Carpenter Technology Reports Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Results

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 25, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Carpenter Technology Corporation (NYSE: CRS) (the “Company”) today announced financial results for the fiscal second quarter ended December 31, 2023. For the quarter, the Company reported net income of $42.7 million, or $0.85 earnings per diluted share.

Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Highlights

  • Reported earnings per diluted share of $0.85
  • Achieved operating income of $69.8 million, up from $69.0 million in the previous quarter, completing the second most profitable first half on record
  • Exceeded expectations in Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) segment with operating income of $83.3 million, up from $80.8 million in the previous quarter
  • Reached adjusted operating margin of 20.0 percent in the SAO segment, up from 19.4 percent in the previous quarter
  • Generated $14.6 million of cash from operating activities

“In the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 we delivered another strong performance, generating $69.8 million of operating income,” said Tony R. Thene, President and CEO of Carpenter Technology. “Looking ahead, we are projecting $171 million to $191 million in operating income in the second half of fiscal year 2024. This would result in the most profitable year on record with $310 million to $330 million of operating income.”

“Further, our fiscal year 2024 projection would be a meaningful step towards our fiscal year 2027 goal of doubling our fiscal year 2019 operating income. And with improving productivity and expanding margins, we see opportunity to accelerate the attainment of our fiscal year 2027 goal.”

Fiscal Year 2024 Outlook

  • Unlocking capacity at key work centers, ramping to pre-COVID production rates
  • Projecting $74 million to $79 million in operating income in the third quarter
  • Expecting step up in profitability in the fourth quarter, reaching $97 million to $112 million in operating income
  • Projecting $310 million to $330 million in total operating income for fiscal year 2024; would achieve the most profitable year on record

Longer Term Fiscal Year 2027 Outlook

  • Goal to double fiscal year 2019 operating income by fiscal year 2027 (communicated at May 2023 Investor Day)
  • Target represents a 40% CAGR over the period from fiscal year 2023 to fiscal year 2027
  • Significant progress towards goal expected in fiscal year 2024
  • Strong market demand outlook for our broad portfolio of specialized solutions
  • Leading capabilities and capacity in place to achieve goal
  • Expanding capacity via higher throughput while optimizing product mix
  • Opportunity to accelerate attainment of fiscal year 2027 goal

Financial Highlights

  Q2 Q1 Q2
($ in millions except per share amounts) FY2024 FY2024 FY2023
Net sales $624.2  $651.9  $579.1 
Net sales excluding surcharge (a) $485.3  $492.8  $420.8 
Operating income $69.8  $69.0  $22.6 
Net income $42.7  $43.9  $6.2 
Earnings per diluted share $0.85  $0.88  $0.13 
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities $14.6  $7.4  $(86.4)
Adjusted free cash flow (a) $(10.7) $(14.6) $(103.9)
(a) Non-GAAP financial measures explained in the attached tables

Net sales for the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 were $624.2 million, compared with $579.1 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023, an increase of $45.1 million (or 8 percent), on a 3 percent decrease in shipment volume. Net sales excluding surcharge were $485.3 million, an increase of $64.5 million (or 15 percent) from the same period a year ago.

Operating income was $69.8 million compared to operating income of $22.6 million in the prior year period. Earnings per diluted share in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 was $0.85 compared to earnings of $0.13 per diluted share in the prior year second quarter. These results primarily reflect higher sales prices, strong commercial execution and improved end-use market conditions compared to the prior year period.

Cash provided from operating activities in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 was $14.6 million compared to cash used for operating activities of $86.4 million in the same quarter last year. Adjusted free cash flow in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 was negative $10.7 million, compared to negative $103.9 million in the same quarter last year. The operating cash flow and adjusted free cash flow in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 reflect improved earnings and less cash used for working capital needs compared to the prior year period. Capital expenditures in the second quarter of fiscal year 2024 were $25.3 million, compared to $17.5 million in the same quarter last year.

Total liquidity, including cash and available revolver balance, was $350.1 million at the end of the second quarter of fiscal year 2024. This consisted of $15.7 million of cash and $334.4 million of available borrowing under the Company’s credit facility.

Conference Call and Webcast Presentation

Carpenter Technology will host a conference call and webcast presentation today, January 25, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. ET, to discuss the financial results of operations for the second quarter of fiscal year 2024. Please dial +1 412-317-9259 for access to the live conference call. Access to the live webcast will be available at Carpenter Technology’s website (, and a replay will soon be made available at Presentation materials used during this conference call will be available for viewing and download at

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes discussions of financial measures that have not been determined in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). A reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, accompanied by reasons why the Company believes the non-GAAP measures are important, are included in the attached schedules.

