Rackspace Technology Reports Second Quarter 2021 Results

SAN ANTONIO, Texas, UNITED STATES


  • Record Revenue of $744 million in the Second Quarter, up 13% Year-over-Year
  • Core Revenue Grew 17% to $698 million
  • Net loss of $(37) million, or $(0.18) per diluted share
  • Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share Grew 14% Year-over-Year to $0.24
  • Quarterly Cash Flow From Operating Activities of $106 million

SAN ANTONIO, Aug. 11, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Rackspace Technology, Inc. (Nasdaq: RXT), a leading end-to-end multicloud technology solutions company, today announced results for its second quarter ended June 30, 2021.

Kevin Jones, Chief Executive Officer, commented, “Our second quarter financial results were solid, with double-digit revenue growth and strong operating profit margins. In addition, our working capital and cash management transformation programs have driven excellent results with more than $100 million of operating cash flow for the second consecutive quarter.”

Second Quarter 2021 Results

Revenue was $744 million in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 13% as compared to revenue of $657 million in the second quarter of 2020. Revenue for the second quarter of 2021 was positively impacted by new customer acquisitions and growing customer spend in our Multicloud Services and Apps & Cross Platform segments. On a constant currency basis, revenue increased by 11% in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020.

Revenue from our Core Segments (“Core Revenue”), comprised of Multicloud Services and Apps & Cross Platform, increased 17% in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020. On a constant currency basis, Core Revenue increased 15% in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020.

Bookings were $258 million in the second quarter of 2021, a decrease of 10% as compared to Bookings of $289 million in the second quarter of 2020. Bookings in the second quarter of 2020 included one large deal valued at approximately $38 million. Excluding this deal from the comparative period, Bookings growth was 3% year-over-year.

Net loss was $(37) million in the second quarter of 2021, compared to net loss of $(33) million in the second quarter of 2020.

Net loss per diluted share was $(0.18) in the second quarter of 2021, compared to net loss per diluted share of $(0.20) in the second quarter of 2020.

Non-GAAP Operating Profit was $119 million in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 4% compared to $115 million in the second quarter of 2020.

Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share was $0.24 in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 14% as compared to Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share of $0.21 in the second quarter of 2020.

Capital expenditures were $82 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared to $51 million in the second quarter of 2020.

As of June 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $215 million with no balance outstanding on our Revolving Credit Facility.

Financial Outlook

Rackspace Technology is providing guidance as follows:

 Q3 2021 Guidance
Revenue$750 - $760 million
Core Revenue$705 - $715 million
Non-GAAP Operating Profit$118 - $122 million
Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share$0.23 - $0.25
Non-GAAP Other Income (Expense)1($50) - ($52) million
Non-GAAP Tax Expense Rate26
Non-GAAP Weighted Average Shares213 - 215 million

1 Non-GAAP Other Income (Expense) is only expected to include interest expense.

For the fourth quarter of 2021, the company expects:

  • Sequential revenue growth of approximately 2% from the third quarter of 2021
  • Non-GAAP Operating Profit and Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share flat compared to the third quarter of 2021

Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and the reconciliations to the most directly comparable measures in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) are provided in subsequent sections of this press release narrative and supplemental schedules. Rackspace Technology has not reconciled Non-GAAP Operating Profit, Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share, Non-GAAP Other Income (Expense) or Non-GAAP Tax Expense Rate guidance to the most directly comparable GAAP measure because it does not provide guidance on GAAP net income (loss) or the reconciling items between these Non-GAAP measures and GAAP net income (loss) as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, certain of these items, such as share-based compensation expense. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure guidance to the corresponding GAAP measure is not available without unreasonable effort. With respect to Non-GAAP Operating Profit, Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share, Non-GAAP Other Income (Expense) and Non-GAAP Tax Expense Rate guidance, adjustments in future periods are generally expected to be similar to the kinds of charges and costs excluded from these Non-GAAP measures in prior periods, but the impact of such adjustments could be significant.

