Cisco Reports First Quarter Earnings

San Jose, California, UNITED STATES

  • Q1 Results:
    • Revenue: $13.1 billion
      • Increase of 8% year over year
    • Earnings per Share: GAAP: $0.77; Non-GAAP: $0.75
      • Non-GAAP EPS increased 23% year over year
  • Q2 FY 2019 Guidance (normalized to exclude SPVSS business):
    • Revenue: 5% to 7% growth year over year
    • Earnings per Share: GAAP: $0.56 to $0.61; Non-GAAP: $0.71 to $0.73

SAN JOSE, Calif., Nov. 14, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Cisco today reported first quarter results for the period ended October 27, 2018. Cisco reported first quarter revenue of $13.1 billion, net income on a generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) basis of $3.5 billion or $0.77 per share, and non-GAAP net income of $3.5 billion or $0.75 per share.

“We had a strong start to fiscal 2019 and we believe our opportunity has never been greater,” said Chuck Robbins, chairman and CEO of Cisco. “Our customers are looking to Cisco as a trusted partner to help them operate in a multi-cloud world and to transform their businesses. Our strategy is working and we are well positioned with our growing and differentiated portfolio across multiple domains to bring our customers a more secure, automated and simple IT infrastructure.”

GAAP Results

  Q1 FY 2019 Q1 FY 2018 Vs. Q1 FY 2018
Revenue $13.1billion $12.1billion 8%
Net Income $3.5billion $2.4billion 48%
Diluted Earnings per Share (EPS) $0.77  $0.48  60%

Non-GAAP Results

  Q1 FY 2019 Q1 FY 2018 Vs. Q1 FY 2018
Net Income $3.5billion $3.0billion 14%
EPS $0.75  $0.61  23%

Reconciliations between net income, EPS, and other measures on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis are provided in the tables located in the section entitled "Reconciliations of GAAP to non-GAAP Measures."

“We executed well, with broad-based growth across all of our geographies, product categories and customer segments, and delivered 8% revenue growth and 23% non-GAAP EPS growth,” said Kelly Kramer, CFO of Cisco. “We are seeing the returns on our investments in innovation as we continue to transform our business model.”

Financial Summary

All comparative percentages are on a year-over-year basis unless otherwise noted.

Q1 FY 2019 Highlights

Revenue -- Total revenue was $13.1 billion, up 8%, with product revenue up 9% and service revenue up 3%. Revenue by geographic segment was: Americas up 5%, EMEA up 11%, and APJC up 12%. Product revenue performance was generally broad based with growth in Applications, up 18%, Security, up 11%, and Infrastructure Platforms, up 9%.

Gross Margin -- On a GAAP basis, total gross margin, product gross margin, and service gross margin were 62.3%, 61.6%, and 64.6%, respectively, as compared with 61.2%, 60.1%, and 64.5%, respectively, in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

On a non-GAAP basis, total gross margin, product gross margin, and service gross margin were 63.8%, 63.2%, and 65.7%, respectively, as compared with 63.7%, 63.0%, and 65.6%, respectively in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

Total gross margins by geographic segment were: 65.4% for the Americas, 64.2% for EMEA and 57.2% for APJC.

Operating Expenses -- On a GAAP basis, operating expenses were $4.3 billion, down 7%. Non-GAAP operating expenses were $4.2 billion, up 3%, and were 31.9% of revenue.

Operating Income -- GAAP operating income was $3.8 billion, up 38%, with GAAP operating margin of 29.1%. Non-GAAP operating income was $4.2 billion, up 13%, with non-GAAP operating margin at 31.9%.

Provision for Income Taxes -- The GAAP tax provision rate was 9.2%. The non-GAAP tax provision rate was 19.0%.

Net Income and EPS -- On a GAAP basis, net income was $3.5 billion and EPS was $0.77. On a non-GAAP basis, net income was $3.5 billion, an increase of 14%, and EPS was $0.75, an increase of 23%.

Cash Flow from Operating Activities -- $3.8 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2019, an increase of 22% compared with $3.1 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Operating cash flow includes the receipt of $0.4 billion in relation to the litigation settlement with Arista Networks. Operating cash flow increased 9%, normalized for this receipt.

Balance Sheet and Other Financial Highlights

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Investments -- $42.6 billion at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2019, compared with $46.5 billion at the end of fiscal 2018.

Deferred Revenue -- $16.8 billion, down 9% in total, with deferred product revenue down 24%. Deferred service revenue was up 1%.

