CVR Energy Reports First Quarter 2021 Results

Sugar Land, Texas, UNITED STATES


SUGAR LAND, Texas, May 03, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- CVR Energy, Inc. (“CVR Energy”) (NYSE: CVI) today announced a net loss of $39 million, or 39 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1.5 billion for the first quarter of 2021, compared to net loss of $87 million, or 87 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1.1 billion for the first quarter of 2020. First quarter 2021 EBITDA was less than $1 million, compared to a first quarter 2020 EBITDA loss of $38 million.

“CVR Energy’s first quarter 2021 results were influenced by exorbitant Renewable Identification Number (RIN) pricing, unrealized derivative losses and impacts from Winter Storm Uri,” said Dave Lamp, CVR Energy’s Chief Executive Officer. “We were able to quickly recover from the storm-related shutdowns, and with the increase in Group 3 crack spreads, our refining business in March experienced its best results since the height of the COVID-19 pandemic despite high RIN prices.

“CVR Partners was able to successfully minimize the impacts of Winter Storm Uri by reducing throughput and selling contracted natural gas at significantly higher prices at its East Dubuque facility while also maintaining operations at its Coffeyville facility,” Lamp said. “In addition, the nitrogen fertilizer industry reached an inflection point during the first quarter of 2021, where improved farmer economics translated into increased demand for nitrogen fertilizer as well as much higher pricing.”

Petroleum

The Petroleum Segment reported a first quarter 2021 operating loss of $115 million on net sales of $1.4 billion, compared to an operating loss of $127 million on net sales of $1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2020.

Refining margin per total throughput barrel was $3.05 in the first quarter of 2021, compared to $1.52 during the same period in 2020. Increased crack spreads and an increase in throughput volumes contributed to the improvement in refining margins during the first quarter of 2021. Adding to these impacts, crude oil prices rose during the quarter, which led to a favorable inventory valuation impact of $66 million, or $3.93 per total throughout barrel, compared to an unfavorable inventory valuation impact of $136 million, including a $58 million loss on the value of inventory to reflect its net realizable value, or $9.54 per total throughput barrel during the first quarter of 2020. The Petroleum Segment also recognized a first quarter 2021 derivative loss of $32 million, or $1.90 per total throughput barrel, compared to a derivative gain of $46 million, or $3.20 per total throughput barrel, for the first quarter of 2020. Included in this derivative loss for the first quarter of 2021 was a $43 million unrealized loss, compared to an unrealized gain of $12 million for the first quarter of 2020.

First quarter 2021 combined total throughput was approximately 186,000 barrels per day (bpd), compared to approximately 157,000 bpd of combined total throughput for the first quarter of 2020. This increase was primarily attributable to the turnaround at our Coffeyville refinery in 2020, which began in late February.

Fertilizer

The Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment reported an operating loss of $14 million on net sales of $61 million for the first quarter of 2021, compared to an operating loss of $5 million on net sales of $75 million for the first quarter of 2020.

First quarter 2021 average realized gate prices for urea ammonia nitrate (UAN) showed a reduction over the prior year, down 4 percent to $159 per ton, and ammonia was up 14 percent over the prior year to $300 per ton. Average realized gate prices for UAN and ammonia were $166 per ton and $264 per ton, respectively, for the first quarter of 2020.

CVR Partners’ fertilizer facilities produced a combined 188,000 tons of ammonia during the first quarter of 2021, of which 70,000 net tons were available for sale while the rest was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 272,000 tons of UAN. During the first quarter 2020, the fertilizer facilities produced 201,000 tons of ammonia, of which 78,000 net tons were available for sale while the remainder was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 317,000 tons of UAN.

Corporate

The Company reported an income tax benefit of $42 million, or 43.3 percent of loss before income taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to an income tax benefit of $36 million, or 26.6 percent of loss before income taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The change in income tax benefit was due primarily to changes in pretax loss and an increase in the effective income tax rate. The year-over-year increase in effective income tax rate is due primarily to the relationship between pretax results, losses attributable to noncontrolling interest and state income tax credits generated.