Conference Call and Webcast

Rackspace Technology will hold a conference call today, August 11, 2021, at 4:00pm CT / 5:00pm ET to discuss its second quarter 2021 results. Interested parties may access the conference call as follows:

Via Zoom:

https://rackspace.zoom.us/j/95750453932?pwd=Q21HWis1T1k5UEQvemI2NlFEREp5UT09
Password: 112067

Via telephone (listen only mode):

+1 408 638 0968 (US Toll)
+1 646 558 8656 (US Toll)
+1 647 374 4685 (Canada)
+44 (0) 20 3695 0088 (United Kingdom Toll)
Webinar ID: 957 5045 3932

A live webcast of the call and audio replay will also be available on Rackspace Technology’s website at ir.rackspace.com.

About Rackspace Technology

Rackspace Technology is a leading end-to-end multicloud technology services company. We design, build and operate our customers’ cloud environments across all major technology platforms, irrespective of technology stack or deployment model. We partner with our customers at every stage of their cloud journey, enabling them to modernize applications, build new products and adopt innovative technologies.

IR Contact
Investor Relations
IR@rackspace.com

PR Contact
Natalie Silva
Rackspace Technology Corporate Communications
publicrelations@rackspace.com

Forward-looking Statements

Rackspace Technology has made statements in this press release and other reports, filings, and other public written and verbal announcements that are forward-looking and therefore subject to risks and uncertainties. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this document are, or could be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are made in reliance on the safe harbor protections provided thereunder. These forward-looking statements relate to anticipated financial performance, management’s plans and objectives for future operations, business prospects, outcome of regulatory proceedings, market conditions, our ability to successfully respond to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, and other matters. Any forward-looking statement made in this presentation speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward- looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. Forward-looking statements can be identified by various words such as “expects,” “intends,” “will,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “confident,” “continue,” “propose,” “seeks,” “could,” “may,” “should,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “might,” “goals,” “objectives,” “targets,” “planned,” “projects,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to management. Rackspace Technology cautions that these statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside of our control, and could cause future events or results to be materially different from those stated or implied in this document, including among others, risk factors that are described in Rackspace Technology, Inc.’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained therein.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes several non-GAAP financial measures such as constant currency revenue, Non-GAAP Gross Profit, Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Operating Profit, Adjusted EBITDA and Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share (“EPS”). These non-GAAP financial measures exclude the impact of certain costs, losses and gains that are required to be included in our profit and loss measures under GAAP. Although we believe these measures are useful to investors and analysts for the same reasons they are useful to management, as described in the accompanying pages, these measures are not a substitute for, or superior to, GAAP financial measures or disclosures. Other companies may calculate similarly-titled non-GAAP measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures. We have reconciled each of these non-GAAP measures to the applicable most comparable GAAP measure in the accompanying pages.

IR Contact
Joe Crivelli
Rackspace Technology Investor Relations
ir@rackspace.com

PR Contact
Natalie Silva
Rackspace Technology Corporate Communications
publicrelations@rackspace.com



RACKSPACE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended June 30,
 Year-Over-Year
Comparison
 2021 2020 
(In millions, except % and per share data) Amount  % Revenue  Amount  % Revenue  Amount  % Change
Revenue$656.5  100.0% $743.8  100.0% $87.3  13.3%
Cost of revenue(414.6) (63.2)% (508.3) (68.3)% (93.7) 22.6%
Gross profit241.9  36.8% 235.5  31.7% (6.4) (2.6)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(219.2) (33.4)% (232.6) (31.3)% (13.4) 6.1%
Income from operations22.7  3.5% 2.9  0.4% (19.8) (87.2)%
Other income (expense):           
Interest expense(68.9) (10.5)% (50.5) (6.8)% 18.4  (26.7)%
Gain on investments, net1.0  0.1% 0.1  0.0% (0.9) (90.0)%
Debt modification and extinguishment costs  % (0.5) (0.1)% (0.5) 100.0%
Other income, net0.3  0.0% 0.6  0.1% 0.3  100.0%
Total other income (expense)(67.6) (10.3)% (50.3) (6.8)% 17.3  (25.6)%
Loss before income taxes(44.9) (6.8)% (47.4) (6.4)% (2.5) 5.6%
Benefit for income taxes12.3  1.9% 10.8  1.5% (1.5) (12.2)%
Net loss$(32.6) (5.0)% $(36.6) (4.9)% $(4.0) 12.3%
             