Capital Allocation -- For the first quarter of fiscal 2019, Cisco returned $6.5 billion to shareholders through share buybacks and dividends. Cisco declared and paid a cash dividend of $0.33 per common share, or $1.5 billion. Cisco repurchased approximately 109 million shares of common stock under its stock repurchase program at an average price of $46.01 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $5.0 billion. The remaining authorized amount for stock repurchases under the program is $14.0 billion with no termination date.

Acquisitions and Divestitures

In the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we closed the acquisition of Duo Security, a privately held company that provides unified access security and multi-factor authentication delivered through the cloud. We also closed the acquisition of July Systems, Inc., a privately held company that provides an enterprise-grade location platform through cloud-based subscription offerings.

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, we announced an agreement to sell our Service Provider Video Software Solutions (SPVSS) business. This transaction closed in the second quarter of fiscal 2019.

Guidance for Q2 FY 2019

In the second quarter of fiscal 2019 on October 28, 2018, Cisco completed its divestiture of the SPVSS business. In order to provide a clear view of Cisco's continuing expected performance, the revenue outlook for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 is normalized to exclude the SPVSS business for the second quarter of fiscal 2018. The corresponding revenue in the second quarter of fiscal 2018 for the SPVSS business was $230 million.

Cisco expects to achieve the following results for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 (normalized to exclude SPVSS business):

Q2 FY 2019  
Revenue 5% - 7% growth Y/Y
Non-GAAP gross margin rate 63.5% - 64.5%
Non-GAAP operating margin rate 30.5% - 31.5%
Non-GAAP tax provision rate 19%
Non-GAAP EPS $0.71 - $0.73

Cisco estimates that GAAP EPS will be $0.56 to $0.61 in the second quarter of fiscal 2019.

A reconciliation between the Guidance for Q2 FY 2019 on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis is provided in the table entitled "GAAP to non-GAAP Guidance for Q2 FY 2019" located in the section entitled "Reconciliations of GAAP to non-GAAP Measures."

Editor's Notes:

  • Q1 fiscal year 2019 conference call to discuss Cisco's results along with its guidance will be held on Wednesday, November 14, 2018 at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time. Conference call number is 1-888-848-6507 (United States) or 1-212-519-0847 (international).

  • Conference call replay will be available from 4:00 p.m. Pacific Time, November 14, 2018 to 4:00 p.m. Pacific Time, November 21, 2018 at 1-866-501-5114 (United States) or 1-203-369-1838 (international). The replay will also be available via webcast on the Cisco Investor Relations website at

  • Additional information regarding Cisco's financials, as well as a webcast of the conference call with visuals designed to guide participants through the call, will be available at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time, November 14, 2018. Text of the conference call's prepared remarks will be available within 24 hours of completion of the call. The webcast will include both the prepared remarks and the question-and-answer session. This information, along with the GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation information, will be available on the Cisco Investor Relations website at

(In millions, except per-share amounts)

 Three Months Ended
 October 27, 2018 October 28, 2017
Product$9,890  $9,054 
Service3,182  3,082 
       Total revenue13,072  12,136 
Product3,799  3,615 
Service1,127  1,094 
       Total cost of sales4,926  4,709 
GROSS MARGIN8,146  7,427 
Research and development1,608  1,567 
Sales and marketing2,410  2,334 
General and administrative211  557 
Amortization of purchased intangible assets34  61 
Restructuring and other charges78  152 
       Total operating expenses4,341  4,671 
Interest income344  379 
Interest expense(221) (235)
Other income (loss), net(19) 62 
       Interest and other income (loss), net104  206 
Provision for income taxes360  568 
NET INCOME$3,549  $2,394 
Net income per share:   
Basic$0.78  $0.48 
Diluted$0.77  $0.48 
Shares used in per-share calculation:   
Basic4,565  4,959 
Diluted4,614  4,994 
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.33  $0.29 

(In millions, except percentages)

  Three Months Ended
  October 27, 2018
  Amount Y/Y %
Americas $7,751  5%
EMEA 3,224  11%
APJC 2,096  12%
      Total $13,072  8%

 Amounts may not sum and percentages may not recalculate due to rounding.

(In percentages)

  Three Months Ended
  October 27, 2018
Gross Margin Percentage:  
Americas 65.4%
EMEA 64.2%
APJC 57.2%

(In millions, except percentages)

  Three Months Ended
  October 27, 2018
  Amount Y/Y %
Infrastructure Platforms $7,642  9%
Applications 1,419  18%
Security 651  11%
Other Products 178  (38)%
   Total Product 9,890  9%
Services 3,182  3%
         Total $13,072  8%

Amounts may not sum and percentages may not recalculate due to rounding.

