New York Mortgage Trust Reports Third Quarter 2023 Results


NEW YORK, Nov. 01, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- New York Mortgage Trust, Inc. (Nasdaq: NYMT) (“NYMT,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”) today reported results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023.

Summary of Third Quarter 2023:
(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Net loss attributable to Company’s common stockholders$(94,819)
Net loss attributable to Company’s common stockholders per share (basic) (1)$(1.04)
Undepreciated loss (2)$(92,637)
Undepreciated loss per common share (2)$(1.02)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Company’s common stockholders$(94,884)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Company’s common stockholders per share (basic)$(1.04)
Yield on average interest earning assets (2) (3) 6.03%
Interest income$65,195 
Interest expense$48,406 
Net interest income$16,789 
Net interest spread (2) (4) 0.90%
Book value per common share at the end of the period$11.26 
Adjusted book value per common share at the end of the period (2)$12.93 
Economic return on book value (5)(7.07)%
Economic return on adjusted book value (6)(7.61)%
Dividends per common share$0.30 


(1) For all periods presented, all per common share amounts and common shares outstanding have been adjusted to reflect the Company’s one-for-four reverse stock split which was effected on March 9, 2023.
(2) Represents a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of the Company’s non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measure is included below in “Reconciliation of Financial Information.”
(3) Calculated as the quotient of our adjusted interest income and our average interest earning assets and excludes all Consolidated SLST assets other than those securities owned by the Company.
(4) Our calculation of net interest spread may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures of other companies who may use a different calculation.
(5) Economic return on book value is based on the periodic change in GAAP book value per common share plus dividends declared per common share, if any, during the period.
(6) Economic return on adjusted book value is based on the periodic change in adjusted book value per common share, a non-GAAP financial measure, plus dividends declared per common share, if any, during the period.


Key Developments:

Investing Activities

  • Purchased approximately $946.2 million of Agency RMBS and approximately $187.8 million in residential loans.
  • Received approximately $25.8 million in proceeds from redemptions of Mezzanine Lending investments.
  • Executed PSA for the sale of the multi-family property held by a joint venture equity investment representing a net equity investment of $5.2 million.

Financing Activities

  • Entered into repurchase agreement with a new counterparty with a maximum aggregate purchase price of $200.0 million to fund the purchase of residential loans.
  • Repurchased 560,342 shares of common stock for approximately $5.0 million at an average repurchase price of $8.93 per common share and 63,540 shares of preferred stock for approximately $1.4 million at an average repurchase price of $22.23 per preferred share.

Management Overview

Jason Serrano, Chief Executive Officer, commented: “Fixed income investment valuations suffered in the third quarter against heightened rate volatility, leading to low transaction volumes across the credit spectrum. With higher rates, negative investor sentiment poured into the market, bringing asset values lower. As a result, our adjusted book value declined by 9.71% in the third quarter, led by lower asset valuations and impairment losses related to our multi-family joint venture equity portfolio.

Over a year ago, management determined to reduce credit exposure by allowing our short duration credit portfolio to organically run-off. As a result, the Company’s credit portfolio declined by $1.0 billion year-over-year from the end of the third quarter of 2022. This strategy has allowed us to build out an accretive, high coupon Agency RMBS portfolio which drove Company interest income up 15% from the prior quarter. With Agency RMBS spreads at one of the widest levels since 2008, we believe we can continue to meaningfully expand interest earnings. In an economic downturn, we believe book value and liquidity will be supported with increased exposure to Agency RMBS.

Against a myriad of challenges, U.S. consumers may have exhausted their ability to keep the U.S. economy out of recession. We believe the decisive actions taken by the Company over the past 18 months to reposition the portfolio and reduce credit exposure will enable the Company to provide long-term, sustainable value in a likely downturn.”

Capital Allocation

The following table sets forth, by investment category, our allocated capital at September 30, 2023 (dollar amounts in thousands):

 Single-Family (1) Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
Residential loans$2,993,895  $  $  $2,993,895 
Consolidated SLST CDOs (584,741)        (584,741)
Investment securities available for sale 1,596,567   5,648      1,602,215 
Multi-family loans    98,435      98,435 
Equity investments    130,583   25,000   155,583 
Equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties (2)    146,151      146,151 
Equity investments in disposal group held for sale (3)    130,256      130,256 
Single-family rental properties 161,712         161,712 
Total investment portfolio carrying value 4,167,433   511,073   25,000   4,703,506 
Liabilities:       
Repurchase agreements (1,994,728)        (1,994,728)
Residential loan securitization CDOs (1,318,131)        (1,318,131)
Senior unsecured notes       (97,924)  (97,924)
Subordinated debentures       (45,000)  (45,000)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (4) 119,567      228,742   348,309 
Cumulative adjustment of redeemable non-controlling interest to estimated redemption value    (17,043)     (17,043)
Other 42,365   457   (46,583)  (3,761)
Net Company capital allocated$1,016,506  $494,487  $64,235  $1,575,228 
        