Net loss per share:            
Basic and diluted$(0.20)   $(0.18)       
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:            
Basic and diluted165.5    207.9        



RACKSPACE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

 Six Months Ended June 30, Year-Over-Year
Comparison
 2021 2020 
(In millions, except % and per share data)  Amount  % Revenue     Amount  % Revenue     Amount    % Change
Revenue$1,309.2  100.0% $1,469.7  100.0% $160.5  12.3%
Cost of revenue(818.0) (62.5)% (998.9) (68.0)% (180.9) 22.1%
Gross profit491.2  37.5% 470.8  32.0% (20.4) (4.2)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(447.0) (34.1)% (463.6) (31.5)% (16.6) 3.7%
Gain on sale of land  % 19.9  1.4% 19.9  100.0%
Income from operations44.2  3.4% 27.1  1.8% (17.1) (38.7)%
Other income (expense):           
Interest expense(140.9) (10.8)% (103.1) (7.0)% 37.8  (26.8)%
Gain (loss) on investments, net0.9  0.1% (3.6) (0.2)% (4.5) NM 
Debt modification and extinguishment costs  % (37.5) (2.5)% (37.5) 100.0%
Other expense, net(0.3) (0.0)% (1.2) (0.1)% (0.9) NM 
Total other income (expense)(140.3) (10.7)% (145.4) (9.9)% (5.1) 3.6%
Loss before income taxes(96.1) (7.3)% (118.3) (8.0)% (22.2) 23.1%
Benefit for income taxes15.3  1.2% 17.7  1.2% 2.4  15.7%
Net loss$(80.8) (6.2)% $(100.6) (6.8)% $(19.8) 24.5%
            
Net loss per share:           
Basic and diluted$(0.49)   $(0.49)      
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:           
Basic and diluted165.4    206.2       

NM = not meaningful.



RACKSPACE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)

(In millions, except per share data) December 31,
2020
 June 30,
2021
ASSETS    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $104.7  $214.8 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts and accrued customer credits of $28.3 and $16.0, respectively 483.0  501.1 
Prepaid expenses 123.8  94.0 
Other current assets 47.0  75.3 
Total current assets 758.5  885.2 
     
Property, equipment and software, net 884.6  892.0 
Goodwill, net 2,761.1  2,765.8 
Intangible assets, net 1,646.3  1,553.8 
Operating right-of-use assets 171.1  151.3 
Other non-current assets 156.2  164.2 
Total assets $6,377.8  $6,412.3 
     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable and accrued expenses $285.4  $324.4 
Accrued compensation and benefits 110.6  91.5 
Deferred revenue 76.7  93.0 
Debt 43.4  23.0 
Accrued interest 26.5  26.6 
Operating lease liabilities 62.2  60.7 
Finance lease liabilities 40.7  57.3 
Financing obligations 48.8  59.8 
Other current liabilities 47.9  53.0 
Total current liabilities 742.2  789.3 
     
Non-current liabilities:    
Debt 3,319.3  3,318.7 
Operating lease liabilities 118.2  103.8 
Finance lease liabilities 358.1  361.8 
Financing obligations 74.1  80.2 
Deferred income taxes 236.7  219.1 
Other non-current liabilities 145.5  156.9 
Total liabilities 4,994.1  5,029.8 
     
Commitments and Contingencies    
     
Stockholders’ equity:    
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share: 5.0 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding    
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share: 1,495.0 shares authorized; 201.8 and 209.0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 2.0  2.1 
Additional paid-in capital 2,363.6  2,445.3 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (18.6) (1.0)
Accumulated deficit (963.3) (1,063.9)
Total stockholders’ equity 1,383.7  1,382.5 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $6,377.8  $6,412.3 



