Tribune Publishing Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2019 Results

Company Delivers Year-Over-Year Income Growth Along with Significant Growth in Digital Subscribers

Chicago, Illinois, UNITED STATES


CHICAGO, March 04, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Tribune Publishing Company (NASDAQ:TPCO) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 29, 2019.  Unless otherwise noted, amounts and disclosures throughout this earnings release relate to continuing operations and exclude all discontinued operations including the Los Angeles Times, San Diego Union-Tribune and other assets of the California News Group (collectively, the “California properties”) and forsalebyowner.com.

2019 Full Year Highlights:

  • Income from continuing operations increased by $43.0 million compared to 2018
  • Earnings per share from continuing operations improved by $0.39 from prior year
  • Total operating expenses decreased $100.9 million compared to 2018
  • Adjusted EBITDA grew 8.0% to $101.4 million, an increase of $7.5 million over prior year
  • Digital-only subscribers increased 33.6% to 334,000 at the end of the fourth quarter 2019, up from 250,000 at the end of the fourth quarter 2018
  • The Company returned $62.9 million to shareholders through a $1.50 per share special dividend in the third quarter and a $0.25 dividend in the fourth quarter

Terry Jimenez, Tribune Publishing CEO and President, said, “In 2019 we continued to see sustained growth in our digital subscriptions business. Thanks to the efforts of our newsrooms, our digital-product and our digital-subscriber groups, we exceeded our goal of 330,000 digital-only subscribers in 2019, ending the year at 334,000. This represents an increase of 33.6% from last year and inspires confidence in the Company’s trajectory as it continues its digital transformation.”

Mr. Jimenez continued, “We made significant investments in the Company throughout the year, hiring more than 250 editorial employees in 2019. We also invested in our digital products, rolling out a new, state-of-the-art content management system. Furthermore, our relentless execution and cross functional leadership drove a significant year-over-year improvement in income from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA, and we are pleased to be able to return capital to our shareholders through a recurring dividend. This demonstrates the confidence we have in our ability to generate cash flow. Our intense focus on our mission and our strategic initiatives will yield the best outcomes for our people, customers and shareholders. As we progress through 2020, we are optimistic about the strength of our business and the opportunities that lie ahead.”

At the core of our success is the journalism our newsrooms produce. Tribune remains a leading news source for our readers, and we are proud of the impact our reporting has across the communities we serve.”      

2019 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Results
Fourth quarter 2019 total revenues were $252.3 million, down $31.2 million or 11.0% compared to $283.5 million for fourth quarter 2018.  The decrease primarily reflects M segment revenue declines of $30.1 million and a $4.9 million revenue decrease associated with the Company's Transition Service Agreement with the California properties, partially offset by $2.9 million in increased digital only subscription revenue.  Total revenues for the full year 2019 were $983.1 million, down 4.6% from 2018.

Fourth quarter 2019 total advertising revenue and digital advertising revenue were $105.8 million and $25.8 million, respectively.  Excluding the impact associated with the 2018 agreement with Cars.com to convert Tribune Publishing's eight affiliate markets into Cars.com's direct retail channel, total digital advertising revenue would have increased 4.0% year-over-year.

Total operating expenses, including depreciation and amortization, in the fourth quarter of 2019 were $255.2 million, down 11.2%, compared to $287.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.  Total operating expenses for the full year decreased $100.9 million from the prior-year period. These decreases resulted from the Company’s ongoing strong cost management.

Loss from continuing operations was $4.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, compared to income of $4.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2018, driven partially by an increase of $5.6 million in taxes.  For the full year, the Company reported income from continuing operations of $3.1 million compared to a loss from continuing operations in 2018 of $39.9 million.

Adjusted EBITDA was $30.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, versus $46.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.  Full year adjusted EBITDA of $101.4 million increased $7.5 million or 8.0% over 2018.

For the full year ended December 29, 2019, capital expenditures totaled $18.6 million.  Cash balance at December 29, 2019, was $61.0 million, which excludes $37.3 million of restricted cash reflected in long-term assets.