Company Recourse Leverage Ratio (5)      1.3x
Portfolio Recourse Leverage Ratio (6)      1.2x


(1) The Company, through its ownership of certain securities, has determined it is the primary beneficiary of Consolidated SLST and has consolidated the assets and liabilities of Consolidated SLST in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. Consolidated SLST is primarily presented on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as residential loans, at fair value and collateralized debt obligations, at fair value. Our investment in Consolidated SLST as of September 30, 2023 was limited to the RMBS comprised of first loss subordinated securities and certain IOs issued by the securitization with an aggregate net carrying value of $154.4 million.
(2) Represents the Company’s equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties that are not in disposal group held for sale. See “Reconciliation of Financial Information” section below for a reconciliation of equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties and disposal group held for sale to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
(3) Includes both unconsolidated and consolidated equity investments in multi-family properties that are held for sale in disposal group. See “Reconciliation of Financial Information” section below for a reconciliation of equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties and disposal group held for sale to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
(4) Excludes cash in the amount of $22.0 million held in the Company’s equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties and consolidated equity investments in disposal group held for sale. Restricted cash is included in the Company’s accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets in other assets.
(5) Represents the Company’s total outstanding recourse repurchase agreement financing, subordinated debentures and senior unsecured notes divided by the Company’s total stockholders’ equity. Does not include non-recourse repurchase agreement financing amounting to $134.3 million, Consolidated SLST CDOs amounting to $584.7 million, residential loan securitization CDOs amounting to $1.3 billion and mortgages payable on real estate amounting to $396.8 million as they are non-recourse debt.
(6) Represents the Company’s outstanding recourse repurchase agreement financing divided by the Company’s total stockholders’ equity.


The following table sets forth certain information about our interest earning assets by category and their related adjusted interest income, adjusted interest expense, adjusted net interest income, yield on average interest earning assets, average financing cost and net interest spread for the three months ended September 30, 2023 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30, 2023

 Single-Family (8) Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
Adjusted Interest Income (1) (2)$55,389  $3,849  $  $59,238 
Adjusted Interest Expense (1) (35,150)     (3,433)  (38,583)
Adjusted Net Interest Income (1)$20,239  $3,849  $(3,433) $20,655 
        
Average Interest Earning Assets (3)$3,801,646  $127,909  $1,000  $3,930,555 
Average Interest Bearing Liabilities (4)$2,764,496  $  $221,534  $2,986,030 
        
Yield on Average Interest Earning Assets (1) (5) 5.83%  11.94%     6.03%
Average Financing Cost (1) (6)(5.04)%    (6.15)% (5.13)%
Net Interest Spread (1) (7) 0.79%  11.94% (6.15)%  0.90%


(1) Represents a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of the Company’s non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measure is included below in “Reconciliation of Financial Information.”
(2) Includes interest income earned on cash accounts held by the Company.
(3) Average Interest Earning Assets for the period include residential loans, multi-family loans and investment securities and exclude all Consolidated SLST assets other than those securities owned by the Company. Average Interest Earning Assets is calculated based on the daily average amortized cost for the period.
(4) Average Interest Bearing Liabilities for the period include repurchase agreements, residential loan securitization CDOs, senior unsecured notes and subordinated debentures and exclude Consolidated SLST CDOs and mortgages payable on real estate as the Company does not directly incur interest expense on these liabilities that are consolidated for GAAP purposes. Average Interest Bearing Liabilities is calculated based on the daily average outstanding balance for the period.
(5) Yield on Average Interest Earning Assets is calculated by dividing our annualized adjusted interest income relating to our portfolio of interest earning assets by our Average Interest Earning Assets for the respective periods.
(6) Average Financing Cost is calculated by dividing our annualized adjusted interest expense by our Average Interest Bearing Liabilities.
(7) Net Interest Spread is the difference between our Yield on Average Interest Earning Assets and our Average Financing Cost.
(8) The Company has determined it is the primary beneficiary of Consolidated SLST and has consolidated Consolidated SLST into the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. Our GAAP interest income includes interest income recognized on the underlying seasoned re-performing and non-performing residential loans held in Consolidated SLST. Our GAAP interest expense includes interest expense recognized on the Consolidated SLST CDOs that permanently finance the residential loans in Consolidated SLST and are not owned by the Company. We calculate adjusted interest income by reducing our GAAP interest income by the interest expense recognized on the Consolidated SLST CDOs and adjusted interest expense by excluding the interest expense recognized on the Consolidated SLST CDOs, thus only including the interest income earned by the SLST securities that are actually owned by the Company in adjusted net interest income.


Conference Call

On Thursday, November 2, 2023 at 9:00 a.m., Eastern Time, New York Mortgage Trust’s executive management is scheduled to host a conference call and audio webcast to discuss the Company’s financial results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023. To access the conference call, please pre-register using this link. Registrants will receive confirmation with dial-in details. A live audio webcast of the conference call can be accessed via the Internet, on a listen-only basis, at the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at http://www.nymtrust.com or using this link. Please allow extra time, prior to the call, to visit the site and download the necessary software to listen to the Internet broadcast. A webcast replay link of the conference call will be available on the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website approximately two hours after the call and will be available for 12 months.