Cash, Debt and Dividend

Consolidated cash and cash equivalents was $707 million at March 31, 2021, an increase of $40 million from December 31, 2020. Consolidated total debt and finance lease obligations was $1.7 billion at March 31, 2021, including $637 million held by the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment.

CVR Energy will not pay a cash dividend and CVR Partners will not pay a cash distribution for the 2021 first quarter.

First Quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call

CVR Energy previously announced that it will host its first quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call on Tuesday, May 4, at 1 p.m. Eastern. The Earnings Conference Call may also include discussion of Company developments, forward-looking information and other material information about business and financial matters.

The first quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call will be webcast live and can be accessed on the Investor Relations section of CVR Energy’s website at www.CVREnergy.com. For investors or analysts who want to participate during the call, the dial-in number is (877) 407-8291. The webcast will be archived and available for 14 days at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/wo6z7ooe. A repeat of the call also can be accessed for 14 days by dialing (877) 660-6853, conference ID 13718881.

Forward-Looking Statements
This news release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Statements concerning current estimates, expectations and projections about future results, performance, prospects, opportunities, plans, actions and events and other statements, concerns, or matters that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements,” as that term is defined under the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future: Renewable Identification Number pricing and the impact thereof on results; derivatives activities and gains or losses associated therewith; impacts from Winter Storm Uri; ability to recover from storm-related shutdowns; crack spreads, including the increase thereof; farmer economics including improvement thereof; nitrogen fertilizer demand and pricing, including the increase thereof; throughput volumes and crude oil prices, including increases thereof; inventory valuation impacts; ammonia production, including volumes upgraded to other fertilizer products including UAN; tax benefits and rates, including impact of pretax loss, noncontrolling interest and state income tax credits thereon; balance sheet cash levels and debt and finance lease obligations; dividends and distributions, including the timing, payment and amount (if any) thereof; total throughput, direct operating expenses, capital expenditures, depreciation and amortization and turnaround expense; continued safe and reliable operations; and other matters. You can generally identify forward-looking statements by our use of forward-looking terminology such as “outlook,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “explore,” “evaluate,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” or “will,” or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. Investors are cautioned that various factors may affect these forward-looking statements, including the health and economic effects of COVID-19, the rate of any economic improvement, demand for fossil fuels, price volatility of crude oil, other feedstocks and refined products (among others); the ability of the Company to pay cash dividends and CVR Partners to make cash distributions; potential operating hazards; costs of compliance with existing, or compliance with new, laws and regulations and potential liabilities arising therefrom; impacts of planting season on CVR Partners; general economic and business conditions; and other risks. For additional discussion of risk factors which may affect our results, please see the risk factors and other disclosures included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our other SEC filings. These and other risks may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this news release are made only as of the date hereof. CVR Energy disclaims any intention or obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

About CVR Energy, Inc.
Headquartered in Sugar Land, Texas, CVR Energy is a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and marketing business through its interest in CVR Refining and the nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing business through its interest in CVR Partners, LP. CVR Energy subsidiaries serve as the general partner and own 36 percent of the common units of CVR Partners.

Investors and others should note that CVR Energy may announce material information using SEC filings, press releases, public conference calls, webcasts, and the Investor Relations page of its website. CVR Energy may use these channels to distribute material information about the company and to communicate important information about the company, corporate initiatives and other matters. Information that CVR Energy posts on its website could be deemed material; therefore, CVR Energy encourages investors, the media, its customers, business partners and others interested in the company to review the information posted on its website.

For further information, please contact:

Investor Relations:
Richard Roberts
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3205
InvestorRelations@CVREnergy.com

Media Relations:
Brandee Stephens
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3516
MediaRelations@CVREnergy.com

Non-GAAP Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures, and reconciliations to those measures, to evaluate current and past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our GAAP financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the performance and liquidity measures defined below.

The following are non-GAAP measures we present for the period ended March 31, 2021:

EBITDA - Consolidated net income (loss) before (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit) and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense.

Petroleum EBITDA and Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA - Segment net income (loss) before segment (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit), and (iii) depreciation and amortization.

Refining Margin - The difference between our Petroleum Segment net sales and cost of materials and other.