Segment Results
The Company operates in two segments: M, which is comprised of the Company’s media groups excluding their digital revenues and related expenses, except digital subscription revenues when bundled with a print subscription, and X, which includes all digital revenues and related expenses of the Company from local Tribune Publishing websites, third party websites, mobile applications, digital-only subscriptions, Tribune Content Agency and BestReviews.

Included in the tables below is segment reporting for M and X for the fourth quarters of 2019 and 2018. 
   
M
Fourth quarter 2019 M total revenues were $197.0 million, down 13.3% compared to the fourth quarter of 2019 reflecting primarily advertising revenue declines. 

Fourth quarter 2019 operating expenses for M decreased 14.0% compared to the prior-year quarter, driven by ongoing cost management. 

Fourth quarter 2019 income from operations for M was $2.1 million versus $0.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2018. Adjusted EBITDA was $22.5 million versus $33.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.

X
Total revenues for X for the fourth quarter of 2019 were $53.2 million, up 7.7%, primarily driven by growth in digital only subscription revenue and BestReviews.com, partially offset by the Cars.com impact.  Fourth quarter 2019 advertising revenues for X decreased 1.8% year-over-year primarily due to the change in the Company’s Cars.com arrangement.  Content revenues in the fourth quarter of 2019, which includes digital-only subscriptions, content syndication and ecommerce revenues, increased by 18.6% year-over-year.

Fourth quarter 2019 income from operations for X was $8.2 million versus $6.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.  Adjusted EBITDA was $12.7 million versus $14.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Digital-only subscribers grew to 334,000, up 33.6% from the prior year and up 6.5% sequentially from the third quarter of 2019.

2020 Outlook
The Company expects full year 2020 Adjusted EBITDA will be a range of $100.0 million to $105.0 million. 

For the first quarter of 2020, the Company expects revenue to range from $210.0 million to $215.0 million and Adjusted EBITDA to range from $12.0 million to $13.0 million.

Conference Call Details
Tribune Publishing will host a conference call to discuss the Company’s fourth quarter 2019 results at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (4:00 p.m. Central Time) on Wednesday, March 4, 2020.  The conference call may be accessed via Tribune Publishing’s Investor Relations website at investor.tribpub.com or by dialing 844.209.4036 (478.219.0556 for international callers) and entering conference ID 3180299.  An archived version of the webcast will also be available for one year on the Tribune Publishing website.  To access the replay via telephone, available until March 11, 2020, dial 855.859.2056 (404.537.3406 for international callers), conference ID 3180299.

Non-GAAP Financial Information
Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted total operating expenses, Adjusted Net Income, and Adjusted Diluted EPS. These are not measures presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("U.S. GAAP" or "GAAP") and Tribune Publishing’s use of the terms Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted total operating expenses, Adjusted Net Income, and Adjusted Diluted EPS may vary from that of others in the Company’s industry.  Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted total operating expenses, Adjusted Net Income, and Adjusted Diluted EPS should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), income from operations, operating expenses, net income (loss) per diluted share, revenues or any other performance measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP as measures of operating performance or liquidity.  Further information regarding Tribune Publishing’s presentation of these measures, including a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted total operating expenses, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS to the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, is included below in this press release.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are based largely on our current expectations and reflect various estimates and assumptions by us.  Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results and achievements to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements.  Such risks, trends and uncertainties, which in some instances are beyond our control, include, without limitation, changes in advertising demand, circulation levels and audience shares; competition and other economic conditions; our ability to develop and grow our online businesses; changes in newsprint price and availability; our ability to maintain data security and comply with privacy-related laws; economic and market conditions that could impact the level of our required contributions to the defined benefit pension plans to which we contribute; decisions by trustees under rehabilitation plans (if applicable) or other contributing employers with respect to multiemployer plans to which we contribute which could impact the level of our contributions; our ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting; concentration of stock ownership among our principal stockholders whose interest may differ from those of other stockholders; and other events beyond our control that may result in unexpected adverse operating results. For more information about these and other risks see Item 1A (Risk Factors) of the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in the Company’s other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “could,” “should,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “plan,” “seek” and similar expressions generally identify forward-looking statements.  However, such words are not the exclusive means for identifying forward-looking statements, and their absence does not mean that the statement is not forward looking.  Whether or not any such forward-looking statements, in fact occur will depend on future events, some of which are beyond our control.  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements, which are being made as of the date of this press release.  Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Tribune Publishing Company
Tribune Publishing (NASDAQ:TPCO) is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism.  Headquartered in Chicago, Tribune Publishing operates local media businesses in eight markets with titles including the Chicago Tribune, New York Daily News, The Baltimore Sun,  Orlando Sentinel, South Florida's Sun-Sentinel, Virginia’s Daily Press and The Virginian-Pilot, The Morning Call of Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania, and the Hartford Courant. 