In connection with the release of these financial results, the Company will also post a supplemental financial presentation that will accompany the conference call on its website at http://www.nymtrust.com under the “Investors — Events and Presentations” section. Third quarter 2023 financial and operating data can be viewed in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2023, which is expected to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on or about November 3, 2023. A copy of the Form 10-Q will be posted at the Company’s website as soon as reasonably practicable following its filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

About New York Mortgage Trust

New York Mortgage Trust, Inc. is a Maryland corporation that has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for federal income tax purposes. NYMT is an internally managed REIT in the business of acquiring, investing in, financing and managing primarily mortgage-related single-family and multi-family residential assets. For a list of defined terms used from time to time in this press release, see “Defined Terms” below.

Defined Terms

The following defines certain of the commonly used terms that may appear in this press release: “RMBS” refers to residential mortgage-backed securities backed by adjustable-rate, hybrid adjustable-rate, or fixed-rate residential loans; “Agency RMBS” refers to RMBS representing interests in or obligations backed by pools of residential loans guaranteed by a government sponsored enterprise (“GSE”), such as the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”), or an agency of the U.S. government, such as the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”); “ABS” refers to debt and/or equity tranches of securitizations backed by various asset classes including, but not limited to, automobiles, aircraft, credit cards, equipment, franchises, recreational vehicles and student loans; “non-Agency RMBS” refers to RMBS that are not guaranteed by any agency of the U.S. Government or any GSE; “IOs” refers collectively to interest only and inverse interest only mortgage-backed securities that represent the right to the interest component of the cash flow from a pool of mortgage loans; “POs” refers to mortgage-backed securities that represent the right to the principal component of the cash flow from a pool of mortgage loans; “CMBS” refers to commercial mortgage-backed securities comprised of commercial mortgage pass-through securities issued by a GSE, as well as PO, IO or mezzanine securities that represent the right to a specific component of the cash flow from a pool of commercial mortgage loans; “multi-family CMBS” refers to CMBS backed by commercial mortgage loans on multi-family properties; “CDO” refers to collateralized debt obligation and includes debt that permanently finances the residential loans held in Consolidated SLST and the Company’s residential loans held in securitization trusts that we consolidate or consolidated in our financial statements in accordance with GAAP; “Consolidated SLST” refers to a Freddie Mac-sponsored residential loan securitization, comprised of seasoned re-performing and non-performing residential loans, of which we own the first loss subordinated securities and certain IOs, that we consolidate in our financial statements in accordance with GAAP; “Consolidated VIEs” refers to variable interest entities (“VIE”) where the Company is the primary beneficiary, as it has both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE and a right to receive benefits or absorb losses of the entity that could be potentially significant to the VIE and that we consolidate in our financial statements in accordance with GAAP; “Consolidated Real Estate VIEs” refers to Consolidated VIEs that own multi-family properties; “business purpose loans” refers to (i) short-term loans that are collateralized by residential properties and are made to investors who intend to rehabilitate and sell the residential property for a profit or (ii) loans that finance (or refinance) non-owner occupied residential properties that are rented to one or more tenants; “Mezzanine Lending” refers, collectively, to preferred equity and mezzanine loan investments; “Multi-Family” portfolio includes multi-family CMBS, preferred equity and mezzanine loan investments and certain equity investments that invest in multi-family assets, including joint venture equity investments; “Single-Family” portfolio includes residential loans, Agency RMBS, non-Agency RMBS and single-family rental properties; and “Other” portfolio includes ABS and an equity investment in an entity that originates residential loans.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

When used in this press release, in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) or in other written or oral communications, statements which are not historical in nature, including those containing words such as “will,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “continue,” “intend,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “may” or similar expressions, are intended to identify “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and, as such, may involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions.

Forward-looking statements are based on estimates, projections, beliefs and assumptions of management of the Company at the time of such statements and are not guarantees of future performance. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties in predicting future results and conditions. Actual results and outcomes could differ materially from those projected in these forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation: changes in the Company’s business and investment strategy; inflation and changes in interest rates and the fair market value of the Company’s assets, including negative changes resulting in margin calls relating to the financing of the Company’s assets; changes in credit spreads; changes in the long-term credit ratings of the U.S., Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Ginnie Mae; general volatility of the markets in which the Company invests; changes in prepayment rates on the loans the Company owns or that underlie the Company’s investment securities; increased rates of default, delinquency or vacancy and/or decreased recovery rates on or at the Company’s assets; the Company’s ability to identify and acquire targeted assets, including assets in its investment pipeline; the Company’s ability to dispose of assets from time to time on terms favorable to it, including the disposition over time of its joint venture equity investments; changes in relationships with the Company’s financing counterparties and the Company’s ability to borrow to finance its assets and the terms thereof; changes in the Company’s relationships with and/or the performance of its operating partners; the Company’s ability to predict and control costs; changes in laws, regulations or policies affecting the Company’s business; the Company’s ability to make distributions to its stockholders in the future; the Company’s ability to maintain its qualification as a REIT for federal tax purposes; the Company’s ability to maintain its exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended; and risks associated with investing in real estate assets, including changes in business conditions and the general economy, the availability of investment opportunities and the conditions in the market for Agency RMBS, non-Agency RMBS, ABS and CMBS securities, residential loans, structured multi-family investments and other mortgage-, residential housing- and credit-related assets.