Refining Margin, adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts - Refining Margin adjusted to exclude the impact of current period market price and volume fluctuations on crude oil and refined product inventories purchased in prior periods and lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments, if applicable. We record our commodity inventories on the first-in-first-out basis. As a result, significant current period fluctuations in market prices and the volumes we hold in inventory can have favorable or unfavorable impacts on our refining margins as compared to similar metrics used by other publicly-traded companies in the refining industry.

Refining Margin and Refining Margin adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts, per Throughput Barrel - Refining Margin and Refining Margin adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts divided by the total throughput barrels during the period, which is calculated as total throughput barrels per day times the number of days in the period.

Direct Operating Expenses per Throughput Barrel - Direct operating expenses for our Petroleum Segment divided by total throughput barrels for the period, which is calculated as total throughput barrels per day times the number of days in the period.

Adjusted (Loss) Earnings per Share - (Loss) Earnings per share adjusted for inventory valuation impacts and other significant non-cash items on an after-tax basis.

Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations - Net debt and finance lease obligations is total debt and finance lease obligations reduced for cash and cash equivalents.

Total Debt and Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations to EBITDA Exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer - Total debt and net debt and finance lease obligations is calculated as the consolidated debt and net debt and finance lease obligations less the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment’s debt and net debt and finance lease obligations as of the most recent period ended divided by EBITDA exclusive of the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment for the most recent twelve-month period.

Free Cash Flow - Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures and capitalized turnaround expenditures.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including but not limited to our operating performance as compared to other publicly-traded companies in the refining and fertilizer industries, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” included herein for reconciliation of these amounts. Due to rounding, numbers presented within this section may not add or equal to numbers or totals presented elsewhere within this document.

Factors Affecting Comparability of Our Financial Results

Our historical results of operations for the periods presented may not be comparable with prior periods or to our results of operations in the future for the reasons discussed below.

Petroleum Segment

Coffeyville Refinery - Beginning in the first quarter of 2020, the Coffeyville Refinery had a planned, full facility turnaround, during which we capitalized $127 million.

Wynnewood Refinery - The Petroleum Segment’s next planned turnaround is at the Wynnewood Refinery, where pre-planning expenditures are currently underway. During the first quarter of 2021, approximately $1 million has been capitalized related to these pre-planning activities.


CVR Energy, Inc.
(all information in this release is unaudited)

Financial and Operational Data

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except per share data)2021 2020
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data   
Net sales$1,463   $1,130  
Operating costs and expenses:   
Cost of materials and other1,369   1,058  
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)136   119  
Depreciation and amortization63   62  
Cost of sales1,568   1,239  
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)27   24  
Depreciation and amortization3   2  
Operating loss(135)  (135) 
Other (expense) income:   
Interest expense, net(31)  (35) 
Investment income on marketable securities62   31  
Other income, net7   2  
Loss before income tax benefit(97)  (137) 
Income tax benefit(42)  (36) 
Net loss(55)  (101) 
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(16)  (14) 
Net loss attributable to CVR Energy stockholders$(39)  $(87) 
    
Basic and diluted loss per share$(0.39)  $(0.87) 
Dividends declared per share$   $0.80  
    
EBITDA*$   $(38) 
    
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted100.5   100.5  

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* See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below.


Selected Balance Sheet Data

(in millions)March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$707  $667 
Working capital602  743 
Total assets4,188  3,978 
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion1,691  1,691 
Total liabilities3,024  2,759 
Total CVR stockholders’ equity981  1,019 
      

Selected Cash Flow Data

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)2021 2020
Net cash flow provided by (used in):   
Operating activities$96   $(58) 
Investing activities(54)  (196) 
Financing activities(2)  407  
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents$40   $153  
    
Free cash flow*$61   $(115) 

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* See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below.