About Carpenter Technology

Carpenter Technology Corporation is a recognized leader in high-performance specialty alloy-based materials and process solutions for critical applications in the aerospace, defense, medical, transportation, energy, industrial and consumer electronics markets. Founded in 1889, Carpenter Technology has evolved to become a pioneer in premium specialty alloys, including titanium, nickel, and cobalt, as well as alloys specifically engineered for additive manufacturing (AM) processes and soft magnetics applications. More information about Carpenter Technology can be found at

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those projected, anticipated or implied. The most significant of these uncertainties are described in Carpenter Technology's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2023, Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2023, and the exhibits attached to those filings. They include but are not limited to: (1) the cyclical nature of the specialty materials business and certain end-use markets, including aerospace, defense, medical, transportation, energy, industrial and consumer, or other influences on Carpenter Technology's business such as new competitors, the consolidation of competitors, customers, and suppliers or the transfer of manufacturing capacity from the United States to foreign countries; (2) the ability of Carpenter Technology to achieve cash generation, growth, earnings, profitability, operating income, cost savings and reductions, qualifications, productivity improvements or process changes; (3) the ability to recoup increases in the cost of energy, raw materials, freight or other factors; (4) domestic and foreign excess manufacturing capacity for certain metals; (5) fluctuations in currency exchange and interest rates; (6) the effect of government trade actions; (7) the valuation of the assets and liabilities in Carpenter Technology's pension trusts and the accounting for pension plans; (8) possible labor disputes or work stoppages; (9) the potential that our customers may substitute alternate materials or adopt different manufacturing practices that replace or limit the suitability of our products; (10) the ability to successfully acquire and integrate acquisitions; (11) the availability of credit facilities to Carpenter Technology, its customers or other members of the supply chain; (12) the ability to obtain energy or raw materials, especially from suppliers located in countries that may be subject to unstable political or economic conditions; (13) Carpenter Technology's manufacturing processes are dependent upon highly specialized equipment located primarily in facilities in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and Athens, Alabama for which there may be limited alternatives if there are significant equipment failures or a catastrophic event; (14) the ability to hire and retain a qualified workforce and key personnel, including members of the executive management team, management, metallurgists and other skilled personnel; (15) fluctuations in oil and gas prices and production; (16) the impact of potential cyber attacks and information technology or data security breaches; (17) the inability of suppliers to meet obligations due to supply chain disruptions or otherwise; (18) the inability to meet increased demand, production targets or commitments; (19) the ability to manage the impacts of natural disasters, climate change, pandemics and outbreaks of contagious diseases and other adverse public health developments; and (20) geopolitical, economic, and regulatory risks relating to our global business, including geopolitical and diplomatic tensions, instabilities and conflicts, such as the war in Ukraine and the war between Israel and HAMAS, and Houthi attacks on commercial shipping vessels and other naval vessels as well as compliance with U.S. and foreign trade and tax laws, sanctions, embargoes and other regulations. Any of these factors could have an adverse and/or fluctuating effect on Carpenter Technology's results of operations. The forward-looking statements in this document are intended to be subject to the safe harbor protection provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release or as of the dates otherwise indicated in such forward-looking statements. Carpenter Technology undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements.

(in millions, except per share data)
  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  December 31, December 31,
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
NET SALES $624.2  $579.1  $1,276.1  $1,102.0 
Cost of sales  501.6   509.1   1,029.4   977.2 
Gross profit  122.6   70.0   246.7   124.8 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  52.8   47.4   107.9   93.9 
Operating income  69.8   22.6   138.8   30.9 
Interest expense, net  13.0   13.0   25.7   25.6 
Other expense, net  1.6   1.9   5.5   5.4 
Income (loss) before income taxes  55.2   7.7   107.6   (0.1)
Income tax expense  12.5   1.5   21.0   0.5 
NET INCOME (LOSS) $42.7  $6.2  $86.6  $(0.6)
Basic $0.86  $0.13  $1.75  $(0.02)
Diluted $0.85  $0.13  $1.73  $(0.02)
Basic  49.7   48.8   49.4   48.7 
Diluted  50.2   49.0   50.0   48.7 