In addition to award-winning local media businesses, Tribune Publishing operates national and international brands such as Tribune Content Agency and The Daily Meal and is the majority owner of the product review website BestReviews.

Our brands are committed to informing, inspiring and engaging local communities. We create and distribute content across our media portfolio, offering integrated marketing, media, and business services to consumers and advertisers, including digital solutions and advertising opportunities.

Investor Relations Contact:
Amy Bullis
Tribune Publishing Investor Relations
312.222.2102
abullis@tribpub.com

Media Contact:
Max Reinsdorf
Tribune Publishing Media Relations
847.867.6294
mreinsdorf@tribpub.com

Source: Tribune Publishing

Exhibits:
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)
Segment Income and Expenses
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Non-GAAP Reconciliations - Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA
Non-GAAP Reconciliations - Total Operating Expenses to Adjusted Same-Business Operating Expenses
Non-GAAP Reconciliations - Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS


TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Preliminary

  Three months ended Year ended
  December 29, 2019 December 30, 2018 December 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
         
Operating revenues $252,270  $283,496  $983,149  $1,030,669 
         
Operating expenses 255,191  287,392  975,992  1,076,881 
         
Income (loss) from operations (2,921) (3,896) 7,157  (46,212)
         
Interest income (expense), net 21  320  499  (11,353)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt       (7,666)
Income (loss) on equity investments, net 267  (40) (2,988) (1,868)
Other non-operating income (expense) (220) 3,570  45  14,513 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes (2,853) (46) 4,713  (52,586)
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,557  (4,004) 1,620  (12,723)
Income (loss) from continuing operations (4,410) 3,958  3,093  (39,863)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax 10,233  (1,155) (3,337) 289,510 
Net income (loss) 5,823  2,803  (244) 249,647 
Less: Income attributable to noncontrolling interest 1,788  385  4,825  856 
Net income (loss) attributable to Tribune common stockholders $4,035  $2,418  $(5,069) $248,791 
         
Net income (loss) attributable to Tribune per common share - Basic        
Income (loss) from continuing operations $(0.46) $0.10  $(0.76) $(1.15)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations 0.28  (0.03) (0.09) 8.20 
Net income (loss) attributable to Tribune per common share - Basic $(0.18) $0.07  $(0.85) $7.05 
         
Net income (loss) attributable to Tribune per common share - Diluted        
Income (loss) from continuing operations $(0.46) $0.10  $(0.76) $(1.15)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations 0.28  (0.03) (0.09) 8.20 
Net income (loss) attributable to Tribune per common share - Diluted $(0.18) $0.07  $(0.85) $7.05 
         
Weighted average shares outstanding        
Basic 36,038  35,575  35,810  35,268 
Diluted 36,038  35,880  35,810  35,268 
         

TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
SEGMENT INCOME AND EXPENSES
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

The tables below show the segmentation of income and expenses for the three and twelve months ended December 29, 2019 as compared to the three and twelve months ended December 30, 2018.  For both years, the three-month periods consist of 13 weeks and the twelve-month periods consist of 52 weeks.

