Thailand Steel Market Analysis and Outlook 2023-2032: Factors Influencing Development, Supply & Demand Forecasts, Analysis on Investment Opportunities

Dublin, Jan. 30, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "Thailand Steel Industry Research Report 2023-2032" report has been added to's offering.

Thailand is the second largest economy in ASEAN after Indonesia, with a total land area of 513,120 square kilometers. As of the end of 2022, Thailand has a population of approximately 70 million.

Thailand has an annual steel production capacity of about 10 million tons, mainly using the electric arc furnace (EAF) production process. The major steel companies in Thailand are GSteel Steel, GJSteel Steel, and Tata Steel Thailand. In December 2021, Nippon Steel announced that it had paid US$419 million to acquire a 49.99% stake in GSteel Steel and a 40.45% stake in GJSteel Steel. As of now, no new capacity expansion projects have been announced by Thai officials.

Considering efficiency and cost issues, the equipment utilization rate of Thai steel companies is not very high. Thailand's domestic demand for flat steel is mainly met through imports (70%-75% of total imports). Japan, China and South Korea are Thailand's top three sources of imports, while the US, Indonesia and Vietnam are its top three export destinations.

Thailand is not very rich in raw material resources; its iron ore production is very small and it relies mainly on imports. Phu Ang Iron Ore Mine located in Lai Phu, Thailand is the largest iron ore mine in Thailand, with total reserves estimated at 10.9 million tons and an iron content of 65% to 67%. Another mine in Thailand is the Phu Hia iron ore mine. Both of these iron ore mines are located in northeastern Thailand.

Thai steelmakers are worried about the influx of cheap steel products from Russia into the Thai and ASEAN markets after Russia was sanctioned over the Russia-Ukraine war. Russia is looking for new buyers as its steel exports are banned from the European market. Meanwhile, Chinese steelmakers are also seeking to expand exports as steel consumption in China has fallen. If cheap imported steel products are dumped into the Thai market, it is expected to deal a devastating blow to Thailand's domestic steel manufacturing industry.

In recent years, Thailand's steel consumption has been more than 60% dependent on imported steel. In 2018, this figure was 62.3%, rising to nearly 66% by 2022.

For example, in 2022, Thailand's steel consumption was about 16.39 million tons, and in that year, Thailand's steel production was only 7.1 million tons, and steel import volume was as high as 10.78 million tons.

As a result, some local Thai steel manufacturers have asked the Thai government to restrict steel imports. For more than a decade, the Thai government has issued a series of anti-dumping measures against imported steel products, but they have been largely ineffective. The main reason for Thailand's rising steel imports is the high cost of Thai-produced steel, as well as an inadequate product range. For downstream companies, it is more cost-effective to purchase imported products. Thai steel imports will continue to rise in the future if Thai steel companies do not seek to reduce production costs and develop mid-range and high-end products.

In 2022, Thailand's steel consumption declined 12.2% year-on-year to 16.39 million tons from 18.67 million tons in 2021. The CAGR of finished steel consumption in Thailand is -4% over the period 2018-2022. COVID-19 has adversely affected Thailand's economy, causing finished steel consumption to decline.

As the cost of crude steel and steel production in Thailand is higher than in some countries in Southeast Asia, such as Vietnam and Indonesia, and also higher than in China, India and Japan in Asia, the growth of Thailand's domestic steel output volume is expected to be limited in the next few years. In case of low steel prices in the international market, there is a possibility of a decline in Thailand's domestic steel production.

According to the report, Thailand's steel production in 2023 is expected to be slightly lower than in 2022. Optimistically, Thailand's steel production is expected to grow gradually from 2024 onwards. By 2032, Thailand's steel production will reach 8.829 million tons, with a CAGR of 3% from 2023 to 2032. And output volume of both long steel and flat steel will show growth.

According to the report, Thailand's steel consumption in 2023 is expected to be slightly lower than in 2022. Thailand's steel consumption is expected to grow gradually from 2024 onwards. By 2032, Thailand's steel production will reach 24.84 million tons, with a CAGR of 4.9% from 2023 to 2032. The consumption of both long steel and flat steel will show growth.

Key Topics Covered

1 Development Environment of Thailand Steel Industry
1.1 Economic Environment
1.1.1 Thailand's Economy
1.1.2 Foreign Investment in Thailand Steel Industry
1.1.3 Minimum Wage Standard in Thailand
1.1.4 The impact of COVID-19 on Thailand's Steel Industry
1.2 Policy Environment
1.2.1 Policies Related to Steel Industry
1.2.2 Preferential Policies on Foreign Investment
1.2.3 Anti-dumping measures
1.3 Research Methods of the Report
1.3.1 Parameters and Assumptions
1.3.2 Data Sources

2 Market Status of Thailand Steel Industry, 2018-2022
2.1 Supply
2.1.1 Production Capacity
2.1.2 Production Volume
2.2 Demand on Thailand Steel Market
2.2.1 Total Demand
2.2.2 Demand Structure
2.2.3 Steel Price
2.3 Competition Structure of Thailand Steel Market
2.3.1 Upstream Suppliers
2.3.2 Downstream Customers
2.3.3 Competition in Steel Industry
2.3.4 Potential Entrants
2.3.5 Substitutes

3 Major steel products in Thailand
3.1 Flat steel products industry
3.1.1 Supply and Production Volume
3.1.2 Demand
3.1.3 Imports and Exports
3.2 Long steel products
3.2.1 Supply and Production Volume
3.2.2 Demand
3.2.3 Imports and Exports
3.3 Steel pipes

4 Analysis on Import and Export of Steel in Thailand, 2018-2022
4.1 Import
4.1.1 Import Overview
4.1.2 Major Import Sources
4.2 Export
4.2.1 Export Overview
4.2.2 Export Destinations

5 Major Steel Manufacturers in Thailand, 2018-2023
5.1 Sahaviriya Steel Industries PCL
5.2 G Steel Public Company Limited
5.3 G J Steel PCL
5.4 Tata Steel (Thailand) Public Company Limited Group
5.5 Bangkok Steel Industry Public Co. Ltd.
5.6 Prime Steel Mill Co. Ltd.
5.7 LPN Plate Mill PLC

6 Prospect of Thailand Steel Market, 2023-2032
6.1 Factors Influencing Development
6.1.1 Market Opportunities and Driving Forces
6.1.2 Threats and Challenges
6.2 Forecast on Supply and Demand
6.2.1 Forecast on Production Volume
6.2.2 Forecast on Demand
6.2.3 Forecast on Import and Export
6.3 Analysis on Investment Opportunities in Thailand Steel Industry

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