VANCOUVER, BC--(Marketwired - August 17, 2017) - Canadians have been able to qualify for much larger mortgages over the past two decades because of declining interest rates and rising incomes, and that has more than likely translated into higher home prices, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

"Increased borrowing power, brought about by falling interest rates and rising incomes, is potentially the most overlooked and least understood factor influencing home prices across Canada," said Niels Veldhuis, president of the Fraser Institute.

The new study, Interest Rates and Mortgage Borrowing Power in Canada, finds that between 2000 and 2016, interest rates fell from 7.0 to 2.7 per cent, which increased Canadians' mortgage-borrowing power -- the maximum size of mortgage homebuyers can qualify for -- by 53 per cent.

Rising incomes across Canada during that same time -- also up a nominal 53 per cent nationwide -- amplified the increased borrowing power for homebuyers.

Coupled together, the falling interest rates and rising incomes increased Canadians' mortgage-borrowing power by a staggering 126 per cent.

In major urban areas across Canada, Calgary saw the greatest increase in mortgage-borrowing power at 161 per cent, more than Vancouver (118 per cent), Montreal (115 per cent) and Toronto (100 per cent).

"This increase in borrowing power -- in simple terms -- means that an average Canadian family, dedicating the same share of their income to monthly mortgage payments, can afford a mortgage that's more than twice as big now as it would have been in 2000," Veldhuis said.

The increased capacity to borrow means that homebuyers can bid up the price of homes since the supply of housing is not immediately responsive to changes in demand.

"As would-be homebuyers and governments contend with rising prices across Canada, policy makers should look closely at the impact of interest rates, rising incomes and increased mortgage borrowing power on home prices," Veldhuis added.

Niels Veldhuis, President
Fraser Institute

Josef Filipowicz, Senior Policy Analyst
Fraser Institute

To arrange media interviews or for more information, please contact:
Bryn Weese
Media Relations Specialist, Fraser Institute
(604) 688-0221 ext. 589

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The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of think-tanks in 87 countries. Its mission is to improve the quality of life for Canadians, their families and future generations by studying, measuring and broadly communicating the effects of government policies, entrepreneurship and choice on their well-being. To protect the Institute's independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit

Contact Information:

Bryn Weese
Media Relations Specialist
Fraser Institute
(604) 688-0221 ext. 589