These and other risks, uncertainties and factors, including the risk factors described in the Company’s reports filed with the SEC pursuant to the Exchange Act, could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements the Company makes. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time and it is not possible to predict those events or how they may affect the Company. Except as required by law, the Company is not obligated to, and does not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

For Further Information


FINANCIAL TABLES FOLLOW


NEW YORK MORTGAGE TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
 September 30,
2023
 December 31,
2022
 (unaudited)  
ASSETS   
Residential loans, at fair value$2,993,895  $3,525,080 
Investment securities available for sale, at fair value 1,602,215   99,559 
Multi-family loans, at fair value 98,435   87,534 
Equity investments, at fair value 155,583   179,746 
Cash and cash equivalents 228,333   244,718 
Real estate, net 704,508   692,968 
Assets of disposal group held for sale 909,731   1,151,784 
Other assets 245,170   259,356 
Total Assets (1)$6,937,870  $6,240,745 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   
Liabilities:   
Repurchase agreements$1,994,728  $737,023 
Collateralized debt obligations ($584,741 at fair value and $1,318,131 at amortized cost, net as of September 30, 2023 and $634,495 at fair value and $1,468,222 at amortized cost, net as of December 31, 2022) 1,902,872   2,102,717 
Senior unsecured notes 97,924   97,384 
Subordinated debentures 45,000   45,000 
Mortgages payable on real estate, net 396,810   394,707 
Liabilities of disposal group held for sale 767,329   883,812 
Other liabilities 116,626   115,991 
Total liabilities (1) 5,321,289   4,376,634 
    
Commitments and Contingencies    
    
Redeemable Non-Controlling Interest in Consolidated Variable Interest Entities 21,026   63,803 
    
Stockholders’ Equity:   
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 31,500,000 shares authorized, 22,164,414 and 22,284,994 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively ($554,110 and $557,125 aggregate liquidation preference as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively) 535,445   538,351 
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 90,684,441 and 91,193,688 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively 907   912 
Additional paid-in capital 2,307,195   2,282,691 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (1,827)  (1,970)
Accumulated deficit (1,266,492)  (1,052,768)
Company’s stockholders’ equity 1,575,228   1,767,216 
Non-controlling interests 20,327   33,092 
Total equity 1,595,555   1,800,308 
Total Liabilities and Equity$6,937,870  $6,240,745 

 

(1) Our condensed consolidated balance sheets include assets and liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”) as the Company is the primary beneficiary of these VIEs. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, assets of consolidated VIEs totaled $3,822,228 and $4,261,097, respectively, and the liabilities of consolidated VIEs totaled $3,092,097 and $3,403,257, respectively.


NEW YORK MORTGAGE TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
 For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
NET INTEREST INCOME:       
Interest income$65,195  $68,920  $179,871  $195,441 
Interest expense 48,406   38,563   130,145   88,767 
Total net interest income 16,789   30,357   49,726   106,674 
        
NET LOSS FROM REAL ESTATE:       
Rental income 34,176   35,354   107,427   90,779 
Other real estate income 8,215   5,430   21,486   11,464 
Total income from real estate 42,391   40,784   128,913   102,243 
Interest expense, mortgages payable on real estate 21,604   16,136   68,158   36,445 
Depreciation and amortization 6,204   32,933   18,371   120,914 
Other real estate expenses 22,371   20,750   66,878   51,517 
Total expenses related to real estate 50,179   69,819   153,407   208,876 
Total net loss from real estate (7,788)  (29,035)  (24,494)  (106,633)
        
OTHER INCOME (LOSS):       
Realized (losses) gains, net (3,679)  19,674   (2,220)  25,867 
Unrealized losses, net (61,295)  (152,078)  (55,738)  (303,430)
Gains on derivative instruments, net 20,993   24,943   38,204   24,943 
Income (loss) from equity investments 2,056   (3,098)  9,223   11,056 
Impairment of real estate (44,157)     (71,296)   
Other income 139   12,747   1,712   15,275 
Total other loss (85,943)  (97,812)  (80,115)  (226,289)
        
GENERAL, ADMINISTRATIVE AND OPERATING EXPENSES:       
General and administrative expenses 11,826   11,610   37,824   39,143 
Portfolio operating expenses 5,161   10,124   17,882   32,303 
Total general, administrative and operating expenses 16,987   21,734   55,706   71,446 
        
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES (93,929)  (118,224)  (110,589)  (297,694)
Income tax benefit (56)  (330)  (59)  (262)
        