RACKSPACE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2020 2021
Cash Flows From Operating Activities   
Net loss$(80.8) $(100.6)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization237.6   216.3  
Amortization of operating right-of-use assets36.3   36.0  
Deferred income taxes(19.2) (23.1)
Share-based compensation expense16.6   37.6  
Gain on sale of land—   (19.9)
Debt modification and extinguishment costs—   37.5  
Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative contracts(2.7) 10.8  
(Gain) loss on investments, net(0.9) 3.6  
Provision for bad debts and accrued customer credits10.1   (8.0)
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount9.4   4.8  
Other operating activities(1.8) (0.6)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable(47.1) (8.9)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2.9   11.5  
Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other current liabilities(31.8) 19.1  
Deferred revenue(9.0) 16.5  
Operating lease liabilities(33.7) (31.9)
Other non-current assets and liabilities12.9   8.2  
Net cash provided by operating activities98.8   208.9  
Cash Flows From Investing Activities   
Purchases of property, equipment and software(66.4) (66.0)
Proceeds from sale of land—   31.3  
Other investing activities3.6   3.0  
Net cash used in investing activities(62.8) (31.7)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities   
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net0.5   —  
Proceeds from employee stock plans—   43.9  
Shares of common stock withheld for employee taxes(0.6) —  
Proceeds from borrowings under long-term debt arrangements310.0   2,838.5  
Payments on long-term debt(259.5) (2,866.4)
Payments for debt issuance costs(1.0) (34.5)
Payments on financing component of interest rate swap—   (4.3)
Principal payments of finance lease liabilities(7.1) (21.4)
Proceeds from financing obligations20.9   —  
Principal payments of financing obligations(19.9) (22.6)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities43.3   (66.8)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(1.7) (0.4)
Increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash77.6   110.0  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period87.1   108.1  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$164.7   $218.1  


Supplemental Cash Flow Information   
Cash payments for interest, net of amount capitalized$131.4   $90.6  
Cash payments for income taxes, net of refunds$8.1   $6.5  
    
Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities   
Acquisition of property, equipment and software by finance leases$42.5   $38.4  
Acquisition of property, equipment and software by financing obligations19.9   40.1  
Decrease in property, equipment and software accrued in liabilities(2.6) (3.7)
Non-cash purchases of property, equipment and software$59.8   $74.8  
    
Non-cash increase in buildings within property, equipment and software, net due to lease modification$220.3   $—  
Other non-cash investing and financing activities$2.3   $0.3  



REVENUE BY SEGMENT

  Three Months Ended June 30, % Change
(In millions, except %) 2020 2021 Actual Constant
Currency
(1)
Multicloud Services $519.0  $605.1  16.6% 14.6%
Apps & Cross Platform 79.9  92.7  16.1% 15.0%
Core Revenue 598.9  697.8  16.5% 14.6%
OpenStack Public Cloud 57.6  46.0  (20.1)% (21.9)%
Total $656.5  $743.8  13.3% 11.4%

(1)   Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this section for further explanation and reconciliation.

  Six Months Ended June 30, % Change
(In millions, except %) 2020 2021 Actual Constant
Currency
(1)
Multicloud Services $1,026.9  $1,184.7  15.4% 13.7%
Apps & Cross Platform 161.4  190.0  17.8% 16.9%
Core Revenue 1,188.3  1,374.7  15.7% 14.1%
OpenStack Public Cloud 120.9  95.0  (21.4)% (22.8)%
Total $1,309.2  $1,469.7  12.3% 10.7%

(1)   Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this section for further explanation and reconciliation.



NON-GAAP GROSS PROFIT BY SEGMENT

 Three Months Ended June 30, Year-Over-Year
Comparison
(In millions, except %) 2021 2021
 
Non-GAAP gross profit by segment:Amount % of
Segment
Revenue
 Amount % of
Segment
Revenue
 Amount % Change
Multicloud Services$200.7  38.7% $202.0  33.4% $1.3  0.6%
Apps & Cross Platform27.0  33.8% 32.0  34.5% 5.0  18.5%
OpenStack Public Cloud23.7  41.1% 16.1  35.0% (7.6) (32.1)%
Non-GAAP Gross Profit (1)251.4    250.1    (1.3) (0.5)%
Less:           
Share-based compensation expense(2.3)   (4.3)      
Other compensation expense (2)(1.5)   (0.4)      
Purchase accounting impact on expense (3)(1.6)   (1.2)      
Restructuring and transformation expenses (4)(4.1)   (8.7)      
Total consolidated gross profit$241.9    $235.5       