(In millions)

 October 27, 2018 July 28, 2018
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$8,410  $8,934 
Investments34,183  37,614 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $130 at October 27, 2018 and $129 at July 28, 20184,536  5,554 
Inventories1,572  1,846 
Financing receivables, net4,851  4,949 
Other current assets2,134  2,940 
Total current assets55,686  61,837 
Property and equipment, net2,956  3,006 
Financing receivables, net4,644  4,882 
Goodwill33,386  31,706 
Purchased intangible assets, net2,716  2,552 
Deferred tax assets3,960  3,219 
Other assets2,081  1,582 
TOTAL ASSETS$105,429  $108,784 
Current liabilities:   
Short-term debt$7,241  $5,238 
Accounts payable1,805  1,904 
Income taxes payable1,084  1,004 
Accrued compensation2,622  2,986 
Deferred revenue9,637  11,490 
Other current liabilities4,025  4,413 
Total current liabilities26,414  27,035 
Long-term debt18,323  20,331 
Income taxes payable8,216  8,585 
Deferred revenue7,177  8,195 
Other long-term liabilities1,451  1,434 
Total liabilities61,581  65,580 
Total equity43,848  43,204 

(In millions)

 Three Months Ended
 October 27,
 October 28,
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$3,549  $2,394 
     Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
     Depreciation, amortization, and other465  566 
     Share-based compensation expense403  392 
     Provision (benefit) for receivables8  (17)
     Deferred income taxes(72) 178 
     (Gains) losses on divestitures, investments and other, net7  (56)
     Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures:   
         Accounts receivable892  957 
         Inventories(34) (80)
         Financing receivables273  (333)
         Other assets(295) 8 
         Accounts payable(153) (235)
         Income taxes, net(437) (419)
         Accrued compensation(348) (215)
         Deferred revenue(309) 77 
         Other liabilities(186) (137)
             Net cash provided by operating activities3,763  3,080 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of investments(484) (8,275)
Proceeds from sales of investments2,805  2,682 
Proceeds from maturities of investments2,541  3,929 
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash and cash equivalents acquired(1,964) (725)
Purchases of investments in privately held companies(29) (20)
Return of investments in privately held companies16  81 
Acquisition of property and equipment(212) (168)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment2  1 
Other  (10)
             Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities2,675  (2,505)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Issuances of common stock8  9 
Repurchases of common stock - repurchase program(5,076) (1,686)
Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock units(318) (342)
Short-term borrowings, original maturities of 90 days or less, net  (2,498)
Issuances of debt  5,482 
Repayments of debt  (748)
Dividends paid(1,500) (1,436)
Other(59) (31)
             Net cash used in financing activities(6,945) (1,250)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(507) (675)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period8,993  11,773 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$8,486  $11,098 
Supplemental cash flow information:   
Cash paid for interest$269  $283 
Cash paid for income taxes, net$869  $810 

Prior period information has been retrospectively adjusted due to the adoption of ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows, Restricted Cash in the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2019.

(In millions)

 October 27, 2018 July 28, 2018 October 28, 2017
Deferred revenue:     
Service$11,062  $11,431  $10,991 
Product5,752  8,254  7,574 
       Total$16,814  $19,685  $18,565 
Reported as:     
Current$9,637  $11,490  $10,920 
Noncurrent7,177  8,195  7,645 
       Total$16,814  $19,685  $18,565 

(In millions, except per-share amounts)

Quarter Ended Per Share Amount Shares Weighted-Average Price per Share Amount Amount
Fiscal 2019            
October 27, 2018 $0.33  $1,500  109  $46.01  $5,026  $6,526 
Fiscal 2018            
July 28, 2018 $0.33  $1,535  138  $43.58  $6,015  $7,550 
April 28, 2018 $0.33  $1,572  140  $42.83  $6,015  $7,587 
January 27, 2018 $0.29  $1,425  103  $39.07  $4,011  $5,436 
October 28, 2017 $0.29  $1,436  51  $31.80  $1,620  $3,056 


(In millions, except per-share amounts)