NET LOSS (93,873)  (117,894)  (110,530)  (297,432)
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests 9,364   2,617   19,957   36,409 
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMPANY (84,509)  (115,277)  (90,573)  (261,023)
Preferred stock dividends (10,435)  (10,493)  (31,394)  (31,478)
Gain on repurchase of preferred stock 125      467    
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMPANY’S COMMON STOCKHOLDERS$(94,819) $(125,770) $(121,500) $(292,501)
        
Basic loss per common share$(1.04) $(1.33) $(1.33) $(3.08)
Diluted loss per common share$(1.04) $(1.33) $(1.33) $(3.08)
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic 90,984   94,269   91,163   94,919 
Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted 90,984   94,269   91,163   94,919 
                


NEW YORK MORTGAGE TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY (LOSS) EARNINGS
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 For the Three Months Ended
 September 30,
2023
 June 30,
2023
 March 31,
2023
 December 31,
2022
 September 30,
2022
Interest income$65,195  $57,540  $57,136  $62,948  $68,920 
Interest expense 48,406   42,404   39,335   40,651   38,563 
Total net interest income 16,789   15,136   17,801   22,297   30,357 
Total net loss from real estate (7,788)  (7,755)  (8,951)  (6,946)  (29,035)
Total other (loss) income (85,943)  (19,254)  25,081   (35,882)  (97,812)
Total general, administrative and operating expenses 16,987   18,965   19,753   21,882   21,734 
(Loss) income from operations before income taxes (93,929)  (30,838)  14,178   (42,413)  (118,224)
Income tax (benefit) expense (56)  (18)  16   804   (330)
Net (loss) income (93,873)  (30,820)  14,162   (43,217)  (117,894)
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests 9,364   3,892   6,701   5,635   2,617 
Net (loss) income attributable to Company (84,509)  (26,928)  20,863   (37,582)  (115,277)
Preferred stock dividends (10,435)  (10,474)  (10,484)  (10,494)  (10,493)
Gain on repurchase of preferred stock 125   200   142       
Net (loss) income attributable to Company’s common stockholders (94,819)  (37,202)  10,521   (48,076)  (125,770)
Basic (loss) earnings per common share$(1.04) $(0.41) $0.12  $(0.52) $(1.33)
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share$(1.04) $(0.41) $0.11  $(0.52) $(1.33)
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic 90,984   91,193   91,314   92,548   94,269 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted 90,984   91,193   91,672   92,548   94,269 
          
Yield on average interest earning assets (1) 6.03%  6.07%  6.24%  6.49%  6.66%
Net interest spread (1) 0.90%  0.48%  0.41%  1.11%  2.18%
Undepreciated (loss) earnings (1)$(92,637) $(35,022) $12,641  $(46,116) $(101,473)
Undepreciated (loss) earnings per common share (1)$(1.02) $(0.38) $0.14  $(0.50) $(1.08)
Book value per common share$11.26  $12.44  $12.95  $13.27  $14.58 
Adjusted book value per common share (1)$12.93  $14.32  $15.41  $15.89  $16.66 
          
Dividends declared per common share$0.30  $0.30  $0.40  $0.40  $0.40 
Dividends declared per preferred share on Series D Preferred Stock$0.50  $0.50  $0.50  $0.50  $0.50 
Dividends declared per preferred share on Series E Preferred Stock$0.49  $0.49  $0.49  $0.49  $0.49 
Dividends declared per preferred share on Series F Preferred Stock$0.43  $0.43  $0.43  $0.43  $0.43 
Dividends declared per preferred share on Series G Preferred Stock$0.44  $0.44  $0.44  $0.44  $0.44 


(1) Represents a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of the Company’s non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measure is included below in “Reconciliation of Financial Information.”


Reconciliation of Financial Information

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the results presented in accordance with GAAP, this press release includes certain non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted interest income, adjusted interest expense, adjusted net interest income, yield on average interest earning assets, average financing cost, net interest spread, undepreciated earnings and adjusted book value per common share. Our management team believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, when considered with our GAAP financial statements, provide supplemental information useful for investors as it enables them to evaluate our current performance and trends using the metrics that management uses to operate our business. Our presentation of non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures of other companies, who may use different calculations. Because these measures are not calculated in accordance with GAAP, they should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, the financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. Our GAAP financial results and the reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures included in this press release to the most directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP should be carefully evaluated.

Adjusted Net Interest Income and Net Interest Spread

Financial results for the Company during a given period include the net interest income earned on our investment portfolio of residential loans, RMBS, CMBS, ABS and preferred equity investments and mezzanine loans, where the risks and payment characteristics are equivalent to and accounted for as loans (collectively, our “interest earning assets”). Adjusted net interest income and net interest spread (both supplemental non-GAAP financial measures) are impacted by factors such as our cost of financing, including our hedging costs, and the interest rate that our investments bear. Furthermore, the amount of premium or discount paid on purchased investments and the prepayment rates on investments will impact adjusted net interest income as such factors will be amortized over the expected term of such investments.