(in millions)
  Six Months Ended
  December 31,
   2023   2022 
Net income (loss) $86.6  $(0.6)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided from (used for) operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization  66.7   64.8 
Deferred income taxes  (1.0)  (0.9)
Net pension expense  11.8   9.9 
Share-based compensation expense  8.5   7.1 
Net loss on disposals of property, plant and equipment  1.2   0.6 
Changes in working capital and other:    
Accounts receivable  23.9   (58.5)
Inventories  (157.5)  (226.7)
Other current assets  (25.4)  (4.1)
Accounts payable  37.8   62.1 
Accrued liabilities  (26.8)  (12.1)
Pension plan contributions  (4.8)   
Other postretirement plan contributions  (0.7)  (1.5)
Other, net  1.6   (4.6)
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities  21.9   (164.5)
Purchases of property, plant, equipment and software  (47.3)  (31.0)
Net cash used for investing activities  (47.3)  (31.0)
Short-term credit agreement borrowings, net change  13.9   41.2 
Credit agreement borrowings  46.5   60.1 
Credit agreement repayments  (46.5)  (20.1)
Dividends paid  (19.8)  (19.7)
Proceeds from stock options exercised  19.4    
Withholding tax payments on share-based compensation awards  (18.0)  (3.4)
Net cash (used for) provided from financing activities  (4.5)  58.1 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  1.1   3.2 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year  44.5   154.2 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $15.7  $20.0 

(in millions)
  December 31, June 30,
   2023   2023 
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $15.7  $44.5 
Accounts receivable, net  508.4   531.3 
Inventories  797.8   639.7 
Other current assets  88.3   66.4 
Total current assets  1,410.2   1,281.9 
Property, plant, equipment and software, net  1,364.2   1,383.8 
Goodwill  241.4   241.4 
Other intangibles, net  25.4   28.7 
Deferred income taxes  6.7   6.6 
Other assets  111.3   111.5 
Total assets $3,159.2  $3,053.9 
Current liabilities:    
Short-term credit agreement borrowings $13.9  $ 
Accounts payable  313.4   278.1 
Accrued liabilities  158.4   181.3 
Total current liabilities  485.7   459.4 
Long-term debt  693.6   693.0 
Accrued pension liabilities  191.2   190.1 
Accrued postretirement benefits  47.2   45.8 
Deferred income taxes  168.8   170.3 
Other liabilities  98.9   99.2 
Total liabilities  1,685.4   1,657.8 
Common stock  283.2   280.7 
Capital in excess of par value  327.9   328.4 
Reinvested earnings  1,294.8   1,228.0 
Common stock in treasury, at cost  (289.7)  (298.0)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (142.4)  (143.0)
Total stockholders' equity  1,473.8   1,396.1 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $3,159.2  $3,053.9 

(in millions, except pounds sold)
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 December 31, December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Pounds sold (000):       
Specialty Alloys Operations 50,114   49,442   100,104   94,006 
Performance Engineered Products 2,318   2,978   4,620   5,304 
Intersegment (3,350)  (1,920)  (5,414)  (3,920)
Consolidated pounds sold 49,082   50,500   99,310   95,390 
Net sales:       
Specialty Alloys Operations       
Net sales excluding surcharge$416.2  $346.2  $833.4  $651.9 
Surcharge 133.2   149.6   286.0   291.3 
Specialty Alloys Operations net sales 549.4   495.8   1,119.4   943.2 
Performance Engineered Products       
Net sales excluding surcharge 87.9   98.0   181.0   185.6 
Surcharge 7.8   8.7   16.4   14.4 
Performance Engineered Products net sales 95.7   106.7   197.4   200.0 
Net sales excluding surcharge (18.8)  (23.4)  (36.3)  (41.0)
Surcharge (2.1)     (4.4)  (0.2)
Intersegment net sales (20.9)  (23.4)  (40.7)  (41.2)
Consolidated net sales$624.2  $579.1  $1,276.1  $1,102.0 
Operating income (loss):       
Specialty Alloys Operations$83.3  $30.3  $164.1  $50.2 
Performance Engineered Products 7.1   9.3   16.2   15.6 
Corporate (20.7)  (16.4)  (42.0)  (33.5)
Intersegment 0.1   (0.6)  0.5   (1.4)
Consolidated operating income$69.8  $22.6  $138.8  $30.9 

The Company has two reportable segments, Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) and Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”).

