foreign countries; (2) the ability of Carpenter Technology to achieve cash generation, growth, earnings, profitability, operating income, cost savings and reductions, qualifications, productivity improvements or process changes; (3) the ability to recoup increases in the cost of energy, raw materials, freight or other factors; (4) domestic and foreign excess manufacturing capacity for certain metals; (5) fluctuations in currency exchange and interest rates; (6) the effect of government trade actions; (7) the valuation of the assets and liabilities in Carpenter Technology's pension trusts and the accounting for pension plans; (8) possible labor disputes or work stoppages; (9) the potential that our customers may substitute alternate materials or adopt different manufacturing practices that replace or limit the suitability of our products; (10) the ability to successfully acquire and integrate acquisitions; (11) the availability of credit facilities to Carpenter Technology, its customers or other members of the supply chain; (12) the ability to obtain energy or raw materials, especially from suppliers located in countries that may be subject to unstable political or economic conditions; (13) Carpenter Technology's manufacturing processes are dependent upon highly specialized equipment located primarily in facilities in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and Athens, Alabama for which there may be limited alternatives if there are significant equipment failures or a catastrophic event; (14) the ability to hire and retain a qualified workforce and key personnel, including members of the executive management team, management, metallurgists and other skilled personnel; (15) fluctuations in oil and gas prices and production; (16) the impact of potential cyber attacks and information technology or data security breaches; (17) the inability of suppliers to meet obligations due to supply chain disruptions or otherwise; (18) the inability to meet increased demand, production targets or commitments; (19) the ability to manage the impacts of natural disasters, climate change, pandemics and outbreaks of contagious diseases and other adverse public health developments, such as the COVID-19 pandemic; and (20) geopolitical, economic, and regulatory risks relating to our global business, including geopolitical and diplomatic tensions, instabilities and conflicts, such as the war in Ukraine and the war between Israel and HAMAS, as well as compliance with U.S. and foreign trade and tax laws, sanctions, embargoes and other regulations. Any of these factors could have an adverse and/or fluctuating effect on Carpenter Technology's results of operations. The forward-looking statements in this document are intended to be subject to the safe harbor protection provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release or as of the dates otherwise indicated in such forward-looking statements. Carpenter Technology undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements.


(in millions, except per share data)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,
   2023  2022 
NET SALES $651.9 $522.9 
Cost of sales  527.8  468.1 
Gross profit  124.1  54.8 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  55.1  46.5 
Operating income  69.0  8.3 
Interest expense, net  12.7  12.6 
Other expense, net  4.0  3.5 
Income (loss) before income taxes  52.3  (7.8)
Income tax expense (benefit)  8.4  (0.9)
NET INCOME (LOSS) $43.9 $(6.9)
Basic $0.89 $(0.14)
Diluted $0.88 $(0.14)
Basic  49.2  48.7 
Diluted  49.9  48.7 

(in millions)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,
   2023   2022 
Net income (loss) $43.9  $(6.9)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided from (used for) operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization  33.1   32.3 
Deferred income taxes  2.4   (2.2)
Net pension expense  5.9   5.0 
Share-based compensation expense  4.4   3.6 
Net loss on disposals of property, plant and equipment  0.3   0.3 
Changes in working capital and other:    
Accounts receivable  18.4   (12.1)
Inventories  (67.8)  (121.2)
Other current assets  (19.9)  (11.5)
Accounts payable  40.3   46.7 
Accrued liabilities  (48.4)  (11.9)
Pension plan contributions  (4.6)   
Other postretirement plan contributions     (0.3)
Other, net  (0.6)  0.2 
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities  7.4   (78.0)
Purchases of property, plant, equipment and software  (22.0)  (13.5)
Net cash used for investing activities  (22.0)  (13.5)
Dividends paid  (9.9)  (9.8)
Proceeds from stock options exercised  13.8    
Withholding tax payments on share-based compensation awards  (16.8)  (3.2)
Net cash used for financing activities  (12.9)  (13.0)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  1.1   2.9 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year  44.5   154.2 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $18.1  $52.6 

(in millions)