We provide the following non-GAAP financial measures, in total and by investment category, for the respective periods:

  • adjusted interest income – calculated as our GAAP interest income reduced by the interest expense recognized on Consolidated SLST CDOs,
  • adjusted interest expense – calculated as our GAAP interest expense reduced by the interest expense recognized on Consolidated SLST CDOs and adjusted to include the net interest component of interest rate swaps,
  • adjusted net interest income – calculated by subtracting adjusted interest expense from adjusted interest income,
  • yield on average interest earning assets – calculated as the quotient of our adjusted interest income and our average interest earning assets and excludes all Consolidated SLST assets other than those securities owned by the Company,
  • average financing cost – calculated as the quotient of our adjusted interest expense and the average outstanding balance of our interest bearing liabilities, excluding Consolidated SLST CDOs and mortgages payable on real estate, and
  • net interest spread – calculated as the difference between our yield on average interest earning assets and our average financing cost.

These measures remove the impact of Consolidated SLST that we consolidate in accordance with GAAP and include the net interest component of interest rate swaps utilized to hedge the variable cash flows associated with our variable-rate borrowings, which is included in gains (losses) on derivative instruments, net in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations. With respect to Consolidated SLST, we only include the interest income earned by the Consolidated SLST securities that are actually owned by the Company as the Company only receives income or absorbs losses related to the Consolidated SLST securities actually owned by the Company. We include the net interest component of interest rate swaps in these measures to more fully represent the cost of our financing strategy.

We provide the non-GAAP financial measures listed above because we believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors and management with additional detail and enhance their understanding of our interest earning asset yields, in total and by investment category, relative to the cost of our financing and the underlying trends within our portfolio of interest earning assets. In addition to the foregoing, our management team uses these measures to assess, among other things, the performance of our interest earning assets in total and by asset, possible cash flows from our interest earning assets in total and by asset, our ability to finance or borrow against the asset and the terms of such financing and the composition of our portfolio of interest earning assets, including acquisition and disposition determinations.

Prior to the quarter ended December 31, 2022, we also reduced GAAP interest expense by the interest expense on mortgages payable on real estate. Commencing with the quarter ended December 31, 2022, we reclassified the interest expense on mortgages payable on real estate to expenses related to real estate on our condensed consolidated statements of operations and, as such, it is no longer included in GAAP interest expense. Prior period disclosures have been conformed to the current period presentation.

A reconciliation of GAAP interest income to adjusted interest income, GAAP interest expense to adjusted interest expense and GAAP total net interest income to adjusted net interest income for the three months ended as of the dates indicated is presented below (dollar amounts in thousands):

 September 30, 2023
 Single-Family Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
GAAP interest income$61,346  $3,849 $  $65,195 
GAAP interest expense (44,101)    (4,305)  (48,406)
GAAP total net interest income$17,245  $3,849 $(4,305) $16,789 
        
GAAP interest income$61,346  $3,849 $  $65,195 
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense (5,957)       (5,957)
Adjusted interest income$55,389  $3,849 $  $59,238 
        
GAAP interest expense$(44,101) $ $(4,305) $(48,406)
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense 5,957        5,957 
Net interest benefit of interest rate swaps 2,994     872   3,866 
Adjusted interest expense$(35,150) $ $(3,433) $(38,583)
        
Adjusted net interest income (1)$20,239  $3,849 $(3,433) $20,655 


 June 30, 2023
 Single-Family Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
GAAP interest income$53,907  $3,618 $15  $57,540 
GAAP interest expense (38,542)    (3,862)  (42,404)
GAAP total net interest income$15,365  $3,618 $(3,847) $15,136 
        
GAAP interest income$53,907  $3,618 $15  $57,540 
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense (5,966)       (5,966)
Adjusted interest income$47,941  $3,618 $15  $51,574 
        
GAAP interest expense$(38,542) $ $(3,862) $(42,404)
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense 5,966        5,966 
Net interest benefit of interest rate swaps 909     555   1,464 
Adjusted interest expense$(31,667) $ $(3,307) $(34,974)
        
Adjusted net interest income (1)$16,274  $3,618 $(3,292) $16,600 


 March 31, 2023
 Single-Family Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
GAAP interest income$53,519  $3,569 $48  $57,136 
GAAP interest expense (36,759)    (2,576)  (39,335)
GAAP total net interest income$16,760  $3,569 $(2,528) $17,801 
        
GAAP interest income$53,519  $3,569 $48  $57,136 
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense (6,315)       (6,315)
Adjusted interest income$47,204  $3,569 $48  $50,821 
        
GAAP interest expense$(36,759) $ $(2,576) $(39,335)
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense 6,315        6,315 
Net interest benefit of interest rate swaps 37     29   66 
Adjusted interest expense$(30,407) $ $(2,547) $(32,954)
        
Adjusted net interest income (1)$16,797  $3,569 $(2,499) $17,867 


 December 31, 2022
 Single-Family Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
GAAP interest income$59,370  $3,514 $64  $62,948 
GAAP interest expense (38,163)    (2,488)  (40,651)
GAAP total net interest income$21,207  $3,514 $(2,424) $22,297 
        