(1)Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this section for further explanation.
(2)Adjustments for retention bonuses, mainly in connection with restructuring and transformation projects, and the related payroll tax, and payroll taxes associated with the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock.
(3)Adjustment for the impact of purchase accounting from the November 2016 merger on expenses.
(4)Adjustment for the impact of business transformation and optimization activities, as well as associated severance, facility closure costs and lease termination expenses.


 Three Months Ended June 30, Year-Over-Year
Comparison
(In millions, except %)2021 2020 
Non-GAAP gross profit by segment: Amount  % of
Segment
Revenue
  Amount  % of
Segment
Revenue
  Amount  % Change
Multicloud Services$397.5  38.7% $398.4  33.6% $0.9  0.2%
Apps & Cross Platform57.1  35.4% 66.9  35.2% 9.8  17.2%
OpenStack Public Cloud53.0  43.8% 34.7  36.5% (18.3) (34.5)%
Non-GAAP Gross Profit (1)507.6    500.0    (7.6) (1.5)%
Less:           
Share-based compensation expense(4.1)   (9.2)      
Other compensation expense (2)(3.4)   (1.7)      
Purchase accounting impact on expense (3)(3.5)   (2.4)      
Restructuring and transformation expenses (4)(5.4)   (15.9)      
Total consolidated gross profit$491.2    $470.8       


(1)Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this section for further explanation.
(2)Adjustments for retention bonuses, mainly in connection with restructuring and transformation projects, and the related payroll tax, and payroll taxes associated with the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock.
(3)Adjustment for the impact of purchase accounting from the November 2016 merger on expenses.
(4)Adjustment for the impact of business transformation and optimization activities, as well as associated severance, facility closure costs and lease termination expenses.



KEY OPERATING METRICS

 Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions, except %)2020 2021
Bookings$288.5  $258.2 
Annualized Recurring Revenue (ARR)$2,492.9  $2,817.1 



NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Constant Currency Revenue

We use constant currency revenue as an additional metric for understanding and assessing our growth excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations on our international business operations. Constant currency information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period over period and is calculated by translating the non-U.S. dollar income statement balances for the most current period to U.S. dollars using the average exchange rate from the comparative period rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during the respective period. We also believe this is an important metric to help investors evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods.

  Three Months
Ended June 30,
2020
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 % Change
(In millions, except %) Revenue Revenue Foreign
Currency
Translation
(a)
 Revenue in
Constant
Currency
 Actual Constant
Currency
Multicloud Services $519.0  $605.1  $(10.5) $594.6  16.6% 14.6%
Apps & Cross Platform 79.9  92.7  (0.9) 91.8  16.1% 15.0%
OpenStack Public Cloud 57.6  46.0  (1.0) 45.0  (20.1)% (21.9)%
Total $656.5  $743.8  $(12.4) $731.4  13.3% 11.4%


(a)The effect of foreign currency is calculated by translating current period results using the average exchange rate from the prior comparative period.


  Six Months
Ended June 30,
2020
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 % Change
(In millions, except %) Revenue Revenue Foreign
Currency
Translation
(a)
 Revenue in
Constant
Currency
 Actual Constant
Currency
Multicloud Services $1,026.9  $1,184.7  $(17.2) $1,167.5  15.4% 13.7%
Apps & Cross Platform 161.4  190.0  (1.4) 188.6  17.8% 16.9%
OpenStack Public Cloud 120.9  95.0  (1.6) 93.4  (21.4)% (22.8)%
Total $1,309.2  $1,469.7  $(20.2) $1,449.5  12.3% 10.7%


(a)The effect of foreign currency is calculated by translating current period results using the average exchange rate from the prior comparative period.