  September 30, June 30,
   2023   2023 
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $18.1  $44.5 
Accounts receivable, net  510.8   531.3 
Inventories  706.7   639.7 
Other current assets  86.3   66.4 
Total current assets  1,321.9   1,281.9 
Property, plant, equipment and software, net  1,371.2   1,383.8 
Goodwill  241.4   241.4 
Other intangibles, net  26.8   28.7 
Deferred income taxes  6.6   6.6 
Other assets  108.9   111.5 
Total assets $3,076.8  $3,053.9 
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable $315.5  $278.1 
Accrued liabilities  133.1   181.3 
Total current liabilities  448.6   459.4 
Long-term debt  693.3   693.0 
Accrued pension liabilities  188.4   190.1 
Accrued postretirement benefits  46.9   45.8 
Deferred income taxes  172.6   170.3 
Other liabilities  97.7   99.2 
Total liabilities  1,647.5   1,657.8 
Common stock  282.6   280.7 
Capital in excess of par value  320.4   328.4 
Reinvested earnings  1,262.0   1,228.0 
Common stock in treasury, at cost  (290.2)  (298.0)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (145.5)  (143.0)
Total stockholders' equity  1,429.3   1,396.1 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $3,076.8  $3,053.9 

(in millions, except pounds sold)

 Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  2023   2022 
Pounds sold (000):   
Specialty Alloys Operations 49,992   44,562 
Performance Engineered Products 2,302   2,326 
Intersegment (2,066)  (1,998)
Consolidated pounds sold 50,228   44,890 
Net sales:   
Specialty Alloys Operations   
Net sales excluding surcharge$417.3  $305.7 
Surcharge 152.8   141.6 
Specialty Alloys Operations net sales 570.1   447.3 
Performance Engineered Products   
Net sales excluding surcharge 93.1   87.7 
Surcharge 8.7   5.5 
Performance Engineered Products net sales 101.8   93.2 
Net sales excluding surcharge (17.6)  (17.7)
Surcharge (2.4)  0.1 
Intersegment net sales (20.0)  (17.6)
Consolidated net sales$651.9  $522.9 
Operating income (loss):   
Specialty Alloys Operations$80.8  $19.9 
Performance Engineered Products 9.1   6.3 
Corporate (21.3)  (17.1)
Intersegment 0.4   (0.8)
Consolidated operating income$69.0  $8.3 

The Company has two reportable segments, Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) and Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”).

The SAO segment is comprised of Carpenter's major premium alloy and stainless steel manufacturing operations. This includes operations performed at mills primarily in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and surrounding areas as well as South Carolina and Alabama.

The PEP segment is comprised of the Company’s differentiated operations. This segment includes the Dynamet titanium business, the Carpenter Additive business and the Latrobe and Mexico distribution businesses. The businesses in the PEP segment are managed with an entrepreneurial structure to promote flexibility and agility to quickly respond to market dynamics. It is our belief this model will ultimately drive overall revenue and profit growth. The pounds sold data above for the PEP segment includes only the Dynamet and Additive businesses.

Corporate costs are comprised of executive and director compensation, and other corporate facilities and administrative expenses not allocated to the segments. Also included are items that management considers not representative of ongoing operations and other specifically-identified income or expense items.

The service cost component of net pension expense, which represents the estimated cost of future pension liabilities earned associated with active employees, is included in the operating results of the business segments. The residual net pension expense is comprised of the expected return on plan assets, interest costs on the projected benefit obligations of the plans, and amortization of actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs and is included in other expense, net.

(in millions, except per share data)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,
Net sales $651.9  $522.9 
Less: surcharge revenue  159.1   147.2 
Net sales excluding surcharge revenue $492.8  $375.7 
Operating income $69.0  $8.3 
Operating margin  10.6%  1.6%
Adjusted operating margin excluding surcharge revenue  14.0%  2.2%

Management believes that removing the impact of raw material surcharge from operating margin provides a more consistent basis for comparing results of operations from period to period, thereby permitting management to evaluate performance and investors to make decisions based on the ongoing operations of the Company. Management uses its results excluding these amounts to evaluate its operating performance and to discuss its business with investment institutions, the Company’s board of directors and others.

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities $7.4  $(78.0)
Purchases of property, plant, equipment and software  (22.0)  (13.5)
Adjusted free cash flow $(14.6) $(91.5)

Management believes that the adjusted free cash flow measure provides useful information to investors regarding the Company's financial condition because it is a measure of cash generated which management evaluates for alternative uses. Historically, the presentation of this non-GAAP financial measure included cash used for dividends paid on outstanding common stock and participating securities. Management believes that excluding cash dividends paid from adjusted free cash flow will provide a more direct comparison to operating cash flow, a GAAP-defined financial measure. Fiscal year 2023 has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

(in millions)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,
End-Use Market Excluding Surcharge Revenue:    
Aerospace and Defense $260.9 $183.5
Medical  66.6  49.8
Transportation  29.2  23.7
Energy  29.2  18.3
Industrial and Consumer  79.4  68.4
Distribution  27.5  32.0
Total net sales excluding surcharge revenue  492.8  375.7
Surcharge revenue  159.1  147.2
Total net sales $651.9 $522.9