Selected Segment Data

(in millions)Petroleum Nitrogen Fertilizer Consolidated
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021     
Net sales$1,404   $61   $1,463  
Operating loss(115)  (14)  (135) 
Net loss(110)  (25)  (55) 
EBITDA*(61)  5   —   
      
Capital expenditures (1)     
Maintenance capital expenditures$10   $2   $12  
Growth capital expenditures   1   56  
Total capital expenditures$10   $3   $68  


(in millions)Petroleum Nitrogen Fertilizer Consolidated
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     
Net sales$1,057   $75   $1,130  
Operating loss(127)  (5)  (135) 
Net loss(130)  (21)  (101) 
EBITDA*(77)  11   (38) 
      
Capital expenditures (1)     
Maintenance capital expenditures$37   $4   $43  
Growth capital expenditures3   2   5  
Total capital expenditures$40   $6   $48  

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*See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below.
(1)Capital expenditures are shown exclusive of capitalized turnaround expenditures and capitalized software costs.


Selected Balance Sheet Data

(in millions)Petroleum Nitrogen Fertilizer Consolidated
March 31, 2021     
Cash and cash equivalents (1)$475  $53  $707 
Total assets3,207  1,032  4,188 
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion (2)59  637  1,691 
      
December 31, 2020     
Cash and cash equivalents (1)$429  $31  $667 
Total assets2,991  1,033  3,978 
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion (2)61  636  1,691 

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(1)Corporate cash and cash equivalents consisted of $179 million and $207 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
(2)Corporate total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion consisted of $995 million and $994 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.


Petroleum Segment

Key Operating Metrics per Total Throughput Barrel

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Refining margin *$3.05   $1.52 
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts *(0.88)  11.06 
Direct operating expenses *5.89   5.87 

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* See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below.


Throughput Data by Refinery

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in bpd)2021 2020
Coffeyville   
Regional crude29,232  38,874 
WTI52,936  29,461 
Condensate7,051  4,687 
Heavy Canadian  2,549 
Other crude oil16,733   
Other feedstocks and blendstocks8,725  7,701 
Wynnewood   
Regional crude55,159  51,822 
WTL3,535  5,971 
Midland WTI  2,019 
Condensate9,540  9,429 
Other feedstocks and blendstocks3,182  4,005 
Total throughput186,093  156,518 


Production Data by Refinery

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in bpd)2021 2020
Coffeyville   
Gasoline61,664 44,519
Distillate46,542 33,261
Other liquid products4,107 3,717
Solids3,397 2,719
Wynnewood   
Gasoline37,456 39,505
Distillate29,164 28,755
Other liquid products2,947 2,454
Solids22 25
Total production185,298 154,955
    
Light product yield (as % of crude throughput) (1)100.4 % 100.8%
Liquid volume yield (as % of total throughput) (2)97.7 % 97.2%
Distillate yield (as % of crude throughput) (3)43.5 % 42.8%

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(1)Total Gasoline and Distillate divided by total Regional crude, WTI, WTL, Midland WTI, Condensate, and Heavy Canadian throughput.
(2)Total Gasoline, Distillate, and Other liquid products divided by total throughput.
(3)Total Distillate divided by total Regional crude, WTI, WTL, Midland WTI, Condensate, and Heavy Canadian throughput.


 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Market Indicators (dollars per barrel)   
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) NYMEX$58.14   $45.78  
Crude Oil Differentials to WTI:   
Brent3.18   5.04  
WCS (heavy sour)(11.82)  (17.77) 
Condensate(0.22)  (1.14) 
Midland Cushing0.87   (0.06) 
NYMEX Crack Spreads:   
Gasoline16.43   10.37  
Heating Oil15.26   18.98  
NYMEX 2-1-1 Crack Spread15.84   14.67  
PADD II Group 3 Basis:   
Gasoline(1.22)  (3.12) 
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel2.20   (1.80) 
PADD II Group 3 Product Crack Spread:   
Gasoline15.20   7.25  
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel17.46   17.18  
PADD II Group 3 2-1-116.33   12.21  
        

Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment:

Key Operating Data:

Ammonia Utilization (3)Two Years Ended March 31,
(capacity utilization)2021 2020
Consolidated96 % 93%
Coffeyville Facility94 % 93%
East Dubuque Facility97 % 93%

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(1)Reflects ammonia utilization rates on a consolidated basis and at each of the Nitrogen Fertilizer facilities. Utilization is an important measure used by management to assess operational output at each of the facilities. Utilization is calculated as actual tons produced divided by capacity. The Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment presents utilization on a two-year rolling average to take into account the impact of current turnaround cycles on any specific period. The two-year rolling average is a more useful presentation of the long-term utilization performance of our plants. Additionally, we present utilization solely on ammonia production rather than each nitrogen product as it provides a comparative baseline against industry peers and eliminates the disparity of plant configurations for upgrade of ammonia into other nitrogen products. With the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segments’ efforts being primarily focused on ammonia upgrade capabilities, this measure provides a meaningful view of how well the facilities operate.