Non-GAAP Gross Profit

Our principal measure of segment profitability is segment non-GAAP gross profit. We also present Non-GAAP Gross Profit, which is the aggregate of segment non-GAAP gross profit, because we believe the measure is useful in analyzing trends in our underlying, recurring gross margins. We define Non-GAAP Gross Profit as our consolidated gross profit, adjusted to exclude the impact of share-based compensation expense and other non-recurring or unusual compensation items, purchase accounting-related effects, and certain business transformation-related costs. For a reconciliation of our Non-GAAP Gross Profit to our total consolidated gross profit, see “Non-GAAP Gross Profit by Segment” above.

Non-GAAP Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Operating Profit and Adjusted EBITDA

We present Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Operating Profit and Adjusted EBITDA because they are a basis upon which management assesses our performance and we believe they are useful to evaluating our financial performance. We believe that excluding items from net income that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and that may vary in frequency or magnitude, enhances the comparability of our results and provides a better baseline for analyzing trends in our business.

We define Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) as net income (loss) adjusted to exclude the impact of non-cash charges for share-based compensation, special bonuses and other compensation expense, transaction-related costs and adjustments, restructuring and transformation charges, management fees, the amortization of acquired intangible assets and certain other non-operating, non-recurring or non-core gains and losses, as well as the tax effects of these non-GAAP adjustments.

We define Non-GAAP Operating Profit as net income (loss), plus interest expense and income taxes, further adjusted to exclude the impact of non-cash charges for share-based compensation, special bonuses and other compensation expense, transaction-related costs and adjustments, restructuring and transformation charges, management fees, the amortization of acquired intangible assets and certain other non-operating, non-recurring or non-core gains and losses.

We define Adjusted EBITDA as Non-GAAP Operating Profit plus depreciation and amortization.

Non-GAAP Operating Profit and Adjusted EBITDA are management’s principal metrics for measuring our underlying financial performance. Adjusted EBITDA, along with other quantitative and qualitative information, is also the principal financial measure used by management and our board of directors in determining performance-based compensation for our management and key employees.

These non-GAAP measures are not intended to imply that we would have generated higher income or avoided net losses if the November 2016 merger and the subsequent transactions and initiatives had not occurred. In the future we may incur expenses or charges such as those added back to calculate Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Operating Profit or Adjusted EBITDA. Our presentation of Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Operating Profit and Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by these items. Other companies, including our peer companies, may calculate similarly-titled measures in a different manner from us, and therefore, our non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures of other companies. Investors are cautioned against using these measures to the exclusion of our results in accordance with GAAP.

  Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions) 2020 2021 2020 2021
Net loss $(32.6) $(36.6) $(80.8) $(100.6)
Share-based compensation expense 9.1  20.4  16.6  37.6 
Special bonuses and other compensation expense (a) 5.8  3.0  14.1  7.0 
Transaction-related adjustments, net (b) 8.1  6.9  16.5  15.3 
Restructuring and transformation expenses (c) 22.1  39.1  37.1  77.7 
Management fees (d) 3.5    7.1   
Gain on sale of land       (19.9)
Net (gain) loss on divestiture and investments (e) (1.0) (0.1) (0.9) 3.6 
Debt modification and extinguishment costs (f)   0.5    37.5 
Other (income) expense, net (g) (0.3) (0.6) 0.3  1.2 
Amortization of intangible assets (h) 44.0  47.1  88.2  93.5 
Tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments (i) (24.4) (28.8) (36.9) (52.9)
Non-GAAP Net Income 34.3  50.9  61.3  100.0 
Interest expense 68.9  50.5  140.9  103.1 
Benefit for income taxes (12.3) (10.8) (15.3) (17.7)
Tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments (i) 24.4  28.8  36.9  52.9 
Non-GAAP Operating Profit 115.3  119.4  223.8  238.3 
Depreciation (j) 72.3  59.9  149.4  121.2 
Adjusted EBITDA $187.6  $179.3  $373.2  $359.5 