GAAP interest income$59,370  $3,514 $64  $62,948 
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense (6,348)       (6,348)
Adjusted interest income$53,022  $3,514 $64  $56,600 
        
GAAP interest expense$(38,163) $ $(2,488) $(40,651)
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense 6,348        6,348 
Adjusted interest expense$(31,815) $ $(2,488) $(34,303)
        
Adjusted net interest income (1)$21,207  $3,514 $(2,424) $22,297 


 September 30, 2022
 Single-Family Multi-Family Corporate/Other Total
GAAP interest income$64,278  $3,414  $1,228  $68,920 
GAAP interest expense (36,221)  (30)  (2,312)  (38,563)
GAAP total net interest income$28,057  $3,384  $(1,084) $30,357 
        
GAAP interest income$64,278  $3,414  $1,228  $68,920 
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense (6,611)        (6,611)
Adjusted interest income$57,667  $3,414  $1,228  $62,309 
        
GAAP interest expense$(36,221) $(30) $(2,312) $(38,563)
Adjusted for:       
Consolidated SLST CDO interest expense 6,611         6,611 
Adjusted interest expense$(29,610) $(30) $(2,312) $(31,952)
        
Adjusted net interest income (1)$28,057  $3,384  $(1,084) $30,357 


(1) Adjusted net interest income is calculated by subtracting adjusted interest expense from adjusted interest income.


Undepreciated (Loss) Earnings

Undepreciated (loss) earnings is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure defined as GAAP net (loss) income attributable to Company’s common stockholders excluding the Company’s share in depreciation expense and lease intangible amortization expense related to operating real estate, net. By excluding these non-cash adjustments from our operating results, we believe that the presentation of undepreciated (loss) earnings provides a consistent measure of our operating performance and useful information to investors to evaluate the effective net return on our portfolio. In addition, we believe that presenting undepreciated (loss) earnings enables our investors to measure, evaluate, and compare our operating performance to that of our peers.

A reconciliation of net (loss) income attributable to Company’s common stockholders to undepreciated (loss) earnings for the respective periods ended is presented below (amounts in thousands, except per share data):

 For the Three Months Ended
 September 30,
2023
 June 30,
2023
 March 31,
2023
 December 31,
2022
 September 30,
2022
Net (loss) income attributable to Company’s common stockholders$(94,819) $(37,202) $10,521 $(48,076) $(125,770)
Add:         
Depreciation expense on operating real estate 2,182   2,180   2,120  1,960   11,104 
Amortization of lease intangibles related to operating real estate            13,193 
Undepreciated (loss) earnings$(92,637) $(35,022) $12,641 $(46,116) $(101,473)
          
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic 90,984   91,193   91,314  92,548   94,269 
Undepreciated (loss) earnings per common share$(1.02) $(0.38) $0.14 $(0.50) $(1.08)
                   

Adjusted Book Value Per Common Share

Previously, we presented undepreciated book value per common share as a non-GAAP financial measure. Commencing with the quarter ended December 31, 2022, we discontinued disclosure of undepreciated book value per common share and instead present adjusted book value per common share, also a non-GAAP financial measure.

When presented in prior periods, undepreciated book value was calculated by excluding from GAAP book value the Company’s share of cumulative depreciation and lease intangible amortization expenses related to real estate held at the end of the period. Since we began disclosing undepreciated book value, we identified additional items as materially affecting our book value and believe they should also be incorporated in order to provide a more useful non-GAAP measure for investors to evaluate our current performance and trends and facilitate the comparison of our financial performance and adjusted book value per common share to that of our peers. Accordingly, we calculate adjusted book value per common share by making the following adjustments to GAAP book value: (i) exclude the Company’s share of cumulative depreciation and lease intangible amortization expenses related to real estate held at the end of the period for which an impairment has not been recognized, (ii) exclude the cumulative adjustment of redeemable non-controlling interests to estimated redemption value and (iii) adjust our liabilities that finance our investment portfolio to fair value.

Our rental property portfolio includes fee simple interests in single-family rental homes and joint venture equity interests in multi-family properties owned by Consolidated Real Estate VIEs. By excluding our share of cumulative non-cash depreciation and amortization expenses related to real estate held at the end of the period for which an impairment has not been recognized, adjusted book value reflects the value, at their undepreciated basis, of our single-family rental properties and joint venture equity investments that the Company has determined to be recoverable at the end of the period.