Sales and Production Data

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Consolidated sales (thousand tons):   
Ammonia32  54 
UAN239  284 
    
Consolidated product pricing at gate (dollars per ton) (1):   
Ammonia$300  $264 
UAN159  166 
    
Consolidated production volume (thousand tons):   
Ammonia (gross produced) (2)188  201 
Ammonia (net available for sale) (2)70  78 
UAN272  317 
    
Feedstock:   
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)128  125 
Petroleum coke (dollars per ton)$42.91  $44.68 
Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtu) (3)1,882  2,141 
Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu) (3)$3.10  $2.42 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtus) (3)940  1,418 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu) (3)$2.94  $2.80 

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(1)Product pricing at gate represents sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure that is comparable across the fertilizer industry.
(2)Gross tons produced for ammonia represent total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products.
(3)The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in direct operating expense.


Key Market Indicators

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Ammonia — Southern Plains (dollars per ton)$437  $272 
Ammonia — Corn belt (dollars per ton)497  364 
UAN — Corn belt (dollars per ton)256  169 
    
Natural gas NYMEX (dollars per MMBtu)$2.72  $1.87 
        

Q2 2021 Outlook

The table below summarizes our outlook for certain operational statistics and financial information for the second quarter of 2021. See “Forward-Looking Statements” above.

 Q2 2021
 Low High
Petroleum Segment   
Total throughput (bpd)200,000  220,000 
Direct operating expenses (1) (in millions)$75  $85 
    
Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment   
Ammonia utilization rates (2)   
Consolidated95% 100%
Coffeyville Facility95% 100%
East Dubuque Facility95% 100%
Direct operating expenses (1) (in millions)$35  $40 
    
Capital Expenditures (3) (in millions)   
Petroleum$6  $12 
Renewables (4)65  70 
Nitrogen Fertilizer4  7 
Other  1 
Total capital expenditures$75  $90 

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(1)Direct operating expenses are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization and, for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment, turnaround expenses and inventory valuation impacts.
(2)Ammonia utilization rates exclude the impact of turnarounds.
(3)Capital expenditures are disclosed on an accrual basis.
(4)Renewables reflects spending on the Wynnewood RDU project. Amounts spent in 2020 were previously reported under Other. Upon completion and meeting of certain criteria under accounting rules, Renewables is expected to be a new reportable segment. As of March 31, 2021, Renewables does not the meet the definition of an operating segment as defined under ASC 280.

Non-GAAP Reconciliations:

Reconciliation of Net Loss to EBITDA

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)2021 2020
Net loss$(55)  $(101) 
Add:   
Interest expense, net31   35  
Income tax benefit(42)  (36) 
Depreciation and amortization66   64  
EBITDA$—    $(38) 

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By (Used In) Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$96   $(58) 
Less:   
Capital expenditures(34)  (35) 
Capitalized turnaround expenditures(1)  (22) 
Free cash flow$61   $(115) 

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Net Loss to EBITDA and EBITDA Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)2021 2020
Petroleum net loss$(110)  $(130) 
Add:   
Interest (income) expense, net(2)  5  
Depreciation and amortization51   48  
Petroleum EBITDA(61)  (77) 
Inventory valuation impacts, (favorable) unfavorable (1) (2)(66)  136  
Petroleum EBITDA adjusted for inventory valuation impacts$(127)  $59  