 M X Corporate and Eliminations Consolidated
 Three months ended Three months ended Three months ended Three months ended
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
Operating revenues$197,048  $227,176  $53,249  $49,423  $1,973   $6,897   $252,270   $283,496 
Operating expenses194,910  226,661  45,032  43,150  15,249   17,581   255,191   287,392 
Income (loss) from operations2,138  515  8,217  6,273  (13,276)  (10,684)  (2,921)  (3,896)
Depreciation and amortization4,993  5,306  4,026  6,491  3,302   3,898   12,321   15,695 
Impairment14,496  1,872            14,496   1,872 
Adjustments873  25,550  447  1,535  5,618   5,701   6,938   32,786 
Adjusted EBITDA$22,500  $33,243  $12,690  $14,299  $(4,356)  $(1,085)  $30,834   $46,457 


 M X Corporate and Eliminations Consolidated
 Year ended Year ended Year ended Year ended
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
 Dec. 29,
2019
 Dec. 30,
2018
Operating revenues$782,501  $851,069  $182,719  $165,612  $17,929   $13,988   $983,149  $1,030,669 
Operating expenses738,293  846,122  167,141  152,698  70,558   78,061   975,992  1,076,881 
Income (loss) from operations44,208  4,947  15,578  12,914  (52,629)  (64,073)  7,157  (46,212)
Depreciation and amortization21,222  17,419  11,274  19,819  14,818   16,024   47,314  53,262 
Impairment14,496  1,872            14,496  1,872 
Adjustments5,069  41,476  6,630  9,272  20,693   34,186   32,392  84,934 
Adjusted EBITDA$84,995  $65,714  $33,482  $42,005  $(17,118)  $(13,863)  $101,359  $93,856 
                                  

TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
SEGMENT INCOME AND EXPENSES (Continued)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Segment M

  Three months ended Year ended
  Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change
Operating revenues:            
Advertising $80,003  $101,258  (21.0%) $307,138  $355,790  (13.7%)
Circulation 82,352  89,089  (7.6%) 336,823  349,975  (3.8%)
Other 34,693  36,829  (5.8%) 138,540  145,304  (4.7%)
Total revenues 197,048  227,176  (13.3%) 782,501  851,069  (8.1%)
Operating expenses 194,910  226,661  (14.0%) 738,293  846,122  (12.7%)
Income from operations 2,138  515  * 44,208  4,947  *
Depreciation and amortization 4,993  5,306  (5.9%) 21,222  17,419  21.8%
Impairment 14,496  1,872  * 14,496  1,872  *
Adjustments 873  25,550  (96.6%) 5,069  41,476  (87.8%)
Adjusted EBITDA $22,500  $33,243  (32.3%) $84,995  $65,714  29.3%
             

* Represents positive or negative change in excess of 100%

Segment X

  Three months ended Year ended
  Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change
Operating revenues:            
Advertising $25,759   $26,239   (1.8 %) $92,158   $98,023   (6.0 %)
Content 27,490   23,184   18.6 % 90,561   67,589   34.0 %
Total revenues 53,249   49,423   7.7 % 182,719   165,612   10.3 %
Operating expenses 45,032   43,150   4.4 % 167,141   152,698   9.5 %
Income from operations 8,217   6,273   31.0 % 15,578   12,914   20.6 %
Depreciation and amortization 4,026   6,491   (38.0 %) 11,274   19,819   (43.1 %)
Adjustments 447   1,535   (70.9 %) 6,630   9,272   (28.5 %)
Adjusted EBITDA $12,690   $14,299   (11.3 %) $33,482   $42,005   (20.3 %)
                       

TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Preliminary

  December 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash $60,963  $97,560 
Accounts receivable, (net of allowances of $9,674 and $11,458) 112,754  145,463 
Inventories 4,820  9,587 
Prepaid expenses 15,114  18,197 
Total current assets 193,651  270,807 
Property, plant and equipment, net 123,913  144,963 
Other assets    
Goodwill 117,675  132,146 
Intangible assets, net 69,165  77,229 
Software, net 20,736  27,117 
Lease right-of-use asset 99,480   
Restricted cash 37,290  43,947 
Other long-term assets 20,368  30,418 
Total other assets 364,714  310,857 
Total assets $682,278   $726,627  
     