The SAO segment is comprised of Carpenter's major premium alloy and stainless steel manufacturing operations. This includes operations performed at mills primarily in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and surrounding areas as well as South Carolina and Alabama.

The PEP segment is comprised of the Company’s differentiated operations. This segment includes the Dynamet titanium business, the Carpenter Additive business and the Latrobe and Mexico distribution businesses. The businesses in the PEP segment are managed with an entrepreneurial structure to promote flexibility and agility to quickly respond to market dynamics. It is our belief this model will ultimately drive overall revenue and profit growth. The pounds sold data above for the PEP segment includes only the Dynamet and Additive businesses.

Corporate costs are comprised of executive and director compensation, and other corporate facilities and administrative expenses not allocated to the segments. Also included are items that management considers not representative of ongoing operations and other specifically-identified income or expense items.

The service cost component of net pension expense, which represents the estimated cost of future pension liabilities earned associated with active employees, is included in the operating results of the business segments. The residual net pension expense is comprised of the expected return on plan assets, interest costs on the projected benefit obligations of the plans, and amortization of actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs and is included in other expense, net.

(in millions, except per share data)
  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  December 31, December 31,
Net sales $624.2  $579.1  $1,276.1  $1,102.0 
Less: surcharge revenue  138.9   158.3   298.0   305.5 
Net sales excluding surcharge revenue $485.3  $420.8  $978.1  $796.5 
Operating income $69.8  $22.6  $138.8  $30.9 
Operating margin  11.2%  3.9%  10.9%  2.8%
Adjusted operating margin excluding surcharge revenue  14.4%  5.4%  14.2%  3.9%

 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 December 31, December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net sales $549.4  $495.8  $95.7  $106.7  $1,119.4  $943.2  $197.4  $200.0 
Less: surcharge revenue  133.2   149.6   7.8   8.7   286.0   291.3   16.4   14.4 
Net sales excluding surcharge revenue $416.2  $346.2  $87.9  $98.0  $833.4  $651.9  $181.0  $185.6 
Operating income $83.3  $30.3  $7.1  $9.3  $164.1  $50.2  $16.2  $15.6 
Operating margin  15.2%  6.1%  7.4%  8.7%  14.7%  5.3%  8.2%  7.8%
Adjusted operating margin excluding surcharge revenue  20.0%  8.8%  8.1%  9.5%  19.7%  7.7%  9.0%  8.4%

Management believes that removing the impact of raw material surcharge from operating margin provides a more consistent basis for comparing results of operations from period to period, thereby permitting management to evaluate performance and investors to make decisions based on the ongoing operations of the Company. Management uses its results excluding these amounts to evaluate its operating performance and to discuss its business with investment institutions, the Company’s board of directors and others.

  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  December 31, December 31,
ADJUSTED FREE CASH FLOW  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities $14.6  $(86.4) $21.9  $(164.5)
Purchases of property, plant, equipment and software  (25.3)  (17.5)  (47.3)  (31.0)
Adjusted free cash flow $(10.7) $(103.9) $(25.4) $(195.5)

Management believes that the adjusted free cash flow measure provides useful information to investors regarding the Company's financial condition because it is a measure of cash generated which management evaluates for alternative uses. Historically, this non-GAAP financial measure included cash used for dividends paid on outstanding common stock and participating securities. Management believes that excluding cash dividends paid from adjusted free cash flow will provide a more direct comparison to operating cash flow, a GAAP-defined financial measure. Fiscal year 2023 has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

(in millions)
  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  December 31, December 31,
NET SALES BY END-USE MARKET  2023   2022   2023   2022 
End-Use Market Excluding Surcharge Revenue:        
Aerospace and Defense $246.7  $200.4  $507.8  $383.8 
Medical  73.0   62.7   139.5   112.5 
Transportation  26.8   27.3   56.0   51.0 
Energy  36.8   22.6   66.0   40.9 
Industrial and Consumer  80.2   78.6   159.6   147.0 
Distribution  21.8   29.2   49.2   61.3 
Total net sales excluding surcharge revenue  485.3   420.8   978.1   796.5 
Surcharge revenue  138.9   158.3   298.0   305.5 
Total net sales $624.2  $579.1  $1,276.1  $1,102.0 

Investor Inquiries:
John Huyette
+1 610-208-2061
Media Inquiries:
Heather Beardsley
+1 610-208-2278