Additionally, in connection with third party ownership of certain of the non-controlling interests in certain of the Consolidated Real Estate VIEs, we record redeemable non-controlling interests as mezzanine equity on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The holders of the redeemable non-controlling interests may elect to sell their ownership interests to us at fair value once a year, subject to annual minimum and maximum amount limitations, resulting in an adjustment of the redeemable non-controlling interests to fair value that is accounted for by us as an equity transaction in accordance with GAAP. A key component of the estimation of fair value of the redeemable non-controlling interests is the estimated fair value of the multi-family apartment properties held by the applicable Consolidated Real Estate VIEs. However, because the corresponding real estate assets are not reported at fair value and thus not adjusted to reflect unrealized gains or losses in our condensed consolidated financial statements, the cumulative adjustment of the redeemable non-controlling interests to fair value directly affects our GAAP book value. By excluding the cumulative adjustment of redeemable non-controlling interests to estimated redemption value, adjusted book value more closely aligns the accounting treatment applied to these real estate assets and reflects our joint venture equity investment at its undepreciated basis.

The substantial majority of our remaining assets are financial or similar instruments that are carried at fair value in accordance with the fair value option in our condensed consolidated financial statements. However, unlike our use of the fair value option for the assets in our investment portfolio, the CDOs issued by our residential loan securitizations, senior unsecured notes and subordinated debentures that finance our investment portfolio assets are carried at amortized cost in our condensed consolidated financial statements. By adjusting these financing instruments to fair value, adjusted book value reflects the Company’s net equity in investments on a comparable fair value basis.

We believe that the presentation of adjusted book value per common share provides a more useful measure for investors and us than undepreciated book value as it provides a more consistent measure of our value, allows management to effectively consider our financial position and facilitates the comparison of our financial performance to that of our peers.

A reconciliation of GAAP book value to adjusted book value and calculation of adjusted book value per common share as of the dates indicated is presented below (amounts in thousands, except per share data):

 September 30,
2023
 June 30,
2023
 March 31,
2023
 December 31,
2022
 September 30,
2022
Company’s stockholders’ equity$1,575,228  $1,690,712  $1,737,506  $1,767,216  $1,917,506 
Preferred stock liquidation preference (554,110)  (555,699)  (556,645)  (557,125)  (557,125)
GAAP book value 1,021,118   1,135,013   1,180,861   1,210,091   1,360,381 
Add:         
Cumulative depreciation expense on real estate (1) 21,817   23,157   33,553   31,433   29,473 
Cumulative amortization of lease intangibles related to real estate (1) 21,356   30,843   59,844   59,844   59,844 
Cumulative adjustment of redeemable non-controlling interest to estimated redemption value 17,043   27,640   44,237   44,237    
Adjustment of amortized cost liabilities to fair value 90,929   90,129   86,978   103,066   104,518 
Adjusted book value$1,172,263  $1,306,782  $1,405,473  $1,448,671  $1,554,216 
          
Common shares outstanding 90,684   91,250   91,180   91,194   93,288 
GAAP book value per common share (2)$11.26  $12.44  $12.95  $13.27  $14.58 
Adjusted book value per common share (3)$12.93  $14.32  $15.41  $15.89  $16.66 


(1) Represents cumulative adjustments for the Company’s share of depreciation expense and amortization of lease intangibles related to real estate held as of the end of the period presented for which an impairment has not been recognized.
(2) GAAP book value per common share is calculated using the GAAP book value and the common shares outstanding for the periods indicated.
(3) Adjusted book value per common share is calculated using the adjusted book value and the common shares outstanding for the periods indicated.


Equity Investments in Multi-Family Entities

We own joint venture equity investments in entities that own multi-family properties. We determined that these joint venture entities are VIEs and that we are the primary beneficiary of all but two of these VIEs, resulting in consolidation of the VIEs where we are the primary beneficiary, including their assets, liabilities, income and expenses, in our condensed consolidated financial statements with non-controlling interests for the third-party ownership of the joint ventures’ membership interests. With respect to the two additional joint venture equity investments for which we determined that we are not the primary beneficiary, we record our equity investments at fair value.

In September 2022, the Company announced a repositioning of its business through the opportunistic disposition over time of the Company’s joint venture equity investments in multi-family properties and reallocation of its capital away from such assets to its targeted assets. Accordingly, the Company determined that certain joint venture equity investments met the criteria to be classified as held for sale and transferred the assets and liabilities of the respective Consolidated VIEs and its unconsolidated multi-family joint venture equity investments to assets and liabilities of disposal group held for sale.

A reconciliation of our net equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties and disposal group held for sale to our condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2023 is shown below (dollar amounts in thousands):

Cash and cash equivalents $7,120 
Real estate, net  542,797 
Assets of disposal group held for sale  909,731 
Other assets  17,456 
Total assets $1,477,104 
   
Mortgages payable on real estate, net $396,810 
Liabilities of disposal group held for sale  767,329 
Other liabilities  12,373 
Total liabilities $1,176,512 
   
Redeemable non-controlling interest in Consolidated VIEs $21,026 
Less: Cumulative adjustment of redeemable non-controlling interest to estimated redemption value  (17,043)
Non-controlling interest in Consolidated VIEs  8,057 
Non-controlling interest in disposal group held for sale  12,145 
Net equity investment (1) $276,407 


(1) The Company’s net equity investment as of September 30, 2023 consists of $146.2 million of net equity investments in consolidated multi-family properties and $130.3 million of net equity investments in disposal group held for sale.


Coordonnées