(a)Includes expense related to retention bonuses, mainly relating to restructuring and integration projects, and the related payroll tax, senior executive signing bonuses and relocation costs, and payroll taxes associated with the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock.
(b)Includes legal, professional, accounting and other advisory fees related to the acquisition of Onica in the fourth quarter of 2019 and the IPO in the third quarter of 2020, integration costs of acquired businesses, purchase accounting adjustments (including deferred revenue fair value discount), payroll costs for employees that dedicate significant time to supporting these projects and exploratory acquisition and divestiture costs and expenses related to financing activities.
(c)Includes consulting and advisory fees related to business transformation and optimization activities, payroll costs for employees that dedicate significant time to these projects, as well as associated severance, facility closure costs and lease termination expenses.
(d)Represents historical management fees pursuant to management consulting agreements. The management consulting agreements were terminated effective August 4, 2020, and therefore no management fees have accrued or will be payable for periods after August 4, 2020.
(e)Includes gains and losses on investment and from dispositions.
(f)Includes expenses related to the February 2021 Refinancing Transaction and termination of the Receivables Financing Facility.
(g)Reflects mainly changes in the fair value of foreign currency derivatives.
(h)All of our intangible assets are attributable to acquisitions, including the November 2016 merger.
(i)We utilize an estimated structural long-term non-GAAP tax rate in order to provide consistency across reporting periods, removing the effect of non-recurring tax adjustments, which include but are not limited to tax rate changes, U.S. tax reform, share-based compensation, audit conclusions and changes to valuation allowances. When computing this long-term rate for the 2020 and 2021 interim periods, we based it on an average of the 2019 and estimated 2020 tax rates and 2020 and estimated 2021 tax rates, respectively, recomputed to remove the tax effect of non-GAAP pre-tax adjustments and non-recurring tax adjustments, resulting in a structural non-GAAP tax rate of 26% for all periods. The non-GAAP tax rate could be subject to change for a variety of reasons, including the rapidly evolving global tax environment, significant changes in our geographic earnings mix including due to acquisition activity, or other changes to our strategy or business operations. We will re-evaluate our long-term non-GAAP tax rate as appropriate. We believe that making these adjustments facilitates a better evaluation of our current operating performance and comparisons to prior periods.
(j)Excludes accelerated depreciation expense related to facility closures.

Non-GAAP Earnings Per Share (EPS)

We define Non-GAAP EPS as Non-GAAP Net Income divided by our GAAP weighted average number of shares outstanding for the period on a diluted basis and further adjusted for the weighted average number of shares associated with securities which are anti-dilutive to GAAP earnings per share but dilutive to Non-GAAP EPS. Management uses Non-GAAP EPS to evaluate the performance of our business on a comparable basis from period to period, including by adjusting for the impact of the issuance of shares that would be dilutive to Non-GAAP EPS.

 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts)2020 2021 2020 2021
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(32.6) $(36.6) $(80.8) $(100.6)
Non-GAAP Net Income$34.3  $50.9  $61.3  $100.0 
        
Weighted average number of shares - Diluted165.5  207.9  165.4  206.2 
Effect of dilutive securities (a)1.9  5.4  1.4  6.0 
Non-GAAP weighted average number of shares - Diluted167.4  213.3  166.8  212.2 
        
Net loss per share - Diluted$(0.20) $(0.18) $(0.49) $(0.49)
Per share impacts of adjustments to net loss (b)0.41  0.42  0.86  0.97 
Per share impacts of shares dilutive after adjustments to net loss (a)(0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01)
Non-GAAP EPS$0.21  $0.24  $0.37  $0.47 


(a)Reflects impact of awards that would have been anti-dilutive to Net loss per share, and therefore not included in the calculation, but would be dilutive to Non-GAAP EPS and are therefore included in the share count for purposes of this non-GAAP measure. Potential common share equivalents consist of shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options, vesting of restricted stock or purchase under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”), as well as contingent shares associated with our acquisition of Datapipe Parent, Inc. Certain of our potential common share equivalents are contingent on Apollo achieving pre-established performance targets based on a multiple of their invested capital (“MOIC”), which are included in the denominator for the entire period if such shares would be issuable as of the end of the reporting period assuming the end of the reporting period was the end of the contingency period.
(b)Reflects the aggregate adjustments made to reconcile Non-GAAP Net Income to our net loss, as noted in the above table, divided by the GAAP diluted number of shares outstanding for the relevant period.