OTTAWA, ON--(Marketwired - October 12, 2017) - Canada lags far behind other developed countries when it comes to business investment, which is critical to grow the economy and increase living standards, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

"When businesses invest in the latest technologies and production techniques and expand their operations, it spurs economic growth and raises living standards for workers," said Philip Cross, former chief economic analyst for Statistics Canada and author of Business Investment in Canada Falls Far Behind Other Industrialized Countries.

The study finds that Canada has suffered persistently weak levels of business investment -- money firms spend on buildings, machinery and equipment, research and development -- since at least 2000.

The last energy boom temporarily masked Canada's low levels of investment in other industries, but since the fall of energy prices in 2014, business investment in Canada is back to previously low levels. In fact, since the end of the third quarter of 2014, business investment in Canada has declined a staggering 18 per cent (after accounting for inflation).

Crucially, Canada has one of the lowest levels of business investment among 17 developed countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Business investment as a share of GDP (that is, business investment relative to the overall size of the economy) between 2015 and this year is projected to be just 10.9 per cent in Canada -- the second lowest among the 17 countries -- compared to, for example, South Korea (21.3 per cent), Australia (15.7), Sweden (15.0) and the U.S. (13.3).

And Canada ranks 15th out of 17 in business investment per worker at just $9,290 compared to, for example, Switzerland ($17,423) and the U.S. ($14,889). Put differently, Canadian workers have just 62 per cent of the capital available to them that American workers do.

"With low levels of business investment compared to other developed countries, Canadian workers do not have access to the tools and technology they need to be more productive and earn higher incomes," Cross said.

"The factors affecting business investment are complex, but governments across Canada have aggravated the problem in recent years with an onslaught of economically damaging policies such as higher taxes, costly regulations and increased uncertainty about future taxes by adding billions in debt."


Philip Cross, Researcher

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The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of think-tanks in 87 countries. Its mission is to improve the quality of life for Canadians, their families and future generations by studying, measuring and broadly communicating the effects of government policies, entrepreneurship and choice on their well-being. To protect the Institute's independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit

Contact Information:

Contact Information:
Bryn Weese
Media Relations Specialist
(604) 688-0221 ext. 589