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Gross Loss to Refining Margin and Refining Margin Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)2021 2020
Net sales$1,404   $1,057  
Cost of materials and other1,353   1,035  
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)99   84  
Depreciation and amortization51   48  
Gross loss(99)  (110) 
Add:   
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)99   84  
Depreciation and amortization51   48  
Refining margin51   22  
Inventory valuation impacts, (favorable) unfavorable (1) (2)(66)  136  
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts$(15)  $158  

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(1)The Petroleum Segment’s basis for determining inventory value under GAAP is FIFO. Changes in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in the inventory valuation of crude oil, work in process and finished goods, thereby resulting in a favorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices increase and an unfavorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices decrease. The inventory valuation impact is calculated based upon inventory values at the beginning of the accounting period and at the end of the accounting period. In order to derive the inventory valuation impact per total throughput barrel, we utilize the total dollar figures for the inventory valuation impact and divide by the number of total throughput barrels for the period.
(2)Includes an inventory valuation charge of $58 million recorded in the first quarter of 2020, as inventories were reflected at the lower of cost or net realizable value. No adjustment was necessary for the first quarter of 2021.


Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Total Throughput Barrels

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Total throughput barrels per day186,093  156,518 
Days in the period90  91 
Total throughput barrels16,748,383  14,263,161 

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Refining Margin per Total Throughput Barrels

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except for per throughput barrel data)2021 2020
Refining margin$51  $22 
Divided by: total throughput barrels17  14 
Refining margin per total throughput barrel$3.05  $1.52 

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Refining Margin Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts per Total Throughput Barrel

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except for throughput barrel data)2021 2020
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts$(15)  $158 
Divided by: total throughput barrels17   14 
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts per total throughput barrel$(0.88)  $11.06 

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Direct Operating Expenses per Total Throughput Barrel

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except for throughput barrel data)2021 2020
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)$99  $84 
Divided by: total throughput barrels17  14 
Direct operating expenses per total throughput barrel$5.89  $5.87 

Reconciliation of Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Net Loss to EBITDA

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)2021 2020
Nitrogen fertilizer net loss$(25)  $(21) 
Add:   
Interest expense, net16   16  
Depreciation and amortization14   16  
Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA$5   $11  

Reconciliation of Basic and Diluted Loss per Share to Adjusted Loss per Share

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2021 2020
Basic and diluted loss per share$(0.39)  $(0.87) 
Adjustments:   
Inventory valuation impacts (1)(0.48)  1.00  
Unrealized gain on marketable securities (1)(0.46)  (0.22) 
Adjusted loss per share$(1.33)  $(0.09) 

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(1)Amounts are shown after-tax, using the Company’s marginal tax rate, and are presented on a per share basis using the weighted average shares outstanding for each period.

Reconciliation of Total Debt and Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations to EBITDA Exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer

 Twelve Months Ended March 31, 2021
Total debt and finance lease obligations (1)$1,691  
Less: 
Nitrogen Fertilizer debt and finance lease obligations (1)$637  
Total debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer1,054  
  
EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer$(6) 
  
Total debt and finance lease obligations to EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer(175.67) 
  
Consolidated cash and cash equivalents$707  
Less: 
Nitrogen Fertilizer cash and cash equivalents53  
Cash and cash equivalents exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer654  
  
Net debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer (2)$400  
  
Net debt and finance lease obligations to EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer (2)(66.67) 

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(1)Amounts are shown inclusive of the current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations.
(2)Net debt represents total debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of cash and cash equivalents.

   

 Three Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
March 31, 2021
 June 30,
2020
 September 30,
2020
 December 31, 2020 March 31,
2021
 
Consolidated         
Net loss$(32)  $(108)  $(78)  $(55)  $(273) 
Add:         
Interest expense, net31   31   32   31   125  
Income tax benefit(5)  (31)  (23)  (42)  (101) 
Depreciation and amortization74   69   70   66   279  
EBITDA$68   $(39)  $1   $   $30  
          
Nitrogen Fertilizer         
Net loss$(42)  $(19)  $(17)  $(25)  (103) 
Add:         
Interest expense, net16   16   16   16   64  
Depreciation and amortization24   18   19   14   75  
EBITDA$(2)  $15   $18   $5   $36  
          
EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer$70   $(54)  $(17)  $(5)  $(6)