 Three Months Ended
 October 27,
 October 28,
GAAP net income$3,549  $2,394 
Adjustments to cost of sales:   
Share-based compensation expense56  57 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets136  139 
Supplier component remediation charge (adjustment), net(1) (19)
Acquisition-related/divestiture costs4   
Legal and indemnification settlements  122 
Total adjustments to GAAP cost of sales195  299 
Adjustments to operating expenses:   
Share-based compensation expense329  335 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets34  61 
Acquisition-related/divestiture costs121  83 
Legal and indemnification settlements(395)  
Significant asset impairments and restructurings78  152 
Total adjustments to GAAP operating expenses167  631 
Adjustments to GAAP interest and other income (loss), net:   
(Gains) and losses on equity investments(9)  
Total adjustments to GAAP income before provision for income taxes353  930 
Income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments(185) (288)
Significant tax matters(265)  
Total adjustments to GAAP provision for income taxes(450) (288)
Non-GAAP net income$3,452  $3,036 
Diluted net income per share:   
GAAP$0.77  $0.48 
Non-GAAP$0.75  $0.61 


(In millions, except percentages)

 Three Months Ended
 October 27, 2018
 Product Gross Margin Service Gross Margin Total Gross Margin Operating Expenses Y/Y Operating Income Y/Y Interest and other income (loss), net Y/Y Net Income Y/Y
GAAP amount$6,091  $2,055  $8,146  $4,341  (7)% $3,805  38% $104  (50)% $3,549  48%
% of revenue61.6% 64.6% 62.3% 33.2%   29.1%   0.8%   27.1%  
Adjustments to GAAP amounts:                     
Share-based compensation expense23  33  56  329    385        385   
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets136    136  34    170        170   
Supplier component remediation charge (adjustment), net(1)   (1)     (1)       (1)  
Legal and indemnification settlements      (395)   (395)       (395)  
Acquisition/divestiture-related costs2  2  4  121    125        125   
Significant asset impairments and restructurings      78    78        78   
(Gains) and losses on equity investments              (9)   (9)  
Income tax effect/significant tax matters                  (450)  
Non-GAAP amount$6,251  $2,090  $8,341  $4,174  3% $4,167  13% $95  (54)% $3,452  14%
% of revenue63.2% 65.7% 63.8% 31.9%   31.9%   0.7%   26.4%  

 Three Months Ended
 October 28, 2017
 Product Gross Margin Service Gross Margin Total Gross Margin Operating Expenses Operating
GAAP amount$5,439  $1,988  $7,427  $4,671  $2,756  $2,394 
% of revenue60.1% 64.5% 61.2% 38.5% 22.7% 19.7%
Adjustments to GAAP amounts:           
Share-based compensation expense23  34  57  335  392  392 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets139    139  61  200  200 
Supplier component remediation charge (adjustment), net(19)   (19)   (19) (19)
Legal and indemnification settlements122    122    122  122 
Acquisition/divestiture-related costs      83  83  83 
Significant asset impairments and restructurings      152  152  152 
Income tax effect          (288)
Non-GAAP amount$5,704  $2,022  $7,726  $4,040  $3,686  $3,036 
% of revenue63.0% 65.6% 63.7% 33.3% 30.4% 25.0%


(In percentages)

 Three Months Ended
 October 27, 2018 October 28, 2017
GAAP effective tax rate9.2% 19.2%
Total adjustments to GAAP provision for income taxes9.8% 2.8%
Non-GAAP effective tax rate19.0% 22.0%


Q2 FY 2019 Gross Margin Rate Operating Margin Rate Tax Provision Rate Earnings per Share (2)
GAAP 62% - 63% 24.5%- 25.5% 17% $0.56 - $0.61
Estimated adjustments for:        
Share-based compensation expense 0.5% 3.0%  $0.06 - $0.07
Amortization of purchased intangible assets and other acquisition-related/divestiture costs 1.0% 1.0%  $0.02 - $0.03
Restructuring and other charges (1)  2.0%  $0.04 - $0.05
Income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments     2%  
Non-GAAP 63.5% - 64.5% 30.5% - 31.5% 19% $0.71 - $0.73

(1)  In the third quarter of fiscal 2018, we initiated a restructuring plan in order to realign the organization and enable further investment in key priority areas with estimated pretax charges of approximately $300 million. In the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we expanded the restructuring plan to include an additional $300 million of estimated additional pretax charges. We have recognized pretax charges of $186 million to our GAAP financial results in relation to this restructuring plan since its inception. We expect to recognize approximately $250 million of pretax charges under this plan in the second quarter of fiscal 2019.

(2) Estimated adjustments to GAAP earnings per share are shown after income tax effects.