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity     
Current liabilities    
Accounts payable $46,482  $70,555 
Employee compensation and benefits 36,305  61,001 
Deferred revenue 42,773  51,114 
Current portion of long-term lease liability 25,380   
Current portion of long-term debt 105  405 
Other current liabilities 24,317  21,203 
Liabilities associated with discontinued operations   6,249 
Total current liabilities 175,362  210,527 
Non-current liabilities    
Long-term lease liability 98,847   
Pension and postretirement benefits payable 20,338  20,150 
Long-term debt 6,857  6,799 
Workers’ compensation, general liability and auto insurance payable 24,192  30,606 
Deferred rent   25,424 
Other obligations 8,355  20,053 
Total non-current liabilities 158,589  103,032 
Noncontrolling interest 63,501  39,756 
Stockholders’ equity 284,826  373,312 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $682,278   $726,627  
         

TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(In thousands) (Unaudited)

Preliminary

Reconciliation of Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA:

  Three months ended Year ended
  Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change Dec. 29, 2019 Dec. 30, 2018 % Change
Income (loss) from continuing operations $(4,410) $3,958  * $3,093  $(39,863) *
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,557  (4,004) * 1,620  (12,723) *
Interest income (expense), net (21) (320) (93.4%) (499) 11,353  *
Loss on early extinguishment of debt     *   7,666  *
Loss (gain) on equity investments, net (267) 40  * 2,988  1,868  60.0%
Other non-operating income (expense) 220  (3,570) * (45) (14,513) (99.7%)
Income (loss) from operations (2,921) (3,896) (25.0%) 7,157  (46,212) *
Depreciation and amortization 12,321  15,695  (21.5%) 47,314  53,262  (11.2%)
Impairment 14,496  1,872  * 14,496  1,872  *
Restructuring and transaction costs (1) 4,833  29,846  (83.8%) 19,222  74,481  (74.2%)
Stock-based compensation 2,105  2,940  (28.4%) 13,170  10,453  26.0%
Adjusted EBITDA $30,834  $46,457  (33.6%) $101,359  $93,856  8.0%

* Represents positive or negative change in excess of 100%

(1) - Restructuring and transaction costs include costs related to Tribune's internal restructuring, such as severance, charges associated with vacated space, costs related to completed and potential acquisitions and a one-time charge related to the Consulting Agreement.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin
Adjusted EBITDA is a financial measure that is not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or "GAAP").  Management believes that because Adjusted EBITDA excludes (i) certain non-cash expenses (such as depreciation, amortization, impairment, stock-based compensation, and gain/loss on equity investments)and (ii) expenses that are not reflective of the Company’s core operating results over time (such as restructuring costs, including the employee voluntary separation program and gain/losses on employee benefit plan terminations, litigation or dispute settlement charges or gains, premiums on stock buybacks and transaction-related costs), this measure provides investors with additional useful information to measure the Company’s financial performance, particularly with respect to changes in performance from period to period.  The Company’s management uses Adjusted EBITDA (a) as a measure of operating performance; (b) for planning and forecasting in future periods; and (c) in communications with the Company’s Board of Directors concerning the Company’s financial performance.   In addition, Adjusted EBITDA, or a similarly calculated measure, has been used as the basis for certain financial maintenance covenants that the Company was subject to in connection with certain credit facilities.  Since not all companies use identical calculations, the Company’s presentation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and should not be used by investors as a substitute or alternative to net income or any measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.  Instead, management believes Adjusted EBITDA should be used to supplement the Company’s financial measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP to provide a more complete understanding of the trends affecting the business.

Although Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by investors and securities analysts in their evaluations of companies, Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and investors should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for, or more meaningful than, amounts determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Some of the limitations to using non-GAAP measures as an analytical tool are:  they do not reflect the Company’s interest income and expense, or the requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on the Company’s debt;  they do not reflect future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments; and although depreciation and amortization charges are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and non-GAAP measures do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements.

The Company does not provide a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA guidance due to the inherent difficulty in forecasting and quantifying certain amounts that are necessary for such reconciliation, including adjustments that could be made for restructuring and transaction costs, stock-based compensation amounts and other charges reflected in our reconciliation of historic numbers, the amount of which, based on historical experience, could be significant.

TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Preliminary

Reconciliation of Total Operating Expenses to Adjusted Same-Business Operating Expenses:

Adjusted same-business operating expenses consist of total operating expenses per the income statement, adjusted to exclude the impact of items listed in the Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP reconciliation, the additional expenses related to the 2018 acquisitions (e.g. same-business) and the impact of the Transition Service Agreement expenses.  Management believes that adjusted same-business operating expenses is informative to investors as it enhances the investors' overall understanding of the financial performance of the Company's business as they analyze current results compared to prior periods.

  Three months ended December 29, 2019 Three months ended December 30, 2018
  GAAP Adjustments Adjusted
Same-
Business
 GAAP Adjustments Adjusted
Same-
Business
             
Compensation $85,867 $(3,196) $82,671 $118,102 $(29,776) $88,326
Newsprint and ink 12,951 1  12,952 17,786   17,786
Outside services 86,546 (3,671) 82,875 86,455 (2,068) 84,387
Other 43,010 (72) 42,938 47,482 (942) 46,540
Depreciation and amortization 12,321 (12,321)  15,695 (15,695) 
Impairment 14,496 (14,496)  1,872 (1,872) 
             
Total operating expenses $255,191 $(33,755) $221,436 $287,392 $(50,353) $237,039


  Year ended December 29, 2019 Year ended December 30, 2018
  GAAP Adjustments Adjusted
Same-
Business
 GAAP Adjustments Adjusted
Same-
Business
             
Compensation $362,450  $(41,989) $320,461  $443,084  $(75,305) $367,779 
Newsprint and ink 56,785  (3,994) 52,791  66,134  (3,025) 63,109 
Outside services 328,333  (28,971) 299,362  348,827  (37,808) 311,019 
Other 166,614  (49,900) 116,714  163,702  (39,552) 124,150 
Depreciation and amortization 47,314  (47,314) —  53,262  (53,262) — 
Impairment 14,496  (14,496) —  1,872  (1,872) — 
             
Total operating expenses $975,992  $(186,664) $789,328  $1,076,881  $(210,824) $866,057 


TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY
NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Preliminary

Reconciliation of Income (loss) From Continuing Operations available to Tribune common stockholders to Adjusted Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations available to Tribune common stockholders and Adjusted Diluted EPS :

Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders is defined as income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - GAAP excluding the adjustments for restructuring and transaction costs, net of the impact of income taxes.

Income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - GAAP consists of Net income (loss) from continuing operations per the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), less Income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests and the noncontrolling interest carrying value adjustment as set forth in the Earnings Per Share calculation in the Company's Form 10-K.

Adjusted Diluted EPS computes Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.

Management believes Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders and Adjusted Diluted EPS are informative to investors as they enhance investors' overall understanding of the financial performance of the Company's business as they analyze current results compared to future recurring projections.

 Three months ended
 December 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
  Earnings Diluted  EPS  Earnings Diluted  EPS
Income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - GAAP$(16,865) $(0.46) $3,573  $0.10 
Adjustments to operating expenses, net of 27.8% tax:       
Restructuring and transaction costs3,489   0.10   21,549  0.60 
Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - Non-GAAP$(13,376) $(0.36) $25,122  $0.70 


 Year ended
 December 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
  Earnings Diluted  EPS  Earnings Diluted  EPS
Loss from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - GAAP$(27,252) $(0.76) $(40,719) $(1.15)
Adjustments to operating expenses, net of 27.8% tax:       
Restructuring and transaction costs13,878   0.39   53,775   1.52  
Loss on extinguishment of debt—   —   5,535   0.16  
Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations available to Tribune common stockholders - Non-GAAP$(13,374) $(0.37) $18,591   $0.53