Except as noted above, this guidance does not include the effects of any future acquisitions/divestitures, asset impairments, restructurings and significant tax matters or other events, which may or may not be significant unless specifically stated.

Forward Looking Statements, Non-GAAP Information and Additional Information

This release may be deemed to contain forward-looking statements, which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding future events (such as capitalizing on our strategic opportunities, the ongoing value customers see in our multi-cloud offerings and our ability to help them transform their businesses, our ability to innovate and to continue to provide a differentiated portfolio across multiple domains to our customers, execution on our strategy and continued progress in transforming our business model, and execution and growth across our geographies, product categories and customer segments) and the future financial performance of Cisco (including the guidance for Q2 FY 2019) that involve risks and uncertainties. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual future events or results due to a variety of factors, including: business and economic conditions and growth trends in the networking industry, our customer markets and various geographic regions; global economic conditions and uncertainties in the geopolitical environment; overall information technology spending; the growth and evolution of the Internet and levels of capital spending on Internet-based systems; variations in customer demand for products and services, including sales to the service provider market and other customer markets; the return on our investments in certain priorities, key growth areas, and in certain geographical locations, as well as maintaining leadership in routing, switching and services; the timing of orders and manufacturing and customer lead times; changes in customer order patterns or customer mix; insufficient, excess or obsolete inventory; variability of component costs; variations in sales channels, product costs or mix of products sold; our ability to successfully acquire businesses and technologies and to successfully integrate and operate these acquired businesses and technologies; our ability to achieve expected benefits of our partnerships; increased competition in our product and service markets, including the data center market; dependence on the introduction and market acceptance of new product offerings and standards; rapid technological and market change; manufacturing and sourcing risks; product defects and returns; litigation involving patents, intellectual property, antitrust, shareholder and other matters, and governmental investigations; our ability to achieve the benefits of the announced restructuring and possible changes in the size and timing of the related charges; problems such as cyber-attacks, data breaches, malware or terrorism; natural catastrophic events; a pandemic or epidemic; our ability to achieve the benefits anticipated from our investments in sales, engineering, service, marketing and manufacturing activities; our ability to recruit and retain key personnel; our ability to manage financial risk, and to manage expenses during economic downturns; risks related to the global nature of our operations, including our operations in emerging markets; currency fluctuations and other international factors; changes in provision for income taxes, including changes in tax laws and regulations or adverse outcomes resulting from examinations of our income tax returns; potential volatility in operating results; and other factors listed in Cisco's most recent report on Form 10-K filed on September 6, 2018. The financial information contained in this release should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Cisco's most recent report on Form 10-K as it may be amended from time to time. Cisco's results of operations for the three months ended October 27, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of Cisco's operating results for any future periods. Any projections in this release are based on limited information currently available to Cisco, which is subject to change. Although any such projections and the factors influencing them will likely change, Cisco will not necessarily update the information, since Cisco will only provide guidance at certain points during the year. Such information speaks only as of the date of this release.

This release includes non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP gross margins, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating income and margin, non-GAAP effective tax rates, non-GAAP interest and other income (loss), net, and non-GAAP net income per share data for the periods presented. It also includes future estimated ranges for gross margin, operating margin, tax provision rate and EPS on a non-GAAP basis.

These non-GAAP measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative for, measures prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and may be different from non-GAAP measures used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles. Cisco believes that non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the amounts associated with Cisco's results of operations as determined in accordance with GAAP and that these measures should only be used to evaluate Cisco's results of operations in conjunction with the corresponding GAAP measures.

Cisco believes that the presentation of non-GAAP measures when shown in conjunction with the corresponding GAAP measures, provides useful information to investors and management regarding financial and business trends relating to its financial condition and its historical and projected results of operations.

For its internal budgeting process, Cisco's management uses financial statements that do not include, when applicable, share-based compensation expense, amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, acquisition-related/divestiture costs, significant asset impairments and restructurings, significant litigation settlements and other contingencies, gains and losses on equity investments, the income tax effects of the foregoing and significant tax matters. Cisco's management also uses the foregoing non-GAAP measures, in addition to the corresponding GAAP measures, in reviewing the financial results of Cisco. In prior periods, Cisco has excluded other items that it no longer excludes for purposes of its non-GAAP financial measures. From time to time in the future there may be other items that Cisco may exclude for purposes of its internal budgeting process and in reviewing its financial results. For additional information on the items excluded by Cisco from one or more of its non-GAAP financial measures, refer to the Form 8-K regarding this release furnished today to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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